But, it is this portrait that shows his eye colour best. ⇒
Bonnie Prince Charlie's
greatest moment was his triumphal entry
Edinburgh, the Scottish capital,
where he was described by Andrew
Henderson, The Edinburgh History of the
late Rebellion, 4th ed.,
page 14 as, “He
[the Prince] was a slender young Man,
about five feet ten inches high, of a
ruddy complexion, high-nosed, large
rolling brown Eyes, long visage: his
chin was pointed and Mouth small, in
Proportion to his Features: his Hair was
red, but at that Time he wore a pale
Peruke: he was in Highland Dress, with a
blue sash wrought with Gold coming over
his Shoulder, red velvet Breeches, a
green velvet Bonnet with a gold Lace
round it, and a white Cockade which was
the Cross of St. Andrew. He likewise had
a silver-hilted broad Sword, was booted,
and had a Pair of Pistols before him.
His Speech was shy, but very
intelligible; his Dialect was more upon
the English than the Scottish Accent,
seem’d to me pretty like that of the
Irish, some of whom I had known”.
Absolute proof that he had red hair
comes from the pencil and red chalk sketch by Giles Hussey
(shown below ⇓) in the later 1740s.
Perhaps the biggest controversy concerns the prince's height which is often quoted as five feet ten inches.
However, he was known to wear shoes with
special heels to raise his height.
R.A. Stuart 505/20,46
Like most of the
Stuarts (Mary Queen of Scots is a
well-known example) Charles Edward was
well above average height. He was about
five feet eleven inches tall, was
long-faced, high-nosed, possessed the
distinctive sensual Stuart lips, and had
a ruddy complexion, large, melancholy
rolling brown eyes and reddish hair. A
description of the prince by Murray
of Broughton in 1742 is useful as it
makes exactly the point that it was not
Charles’s individual features that
made the physical impact but rather the
Tall, above the
common stature; his limbs are cast in
the most exact mould; his complexion
has in it somewhat of uncommon delicacy.
All his features are perfectly
regular and well-tumed; and his eyes the
finest I ever saw. But which shines most
in him and renders him, without
exception, the most surprisingly
handsome person of the age, is the
dignity that accompanies every gesture.
There is indeed such an unspeakable
majesty diffused through his whole mien,
and such as it is impossible to have
any idea of without seeing; and strikes
those that have with such an awe as will
not suffer them to look on him for any
time, unless he emboldens them to it by
his excessive affability.
Welcome Fáilte Bienvenue Benvenuto Bienvenido Witam
Physical Characteristics of Charles Edward Stuart from portraits and drawings
⇐ Antonio David
, c.1729 (?) Oil on canvas, 25 x 19 in. (635 x 482 mm); large dark brown eyes
, thick lips, fresh complexion, own hair powdered white; white neck-band,
shirt with lace frill, scarlet jacket with a flower pattern edging down the front, deep cuffs embroidered with silver and blue lace, matching waistcoat, open to the waist;
the Garter star and ribbon, underneath, the jewel of the Thistle partly visible on a green ribbon round his neck; plain grey background; lit from the left; in a plain brown painted oval.
Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Silvester Severino Maria Stuart
(born in the late afternoon of December 31, 1720 and died January 31, 1788). Announcement of Prince Charles Edward's birth in the Roman Cracas
Diario Ordinario 4 Gennaro 1721 Num 544. N.B. The paper shows an additional name Severino.