Author Archives: dwwaddell

Have £1.25million to spare?

Decrepit Scottish mansion where Bonnie Prince Charlie drummed up Jacobite rising is the perfect pad for a Young Pretender

Bannockburn House

Bannockburn House

Bannockburn House, in Stirlingshire, Scotland, is up for sale and a community trust is trying to raise money to buy and refurbish the huge property

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4356622/Mansion-Bonnie-Prince-Charlie-drummed-Jacobite.html#ixzz4chkeKofz

Victory at last at new Battle of Culloden

Plans to stop Culloden Battlefield – a war grave for thousands of Jacobite soldiers – from being swamped by housing developments has been approved.

A modern-day war at Culloden was launched after a 16-home development about 400 yards from the official site was last year granted by the Scottish Government, despite worldwide objections.

Read more: http://www.scotsman.com/heritage/people-places/victory-at-last-at-new-battle-of-culloden-1-3966012#ixzz3tLvYw8ts
Follow us: @TheScotsman on Twitter | TheScotsmanNewspaper on Facebook

The Prisoners of the ’45 Volumes 1, 2, and 3

The Prisoners of the ’45 Volumes 1, 2, and 3. (1928)

Sir Bruce Gordon Seton and Jean Gordon Arnot

These have been transcribed (in Microsoft Word 2010 and zipped into one file) but not edited. Ready for digitising and adding to the database.

The Prisoners of the ’45 Volume 1,2,3

Transcribed from the Scottish History Society post (using ABBYY FineReader 11 ):

Digitised Volumes « Scottish History Society

A Jacobite Miscellany (1948) by Tayler, Henrietta, 1869-1951

We have been given permission by The Roxburghe Club to publish A Jacobite Miscellany as a PDF. Edited by Henrietta Taylor (Hetty) in 1948. This book was fully transcribed by me in 2010.

A Jacobite Miscellany download.

This book is, for me, a work of art. It is large and beautifully printed.

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A Jacobite Miscellany

A Jacobite miscellany. Eight original papers on the rising of 1745-1746.

  1. Memoria Istorica per l’anno 1744.
  2. Two letters from Magdalen Pringle.
  3. Manuscript account of the expedition to Scotland, by Sir John Macdonald.
  4. Istoria di sua Altezza Reale, il Principe di Galles.
  5. The Prince’s own account of a part of his wanderings.
  6. A portion of the diary of David Lord Elcho, 1721-87.
  7. The loss of the Prince Charles. [By George A. Talbot.]
  8. Letters of Flora Macdonald.

‘Outlander’ Season 2 Casts Bonnie Prince Charlie

Starz’s “Outlander” is rounding out its cast for season two, which is based on the second book in Diana Gabaldon’s historical, time-traveling series, “Dragonfly in Amber.”

Andrew Gower (“The Village,” “A.D. The Bible Continues”) has been cast as Prince Charles Edward Stuart in the new season, Variety has confirmed. When Charles Stuart isn’t carousing with his Jacobite supporters, the young heir to the exiled Catholic royal dynasty is plotting his return to the throne. An unlikely leader with an unabashed taste for alcohol and women, Prince Charles is hell-bent on glory — no matter what the cost.

Scotland’s DNA project reveals that Bonnie Prince Charlie has English ancestry

From The Telegraph

Not only are we not all Celts and Vikings north of the border, it appears that Bonnie Prince Charlie himself had English ancestors.

Around 1,000 people have been tested in the past four months as part of the Scotland’s DNA project, and the preliminary results reveal the “astonishing” diversity of our genetic origins.

Perhaps even more surprising than the ancestry of the Jacobite prince, is the revelation that one per cent of Scotsmen, around 26,000 individuals, are descended from the Berber and Tuareg tribesmen of the Sahara, with a lineage going back 5,600 years.

The project has also found a lost tribe, the Maeatae, who fought the Roman legions in 208AD and seemed to disapper from recorded history in the 8th century. The latest DNA techniques re-discovered them – concentrated in their historic homelands around Stirling.

The National Anthem

Is it time to revise or even remove the national anthem? In particular verse six:

Lord grant that Marshal Wade

May by thy mighty aid

Victory bring.

May he sedition hush,

And like a torrent rush,

Rebellious Scots to crush.

God save the Queen!

Battle of Sheriffmuir 300th Anniversary Commemoration on Fri 13th November 2015

As you may know this year will see the 300th anniversary of the Battle of Sheriffmuir on Friday 13th November. The battle of Sheriffmuir, the site of which is near Dunblane in Scotland, was a significant and fateful event in the history of the 1715 Jacobite Rising and some years ago the 1745 Association erected a commemorative cairn and plaque close to the battlefield. A picture of the cairn may be viewed on our website.

The 1745 Association is currently planning a commemorative event to take place at the battle-site on Friday 13th November in conjunction with the Association of Highland Clans & Societies (AHCS) and the Clan MacRae Society, who also have a cairn at the battle-site. Representatives will also be present from the “The 15” Northumbrian Jacobite Society. Members of the 1745 Association are therefore invited to attend what promises to be an interesting, poignant and sociable commemorative event.

The outline plan is to gather at the Sheriffmuir Inn a mile or so from the battle-site by 13:30 that day where cars may be parked, and then board shuttle mini-buses to the battle-site (where there is little or no parking available). At 14:00 the Clan MacRae will hold a short commemorative and wreath laying event at their cairn followed by a similar event at our own adjacent 1745 Association cairn. Those present will then be invited to walk the short distance to the “Gathering Stone” on the battlefield (a ten minute walk over paths and some rough ground requiring stout footwear!) where the AHCS will lay wreaths on behalf of their member clans. A piper will be present throughout and will play at each event. On completion all will return to the roadside and re-board the mini-buses to be shuttled back to the Sheriffmuir Inn for afternoon tea at 16:00.

AHCS have very kindly agree to pay for the mini buses but members wishing to attend will be asked to pay a small fee for afternoon tea if they wish to stay for this. As the logistics of the transport and the tea depend upon the numbers attending it is requested that any members who wish to attend contact Glen MacDonald by e mail  no later than Tuesday 20th October in order to reserve a place . Glen may be contacted by e mail to: glenmuriel920@hotmail.com.

English newcomer cast as tragic Scottish hero Bonnie Prince Charlie

English actor Jamie Bacon, who has never been to Scotland, is to play the lead role in a film about Bonnie Prince Charlie.

The Great Getaway will follow the Young Pretender’s escape across the Western Isles, after defeat at Culloden in the failed Jacobite rising of 1745.

Jamie Bacon

Having previously appeared in small roles in little-known British indies, this is Bacon’s first major film role. Although previously linked with American actor Jake Abel, executive producer Robbie Moffat has said that Bacon would be “perfect” for the part.

Project Gutenberg Self Publishing Press and the Battle of Culloden

BATTLE OF CULLODEN

Sourced from World Heritage Encyclopedia™ licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
Help to improve this article, make contributions at the Citational Source
This is a recent project by Gutenberg which anyone can contribute to. Here is the first section which has many links to other articles of interest:

The Battle of Culloden (Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Chùil Lodair) was the final confrontation of the 1745Jacobite Rising. On 16 April 1746, the Jacobite forces of Charles Edward Stuart fought loyalist troops commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands. The Hanoverian victory at Culloden decisively halted the Jacobite intent to overthrow the House of Hanoverand restore the House of Stuart to the British throne; Charles Stuart never mounted any further attempts to challenge Hanoverian power in Great Britain. The conflict was the last pitched battle fought on British soil.[4]

Charles Stuart’s Jacobite army consisted largely of Scottish Highlanders, as well as a number ofLowland Scots and a small detachment of Englishmen from the Manchester Regiment. The Jacobites were supported and supplied by the Kingdom of France and French and Irish units loyal to France were part of the Jacobite army. The British Government (Hanoverian loyalist) forces were mostly English, along with a significant number of Scottish Lowlanders and Highlanders, a battalion ofUlstermen and a small number of Hessians from Germany[5] and Austrians.[6] The battle on Culloden Moor was both quick and bloody, taking place within an hour. Following an unsuccessful Highland charge against the government lines, the Jacobites were routed and driven from the field.

Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites were killed or wounded in the brief battle, while government losses were lighter with 50 dead and 259 wounded, although recent geophysical studies on the government burial pit suggest the figure to be nearer 300. The battle and its aftermath continue to arouse strong feelings: the University of Glasgow awarded Cumberland an honorary doctorate, but many modern commentators allege that the aftermath of the battle and subsequent crackdown onJacobitism were brutal, and earned Cumberland the sobriquet “Butcher”. Efforts were subsequently taken to further integrate the comparatively wild Highlands into the Kingdom of Great Britain; civil penalties were introduced to weaken Gaelic culture and attack the Scottish clan system.

A Jacobite Miscellany. Eight Original Papers on the Rising of 1745-1746.

This extremely rare book (which was owned by Lord Rennell of Rodd, K.B.E., C.B) is up for sale on Abebooks and eBay at US$1200. I have completely transcribed this amazing book and have been trying to get the Roxburghe Club to republish it because of its rarity but have made no progress in a couple of years.
A Jacobite Miscellany by Henrietta Tayler published in 1948 by The Roxburghe Club (celebrating their bicentennial in 2012).
A Jacobite Miscellany. Eight Original Papers on the Rising of 1745-1746.
ISBN/UPC:
Type:
Format: hardcover
Category:
Condition: Collectible, Very Good
Jacket Condition (if present):
Author/Artists: Tayler, Henrietta (editor)
Publisher & year: The Roxburghe Club, 1948
Edition: First Edition
Seller Item ID: Sp428
Price: 1200.00
Notes: Oxford, 1948. Large quarto, 196 pp., quarter polished calf over red cloth. A very scarce Roxburghe Club offering, very finely printed. Finely illustrated, with a frontispiece portrait of Prince Charles Edward and other illustrations. This is an excellent copy with fine contents. Some light shelfwear to boards, corners slightly bumped. This title last appeared at auction at Lyon & Turnbull in 2012. Please contact us for additional pictures or information.

Stuart Papers at Chiddingstone Castle

I received three reels of microfilm containing letters (many signed) and documents pertaining to the Stuart Papers collected by Denys Eyre Bower. In time, I will scan these to PDF and, given permission, publish some of the more interesting ones. Following, is a list of what is on the reels:

Contents – Reel 1

  1. Correspondence signed by members of the House of Stuart – letters Microfilmed in chronological sequence.

(Approximate number of letters)

Mary, Queen of Scots                                 1

James I                                                            8

Charles I                                                        20

Charles II                                                      26

James II                                                         15

William III                                                       8

James III                                                         8

Charles III                                                     11

Victor I          (Including Newspaper cuttings,
twentieth century telegrams, etc.)

  1. Privy Council Documents.

Charles II                                                      18

Anne                                                                2

James II                                                           3

William & Mary                                             2

William III                                                       5

  1. Documents and letters signed by and dealing with the adherents of the Royal House of Stuart.
  2. Papers relating to James III
    Charles II (as Prince of Wales)
    Henry IX (Cardinal York)
    Together with accounts and lists of jewels and banking accounts
  3. Catalogue of Bagot Civil War Documents, items 1 to 89.

Contents – Reel 2

  1. Continuation of the catalogue of Bagot Civil War Documents, items No. 90 to 123.
  2. State Papers:

James I                                                           2

Charles I                                                        6

Charles II                                                     80

James II                                                         7

William III                                                    21

Anne                                                               1

James III                                                      13

Contents – Reel 3

Continuation of State Papers from Reel 2.

Henry, Cardinal of York                        30

Victor                                                            1

(Supplementary to the above

Charles I                                                      3

Charles II                                                     7

4 and 5

Letters of the Sobieski Stuarts, together with bound manuscripts in the sequence in which they appear on the film.

  1. Bound volume containing original autograph letters of the Duke of Monmouth, including drawings and cuttings from the London Gazette.
  2. Bound volume containing copy of the Levant Company Charter confirmed by Charles II.
  3. Bound volume containing the Earl of Halifax’s character of Charles II.
  4. Bound volume containing notes on Clarendon’s History of the Rebellion.
  5. Bound volume containing the account of the Battle of Cape Le Hague by Tobias Smollett.
  6. Bound volume containing autographs connected with the rising in Scotland (1745).
  7. Bound volume containing autographs following the 1745
  8. Bound volume containing the decrees and judgement in favour of Patrick Grant.
  9. Accounts and Reports, etc.
  10. Bound volume containing letters and cuttings relative to Crown Prince Rupert of Bavaria, and the Sobieski Stuarts.
  11. Copies of the Whitehall Review.
  12. General Forster’s farewell.
  13. Various letters, including letters to Edward Walford and letters of Georgina Stuart d’Albany.
  14. Eight letters and documents in the period of Charles II including letters signed by the Earl of Danby.
  15. Various letters, including letters to Sir John Coxe Hippisley. C.1800.

(Hippisley was responsible for initiating the negotiations with the Duchess of Albany’s Executors in Rome for the purchase of the Main Collection of Stuart Papers, on behalf of the Prince of Wales.

These papers are now in the Royal Archives at Windsor Castle, and are available complete on Microfilm, from Micro Methods Ltd.)

These papers have been microfilmed by courtesy of Mr. Denys Eyre Bower, from his private collection at Chiddingstone Castle, Kent, written authority must be obtained from Mr. Bower to quote from, reproduce, or publish any material on the film.

Mr. Denys Eyre Bower started the collection in the 1920’s. It is now the largest collection of its kind in private hands and forms a valuable supplement, though strictly modest compared with that fantastic collection, to the Windsor Stuart Papers. Indeed many documents in Mr. Bower’s collection originally formed part of the Windsor Stuart archives which were separated from the main collection by various circumstances. The letters of the Chevalier Watson in the early 19th century describe in some detail the purchase of the Windsor papers for the de facto occupant of the Crown. The collection consists of many hundreds of documents and letters signed by the Stuart Kings and Queens from Mary Queen of Scots to the later exiled monarchy and their hereditary heirs to modern times, together with their adherents and a few of their opponents where history demands.

An interesting section includes the spurious Sobieski Stuarts of the 19th century whose claims were accepted by many people of note in Scotland and elsewhere.

A. Green

Sheffield University
1969 – 70

Thesis from Stefano Baccolo and thanks to the 1745 Association

Stefano Baccolo, in his university thesis “Carlo Stuart in Italia 1766-1788—La Corte di un principe in esilio”, thanks the members of the 1745 Association.

RINGRAZIAMENTI

Al di fuori dell’ambiente universitario desidero ringraziare l’amico Dave
Waddell per il supporto che diede alla mia ricerca del testamento di Carlo
Stuart, che fu poi lo spunto per questo lavoro. Con lui ringrazio per
l’interesse e la simpateticità con cui seguirono la stessa ricerca anche Mag-
gie Craig, Stephen Lord c tutto il resto della 1745 Association, di cui sono
fiero d’essere membro.

In English:

THANKS

Outside of the university, I would like to thank my friend Dave Waddell for the support he gave to my research of the Will of Charles Stuart, which later became the inspiration for this work. I thank him for the interest and understanding which followed the same research also Maggie Craig, Stephen Lord and the rest of the 1745 Association, of which I am proud to be a member.

The poems of Alexander Macdonald (Mac Mhaighstir Alasdair)

Modern poetry in Scottish Gaelic begins with the brilliant, controversial figure of Alexander MacDonald, better known as Alasdair Mac Mhaighstir Alasdair, who was active during the eighteenth century. His only collection, Aiseirigh na Seann Chànain Albannaich (1751), was the first printed book to be published in any Celtic language. His patriotic poems mocked those who had failed to support the Jacobite cause (such as the Campbells), and in “A Chanibal Dhuidsich” George II is mocked as a German cannibal. Not surprisingly, the book was considered treasonable, and burned by the hangman in Edinburgh.

Here, in Gaelic, French, and English is one of his best known poems:

Oran a rinneadh ‘sa bhliadhna 1746 A Song Composed in the Year 1746

From the same site (with translations from John Lorne Campbell‘s 1932 book) are many others:

Oran Nuadh A New Song
O Thearlaich Mhic Sheumais! O Charles Son of James
Clo Mhic Ille Mhicheil (?) The Cloth of McGhille Micheil
Oran Mhorair Mhic Shiomoin An Elegy on Lord Lovat
Oran nam Fineachan Gaidhealach The Song of the Clans
Oran Do’n Phrionnsa A Song to the Prince
Oran Eile Do’n Phrionnsa Another Song to the Prince
Mile marbhphaisg air ant-saoghal On This Age a Thousand Curses
Mhorag Chiatach Achuil Dualaich Graceful Morag of the Ringlets
A channibal Dhuidsich O German Cannibal
Fuigheall A Fragment
Gairm do Phrionnsa Teàrlach A Call to Prince Charles
O togamaid oirnn thar uisge O Let us Go over the Sea
Fuigheall eile Another Fragment
Brosnachadh eile do na Gàidheil Another incitement for the Gaels

Various downloadable Jacobite books of verse

Jacobite songs and ballads by Macquoid, Gilbert Samuel

Jacobite Lyrics (Volume 29) – Snyder, Franklyn Bliss

Stuart and Jacobite Lyrics (Volume 13) – Snyder, Franklyn Bliss

Jacobite minstrelsy; with notesJacobite minstrelsy

Reliques of Irish Jacobite poetry; – John O’Daly

Jacobite Songs And Ballads Of Scotland – Charles Mackay

Songs of the cavaliers and roundheads, Jacobite ballads, &c. &c. – Thornbury, Walter, 1828-1876

English Jacobite ballads, songs & satires, etc. From the mss. at Towneley hall, Lancashire – Grosart, Alexander Balloch, 1827-1899

The Jacobite Relics of Scotland: Being the Songs, Airs, and Legends, of the Adherents to the … – James Hogg

An t-Aosdàna; or a selection of the most popular Gaelic Jacobite songs, [etc.], [etc.] – Mackenzie, John, 1806-1848

The poetical works of Alexander Macdonald, the celebrated Jacobite poet : now first collected, with a short account of the author – MacDonald, Alexander, ca. 1695-ca. 1770

Jacobite melodies : a collection of the most popular legends, ballads and songs of the adherents to the house of Stuart ; with historical and explanatory notes

Innes’s edition of the songs of Scotland : selected from the works of her eminent poets ; including the celebrated Jacobite songs of the rebellion of 1745, and other favorites, introduced in the Lectures on Scottish minstrelsy by Mr. Wilson ; to whom this collection is respectfully dedicated

Remains of Nithsdale and Galloway song: with historical and traditional notices relative to the manners and customs of the peasantry – Cromek, R. H. (Robert Hartley), 1770-1812

Poets and dreamers : studies & translations from the Irish – Gregory, Lady, 1852-1932

New Collected Rhymes – Lang, Andrew, 1844-1912

Dean's Walk

The Dean’s Walk in the footsteps of St Moluag

Could you give publicity to Council and members re the above for which you will find info at:

http://aberdeen.anglican.org/media/resources/dean_walk_booklet_04.pdf
http://www.justgiving.com/deanswalk

There are also pictures at the latest news section of the Diocese of Aberdeen and Orkney website http://aberdeen.anglican.org

This is very good effort and a journey full of symbolism for the Scottish Episcopal Church and its Celtic roots. It is also a historical event of some significance. I do not think I will see the Bachuil of St Moluag return to Aberdeen in my lifetime.

John

For more information on St Moluag, see Dean Alexander Emsley Nimmo’s interview.

St Andrews Bachuil

THE BEST OF ENEMIES by Christopher Duffy

 

THE BEST OF ENEMIES

Germans against Jacobites, 1746

 

One of the best stories of the Forty Five yet to be told, that of the Hessian soldiers who marched into the Pass of Killiecrankie.The Hessians have been portrayed as the villains of the Forty Five, brutal mercenaries. Yet they were very different from the legend. Their leader, Prince Frederick sympathised more with his foes than with his allies. In later years his crisis of conscience would perplex Germany.

TheBestOfEnemies

 The Jacobite clans were on the Great Atholl Raid. Their leader, Lord George Murray, hoped to outflank the army of the Duke of Cumberland. This may have been a fine chance for Jacobite victory. The result was the siege of Blair Castle. The Hessians defended their base at Dunkeld from Jacobite probes. Then they were ordered to relieve the Castle by marching through the feared Pass of Killiecrankie. 

The cast of characters includes many who behaved unexpectedly: the irresponsible defenders of the Castle; the rival Dukes of Atholl; the Campbell whose assassination featured in Stevenson’s novel Kidnapped; the inn-servant Molly; the European hussars seeking information by talking in Latin, the irascible Duke of Cumberland; the lovelorn Earl of Craufurd, attached to the Hessian force; and many more.

Visit site.

Ode to a Wounded Foot and Lament of Donald MacDonald

These translations by David Wishart are of two Latin odes written by Donald Roy MacDonald who was at Culloden and fighting alongside Keppoch and saw him fall. There are many references to Donald Roy in Volume II of the Lyon in Mourning and he was clearly one of Robert Forbes “favourites”. The translation came about by the tireless efforts of Noni Brown and I have included David’s letter to her below:

Noni,

Glad you liked the translations, although I wouldn’t, myself, describe them as ‘wonderful’: I was going for one-to-one accuracy, a literal version as opposed to a literary one. Turning the pieces into English poetry (which, perhaps, is how they ought to be treated) would require a much less rigid approach, using my text only as a starting point—please feel free to do this or have it done, if you’ve a mind.

Regarding accuracy, an apology: I’ve solved the problem of the ‘per’ (see footnote 4) in the last stanza of the first poem, and in consequence I’m kicking myself for being a complete idiot (so much for expertise!), because given that there are other flaws/miscopyings in the text I should’ve thought of it in the first place.

‘Per curo’ is a misprint for the single word ‘percurro’, ‘I run through’, and taking it as such (or rather, as ‘read over’, which is an okay translation in this case) makes the Latin perfectly clear and correct: ‘Sitting all day by the blazing hearth, I read over some books, particularly…’ Could you amend the translation accordingly, and replace the current wording of the footnote with: ‘Reading “per curo” as “percurro”, “I run through”?

All the best
David WIshart


Ode on the Foot of Donald Macdonald, wounded at the Battle of Culloden by a leaden musket-ball

Alas! How many heroes fell in the too-bloody battle of Culloden, whose bodies lay despoiled at daybreak!

I saw the son of Col[1] (I shudder in the telling of it) fall at our side, from whom no-one who challenged him to equal fight had [ever] snatched the palm. Instead of a grave, these men were left to the ravening beasts of the field, while as many as still lived were torn apart by savage wounds.

A terrible ball from a hollow musket spitting lightning and fire, whistling[2] through the air, pierced my foot with huge force. It tore not only the flesh, the delicate fibres and the tendons but the very bones, and shearing through the leather bindings it despoiled me all at once of my shoe.

Now I will go about lame in one foot, like the black archetype-smith,[3] treading [lit. ‘striking’] with difficulty the grass of the verdant plain. Not for me, now, as before, the joys of hunting, of dancing [lit. ‘jumping’], of swimming, nor do I care to touch the swelling breasts of young girls.

When I seek my bed at night, desirous of rest, sleep closes my eyes very rarely, and [only] briefly, because of the excessive pain in my wounded foot.

In the morning, when I leave my warm nest, there gather round me old women [reading ‘vetulae’] and old men, asking [reading ‘rogantes’] me much about the war of Charles and the Butcher [Cumberland].

Sitting the whole day through by the blazing hearth, I read through some books, particularly [those concerning] the wars set to verse by the blind poet [i.e. Homer][4].

Meanwhile, it is the conscientious doctor’s care to treat my wounded limb, and I pray the benign Creator of the World to favour what he has undertaken.

 

The Lamentation of Donald Macdonald, in Hiding after the Battle of Culloden

Ah, what solitude I bear as I wander the sheer peaks of the mountains, through the many [lit. ‘several’] glens, the caves in the rocks, and the bristling heather!

In the forests now my companions are the deer, my comforters, with their cries, the cuckoos; now the doves lessen my weariness with their soft murmur.

A great force of soldiers pursue[d] me, because I refuse[d] to betray Prince Charles. But I strove to pass safely through the weapons of my enemies.

Countless ants, midges and wasps swarm, with heat and cold in turn, as if they have made treaty[5] with the Duke of Cumberland.

Not so terrible to me is George, whom Great Britain obeys as her lord, as are the little midges, than whom the Butcher Duke himself is scarcely a more pitiless enemy!

They always find my hiding-places, they fly into my face, they pierce my skin with their wound-inflicting bites [lit. ‘beaks’] and sate their bellies with my blood.

Long we fought bravely, on both sides; many bodies of midges were laid low on the earth, and my face was covered with many wounds.

Finally, overcome by the number of my enemies, I fled, seeking the steep places of the mountains, and immediately the hateful swarm followed me, wherever I went.

I was not [lit. ‘scarcely’] rid of this pestiferous crowd until, in my misery, a wind sprang up, and breathing on the midges dispersed them and sent them with its breath to hell [lit. ‘across the waters of the Styx’].

A more longed-for day will scarcely come for me until George is dead, and a new king succeeds to the throne who wishes to be kinder to his people.

Day and night I pray in my heart that either this shining day will come or that a war bloodier than before will vex the kingdoms of Britain.

Oh, if that time reaches my ears, I will dare to leave my hiding-places, and setting George’s menacing weapons at nought to give myself [back] openly to the world.



[1] McColl; the Latin footnote translates as ‘Keppoch, whose father’s name was Col’.

[2] Latin footnote on ‘sibilans’, ‘whistling’/’whispering: Better – as the author himself said – ‘flying’.

[3] Latin footnote: Vulcan.

[4] I’m not absolutely sure about this verse: that ‘per’ must go, somehow, with ‘tota luce’, ie ‘throughout the whole day’, but it’s misplaced, unnecessary, and shouldn’t take an ablative. Possibly it reproduces the English word order, ‘the whole day through’ – which is how I’ve translated it – as opposed to ‘throughout the day’; in Latin, ‘per totam diem’. Also, there’s no infinitive with ‘curo’ (‘I care for’): a literal translation here would be ‘I care for various books.’

[5] ‘Sanscissunt’ doesn’t exist. I’m reading it as ‘sanci[sc]unt’, from ‘foedus sancire’, to conclude a treaty.

President’s Letter

Posted on behalf of Brian and John:

I am sorry to hear that you have seen fit to resign from the 1745 Association because of my activities with the ‘Better Together’ campaign.

It may be that you have misunderstood the nature of our 1745 Association. We are not apparatchiki for the present Scottish Government, any other form of Scottish Government, the SNP or, indeed, any political stance.

As I and my Council understand it, the 1745 Association is constitutionally a non-political historical association, the objectives of which are:

To study the Jacobite period.

To record and preserve the memory of those who actively participated in, or who had connections with the ‘45.

To mark the appropriate historical sites.

As a Gaelic-speaking Highlander with deep roots in Argyll, as a convinced Episcopalian and as an amateur military historian, I have fully sympathised with, and participated in these objectives for over a decade as Member, Member of Council, Chairman of Council and as President.

You should understand that it is the Association which is non-political and not its Members. Each of us is entitled to private political views unassociated with the Association and is free to express them openly in what is currently a democratic Scotland.

I intend to hold to my personal political views and to express them on appropriate occasions. I also intend to remain as President of our Association for as long as the Council and Members wish me to do so, furthering its non-political and historical objectives in any way I can.

I intend to ask for this letter to be published on our website and in Jacobite so that Members are in no doubt as to the nature of our Association and our views on their political freedom as Members.

Le gach deagh dhùrachd ( Yours sincerely),

Chiddingstone Castle and the Denys Bower MSS

Has anyone been to see this collection at Chiddingstone Castle near Edenbridge, Kent – in particular the Stuart / Jacobite collection?

“The Curator, together with volunteers, are currently working on a project to catalogue the collection of Royal Stuart documents. These include letters from and to Stuart kings, state papers, and letters and other documents relating to the Jacobites, Bonnie Prince Charlie and the 1745 uprising.”

Chiddingstone Castle
Hill Hoath Road
Chiddingstone, Edenbridge,
Kent TN8 7AD,
United Kingdom
+44 (0)1892 870347

Chiddingstone CastleThis is from The Glasgow Herald – Nov 24, 1951

Jacobites in Mayfair

It has been vastly illuminating to journey Mayfair-wards this afternoon, there to seek out one who has, over the past 20 years or so, assembled such an immense variety of relics of the Royal House of Stuart as must, I imagine, cause him to be the envy of every other antiquarian in the country; in fact the flat which this indefatigable collector, Mr Denys E. Bower, at present occupies is as much a repository of history as a dwelling-place. One spacious room, for instance, is hung from roof to floor with paintings of the Stuarts—outstanding among these being a portrait of Charles II, by Hanneman, which formerly belonged to the Duchess of Kent—and another room is given over to literary and epistolary treasures, while in a third Mr Bower has stored other manuscripts, besides what might be termed the smaller currency of the centuries in the form of miniatures and, nick-nacks. Many of these are extremely rare, and some have been shown at loan exhibitions in Edinburgh during the past three years, perhaps the most notable among them being the last letter which Prince Charles Edward wrote to James III on “ye 2d July, 1745” before leaving France for Scotland.

Historic Links

Though Mr Bower is the managing director of a London firm of antique dealers, his Stuart collection is a separate and private interest in furtherance of which he recently bought, at a public auction, two gold cuff links which were described in a catalogue note as having been given by Prince Charles Edward to Flora Macdonald in 1746. “These gold cuff links,” the note went on, “were previously sold in these rooms on May 15, 1930, as the property of William Smith of Roslin. The links were given to his grandmother as a girl by John Roy Stuart, one of the Prince’s generals, to whom they were given by the Prince.” Mr Bower points out, however, that this last sentence is in error and that the items involved in the 1930 sales were the silver shoe buckles that were worn, by the Prince at Culloden. Subsequently these were given to the Duchess of Hamilton to sell at a bazaar, where they brought £25. Since then Mr Bower has lost all trace of them, and he wonders whether any reader of “The Glasgow Herald “can provide some clues to their whereabouts; likewise he would welcome any information about the newly acquired cuff links. In particular he is anxious to discover why the links should be mounted on a Victorian visiting card which bears on one side the printed name, Miss Robertson, and on the other, the written inscription: “Given by Prince Charles Edward to Flora Macdonald during his flight, a.d. 1746. C. Grainger.”

Rome trip – Spring 2015

I am posting this on behalf of Benedicta:

Hello everyone,

It is your Italian Jacobite here reporting to headquarters. I hope this e-mail finds all of you well!

Here as promised is my little preliminary report on the reconnaissance trip to Rome that I, Sian Johnson and Peter Brown made just a couple of weeks ago in order to have a better look at the most important spots and sights connected with Prince Charlie and the Stuarts’ exile in Rome and the nearby towns – this is in preparation for the 2014 trip to Rome that the Association is planning.

Since I had already been studying and visiting these places in the course of my researches on Prince Charlie’s life, I was able to show Peter and Sian those that I deem the ‘landmarks’ and most important sights in Rome and the two neighboring towns of Albano and Frascati – of course time was limited, so we didn’t get to see every single thing there that deserves attention (there’s actually tons and tons of places connected with both Charles and Henry and the Stuart family as a whole in all these locations, so one is inevitably forced to make a choice). But I truly and honestly think that we managed to see the most important places (and also the most beautiful ones to see) and I have several ideas on how to gain access to those parts of these buildings and even to those areas that are not normally visible without prior special arrangements.

If anyone is interested in seeing more details, I am also making a word file copy of this little report featuring pictures of all these places taken for the purpose. Sian and Peter have taken many photos as well, so there would be no problem in circulating further documentation.

So, focusing on the city of Rome and then moving on to the area of the Castelli Romani (the belt of little historical hill towns that surround Rome), here are those that I consider the really key places for a trip:

ROME

– Palazzo Muti

This of course is ‘the’ place, being the palace where the Stuart court was located from 1719 onwards and where the Prince himself was born and even died (he came back to Rome several times after 1766, the time of James’ death, and spent the last two years of his life there).

Here we had a complete tour, walking all around the very long block that is normally known as the Palazzo Muti (Palazzo Balestra being its modern-day name) but is in fact two distinct palaces joined into a single huge building: the part facing Piazza Santi Apostoli, where the royal apartments were, used to be called Palazzo del Re (the King’s Palace), while the properly-called Palazzo Muti used to be on the opposite part, that on Piazza Pilotta; yet in between there are smaller blocks, called ‘palazzetti’ (small palaces), which were mostly occupied by the two Princes. We dedicated special attention to the part of the building that used to house the Stuarts themselves (the royal apartments), situated on Piazza dei Santi Apostoli: here it is possible to enter the courtyard and wander up the stairs leading to the different storeys, and we could see the two different wings – one where the King and Queen had their apartments, the other one where the two Princes had theirs. We wandered in the small courtyard and saw the stables and the carriage entrance, etc, as is still possible to do, and found the original entrance as well. Today this part of the building is divided between offices and private apartments, so, in order to see more of the inside spaces we should ask for permission, and we have secured the name and number of the building administrator in order to do so.

But the rest of the Palazzo (the parts leading up from Piazza dei Santi Apostoli to the other end, that on Piazza Pilotta) deserves attention, too: the part of the Palace that is now facing on Piazza Pilotta (the state rooms, so to speak, and the facade that was made famous by the contemporary paintings we have seen) now house some mixed ecclesiastical and political offices, some of which are connected with the nearby Pontificio Istituto Biblico; and if we make a request beforehand, I know we can enter the offices so as to be shown the only room that actually survives unchanged from when the Stuarts inhabited the palace (actually from even before they rented it): this is a beautifully frescoed small room, that I was able to see back in 2006. I still have the name of a nice chap who used to work there when I first visited the place, and who could probably help us in gaining access. This would definitely be most interesting for our members to see, as it is perhaps the only perfectly-preserved part of the Palazzo Muti block!

We must also try to gain access to some upper-storey rooms of the Palazzetti where you can still have glimpses of how the palace once was – when walking the streets around the block, I could see through the windows of some of the upper-storey rooms bits of beautiful ceiling decoration; however I know that these rooms are mostly in a bad state and that there is not much left from the glorious days, so this might be a bit heartbreaking… Thankfully we have time to arrange everything however, so we are free to decide on the matter.

In any case, a trip to the Palazzo definitely has to be on the list!

– Chiesa dei Santi Apostoli

Another key place, located just a few metres from the entrance of the Palazzo, on Piazza dei Santi Apostoli. This is the church chosen by the Stuarts for their devotions; here it is extremely easy and straightforward to see the monument to Queen Clementina, and the church itself is very beautiful and quite interesting, especially given that the Princes and James daily worshipped here (Charles attended a daily mass every single morning, and after the Queen’s death James used to spend hours in prayer here). Closes at noon so must be visited first thing when getting to the Palace; the crypt has excellent Roman frescoes and such.

The beautiful courtyard of the Santi Apostoli convent, just next to the Santi Apostoli church where the heart of Clementina is preserved and a few steps from Palazzo Muti, might also be worth showing to the members, as some sources say that the ancient fountain at the centre of the courtyard formerly used to be located in the Palazzo Muti courtyard.

– Cappella della Madonna dell’Archetto

This is another key spot: the small chapel next to the Palazzo Muti (the smallest chapel in Rome!) used to be connected to it by a small arch, often used by the Royal Family; this is where the Prince was baptized, and as the chapel was built by the Muti family for private devotions, it was also later used by the Stuarts. It is only open for visits at seven o’clock in the evening on a particular day of the week, which makes it a bit difficult for us to see it; but perhaps we could have it opened by request.

– St.Peter’s Basilica

The resting place of the whole family. Here there are no problems in seeing the Stuart Monument and Queen Clementina’s monument; however special permission must be asked in order to see the Stuart sarcophagus in the crypt (Sian, Peter and I saw it, but we were caught and sent away after a little while). With regards to Queen Clementina’s tomb, we did not see it but it is accessible – yet it might be a bit of a problem for members with mobility issues as it is located along a spiral staircase. However it has to be noted that what one sees there is simply the ‘rear’ of Queen Clementina’s tomb as seen from behind the monument that is visible on the ground floor of the Basilica; so, given that one must get onto an elevator to reach the spiral staircase etc. and that there’s definitely going to be queues and such, perhaps we could content ourselves with simply seeing it from below. The sacristy containing the Cardinal’s treasury should be no problem at all to access: in order to get to the sacristy museum you have to exit the church and re-enter it from another corner and there is an entrance fee to pay. There’s actually not much to be seen, but it could be interesting to actually have someone showing the Cardinal’s chalice and such to us if possible.

Aside from these unmissable spots, there are countless other great options in Rome. To me these were the most interesting:

Pontificio Collegio Scozzese (Scots College)

The original Collegio was located in a building in Via delle Quattro Fontane, and though the original façade is not there anymore, it is interesting to see it from the outside, as looking on from the road you can still see an effigy of Cardinal Henry and several carvings of the Royal Arms of Scotland (and the motto) displayed onto the actual facade. It would be nice to have a look at this building as it is not far from the area of Rome where most of the key spots are located.

The modern Collegio (located in the suburbs of Rome, on the Via Cassia), has no interest to us as a building (it is modern and bearing no connection with the Stuarts itself) BUT it holds some very important relics – like the original scroll of Charles’ Commission of Regency as drawn by James (the very same scroll he took to Scotland with him in 1745). In the Collegio’s crypt are also located the original tombstones of James, Charles and Henry. There are also several portraits of Charles and Henry and smaller mementoes, which would make a visit to this place a pretty touching one – however it must be carefully arranged as we need to ask permission to enter the Collegio and see all the relics.

– Gardens of Villa Borghese

We made an expedition to this important tourist attraction as well (the Museum within the Villa Borghese is one of the most popular destinations in Rome), for this is the city park that the Prince visited on every single day: he went riding his horses here, and also played golf on the grounds. If time allows it we might have a stroll here, and visiting the Museum itself might prove a happy diversion for the members, given its international resonance – but most of all, by purchasing the ticket to visit the museum, we could also see the lovely little ‘Versailles-style’ side gardens radiating from the Villa, which date back to the 17th century and must definitely have been of interest to the Royal Family.

Of course this is not as important a destination as the palaces are, but it was one of the Prince’s favorite spots in Rome and so might be of interest to some members.

Another place the Prince loved much and almost daily visited  is the Baths of Diocleziano, the beautiful Roman ruins not far from the Termini Station area – these are very interesting, lots of statues and inscriptions and such to have a look at for the Classicist.

– If there is time enough, we might consider a trip to the TRASTEVERE quarter as well –

We didn’t make it in time to go all the way to Trastevere, but, schedule permitting, there are mainly two spots that I suggest we visit if we decide to include Trastevere in our trip plan:

– CONVENTO DI SANTA CECILIA, where Clementina sought refuge when she ran off from the King and the royal court: it is still a convent but there are guided tours of it held in the mornings. If we can arrange to visit it as a group by request, it might be very interesting to see the various mementoes and inscriptions relating to Clementina’s stay there and the area of the building that she occupied.

BASILICA DI SANTA MARIA IN TRASTEVERE, where Henry was appointed Cardinal Priest. Some inscriptions and mementoes here, with several plaques and gifts etc. Of particular interest would be gaining access to the reliquary (has to be done by special permission) in order to see the precious gifts made by Henry to the church. I am not sure if Peter and Sian have been to this church as they had a few hours’ time more than me at their disposal before their flight and intended to visit it.

ORTO BOTANICO, formerly the Corsini family’s private gardens: a very beautiful place for an open air stroll among beautiful plants, fountains and flowers arranged in 18th-century style. This is the place where Prince Charlie used to go to with his father when they wanted to be in privacy to discuss plans for the Rising; they simply walked up and down the gardens, whispering and chatting between themselves, trying to avoid possible spies. Would be good for a field trip. It is possible to visit the place everyday by paying an entrance fee.

FRASCATI

(Beautiful little historical town just half an hour from Rome: extremely important for the Stuarts as Henry was Bishop of this town for many years, and an extremely influential figure there).

– Basilica di San Pietro

Here is a most interesting place to visit due to the fact that there is a key monument to the Prince (his heart is still preserved here, in an urn situated under a marble slab beneath the inscription; he had been buried here after a funeral celebrated in this very church by Henry, who was Bishop of Frascati, and his body was only removed to St. Peter’s after Henry himself died in 1807). There also are inscriptions and mementoes for Cardinal Henry, though I am sorry to say that we were not able to actually find the wooden statue of the Virigin Mary donated by him to the church; this I guess is because of a mistake in the Cathedral’s information sheet, as the actual Virgin Mary donated by Henry is probably the painted one located in the chapel just left of the Altar: the tabernacle there is a gift from Henry, as are the candlesticks. We also know that the sacristy holds some interesting inscriptions and mementoes relating to Henry, among which are a portrait and a plaque, and this room will be fairly easy to access for us.

-La Rocca 

The Bishop’s Palace in Frascati, occupied by Henry when Bishop of the town: a pretty big and imposing building in the centre of town containing interesting mementoes of the Cardinal and his stay there. On certain weekday mornings it is possible to enter the courtyard and the inside of the Rocca, but this again has to be made by special arrangement if we wish to see all the inner rooms as well and not simply the courtyard. However it is definitely worth doing it, for the inner rooms (where modern offices now are) are pretty interesting and well-preserved, and there are some nice mementoes of Henry’s time there – it has a strong 18th-century flavor.

– Chiesa di Santa Maria in Vivario

This small church is located just next to la Rocca and though it was closed on the morning we were there, I had been able to visit it some years ago: it contains a tablet with an inscription honoring Cardinal Henry.

– There are countless other traces of Henry all around Frascati: there is the Seminario, a religious building that he helped establish, and then, scattered all over town, there even are several building facades bearing his coat of arms and name for everyone to see; we could have a quick tour of the town by coach and perhaps point to the group a few of such spots (I have notes of all of them and the town is small, so we shall have no problem at all).

In addition to this, members with an interest in the architecture of ancient and great aristocratic mansions might like to have a quick look at the famous Villa Alamandina, which stands on the top of the hill overlooking Frascati: it can easily be reached by coach, and the gardens can be entered with no problems at all. From there you can have a great view of the town as a whole, and you can see lots of traces of how magnificent the place must have been when the Stuarts were around (amazing Versailles-style fountains carved into stones and grottos abound).

– Villa Tuscolana

A beautiful mansion which used to be Cardinal Henry’s summer retreat, and is now a very stylish and beautifully preserved hotel, ideal for an afternoon stop in a striking and historically relevant place with a strong Stuart connection: I would definitely suggest to stop here for a tea and refreshments, thus taking the opportunity to have a good look around (there are lots of historical mementoes within the hotel).

– Collina del Tuscolo (Tusculum Hill)

This would be a very interesting excursion for the group, in a way similar to the striking views from the hills that we enjoyed in Derbyshire during the last gathering when we walked around the countryside. This is in no way going to be tiring, and it consists of driving the coach up to the top of this beautiful hill that is located between the towns of Frascati, Grottaferrata and Monte Porzio Catone. Beside being amazing as a panoramic spot to view the landscape from, the hill is actually an ancient acropolis full of ruins and interesting things to see, and as such the site is easily accessible. There is a parking where we can leave the coach and then we can easily walk among the ancient Roman ruins scattered all around (flanking the ancient Roman amphitheater as well!) and reach the beautiful panoramic point from which your gaze can take in all of the surrounding countryside, showing to everyone what once used to be the so-called Parco di Marino, where the Prince used to disappear for days on end going hunting and shooting and exercising in preparation for his great enterprise. This is a very important place for the Prince’s history and for a flavor of who he was before the ’45.

Unfortunately this hill has been badly damaged last summer due to a sudden fire; but I had enormously enjoyed my excursion to its top just a few years ago on one of my Charlie pilgrimages, and I think that by the time we get to see it in 2014 the vegetation will have recovered somewhat.

I must also stress that this walk is not going to be a challenge for members as there are no steep paths to climb – everything is very much levelled there, and you walk on grass or paths (there is also the ancient Roman road, perfectly preserved, to see!).

ALBANO LAZIALE

(Historical small town, this is another key place for the Stuarts as for more than 30 years James and his family spent the whole summer season here, in another palace lent them by the Pope.) 

Lake of Albano

– One of the beautiful things to see while traveling to Albano by coach is the breathtaking view of the Lake of Albano itself: you can see it easily along the way to the town, and its importance lies in the fact that it was a place Prince Charlie loved very much and where he often went rowing and exercising while preparing his body and mind for the great enterprise. You will be amazed to see how closely it resembles a Scottish loch!

– Palazzo Savelli

Palazzo Savelli, now hosting the local council offices and town hall for the city of Albano, used to be the Stuarts’ summer palace, and King James especially spent more time here than in the Muti Palace. One can easily get into the courtyard during the day and also wander up the stairs (everything is pretty well preserved and almost as it used to be back in the Royal Family’s days) and it is even possible to get into the offices: we did actually enter the various rooms, but in order to be able to see them as they deserve to be seen, we should really ask for permission, being a pretty large group. There is a truly beautiful state room (the Sala del Consiglio) which really deserves to be admired, as it is virtually unchanged from the days when the Stuarts occupied the palace.

– Chiesa di San Pietro

A very beautiful and extremely ancient church, a true medieval gem sporting a fascinating bell tower and an amazing atmosphere of solemnity, very different from the sumptuous decorative style of most of the Roman churches. It is located just across the road from the rear facade of Palazzo Savelli. The Royal family used to worship here as this was the family church of the Savelli Family that once owned the palace. Well worth seeing.

(Of course another possible option for the trip would be a visit to MONTEFIASCONE, the town where James and Queen Clementina got married and spent their honeymoon, but this town falls within the Viterbo province, so it is a bit too far off for us to have time enough to go all the way there (it’s 60 miles from Rome…). However we can discuss this option as well if someone is interested.)

This is for the places themselves; for what concerns the intricacies of the trip, these are some of my first thoughts:

– I suggest that we enlist Dr. Edward Corp’s help for the visit to Palazzo Muti as he is THE specialist on the Palazzo and the Stuart court there: he has written many studies on the subject and recently published a new extensive work on it (“The Stuarts in Italy”), so we can safely assume he might be interested in acting as a guide for us there.

– I have also enlisted Mary Jane Cryan’s help in the trip organization: she is a knowledgeable American lady who’s been living in Italy for more than 30 years, and is currently based in Vetralla, between Rome and Viterbo. She is an expert on Cardinal Henry’s life in Italy and has published an excellent book on the subject, consisting of the transcription and translation of a first-hand testimony that she herself unearthed from the British Library – the journal of one of the cardinal’s valets. The book is titled “Travels to Tuscany and Northern Lazio” – here’s a link:

http://www.elegantetruria.com/book/travels-to-tuscany-northern-lazio/

I would like her to give us a short talk on the book and the research work behind it, perhaps after dinner on one of our evenings?

We also need to be working on the matter of ensuring smooth and swift transportation throughout the trip – as the traffic problem is particularly crucial with regards to Rome and its environs, we are planning the thing very carefully (coach with the possibility of perhaps covering a very short distance by train, if needed) and will let you know more about our findings.

And of course I will be more than glad for any help and advice that David, Muriel, Steve and other members will give us!

I hope I haven’t bored you too much – please feel free to comment, add, discuss, suggest, criticize, etc. As mentioned, I have a word version of this report almost ready for perusal and featuring pictures of every single spot, so let me know if you need any further details and of course, ask me anything you need to know.

I am really looking forward to carrying on with the work for what I am sure will be an amazing trip for all of us!

I take the opportunity to wish all of you all the best for the upcoming holiday season and for a great 2013 from “o’er the water” – a Merry Christmas to you all!

(and of course, Tandem Triumphans).

Yours, Benedicta

The Highlands of Scotland in 1750

The Highlands of Scotland in 1750 by Bruce (presumed) and Andrew Lang (W. Blackwood & sons, 1898). From MS 104 in the King’s Library in the British Museum. Bruce, an official under Government, who, in 1749, was employed to Survey the forfeited and other estates in the Highlands (see the Clan Map [very large]). This Bruce also appears as a “Court Trusty,” or Secret Service man, who accompanies the spy, Pickle, to Scotland, in 1754.

Clan Map of Scotland

Clan Map

 

 

The Trial of Æneas Mac Donald, Banker to the Pretender at Paris

Æneas MacDonald, brother to Kinlochmoidart, the Paris Banker and one of the Seven Men of Moidart. Unfortunately, he was an unwilling participant in the rebellion and eventually “sold out” to the Duke of Newcastle on Oct. 26th, 1746. He did not die in the French Revolution, as many books report. The 1747 pamphlet The Trial of Æneas Mac Donald, Banker to the Pretender at Paris describes his trial on Thursday, December 10, 1747, at St. Margaret’s-Hill, Southwark, Surrey. A copy is at Armadale Castle.At Armadale Castle

Identification of a precious Jacobite manuscript

The Scotsman  30 Dec 2006

Comparison with Lockhart (The Lockhart Papers, Vol 2, pp 479-510)

English Summary: A CHANCE visit to a London gallery by Tim Roberton of the Moidart Local History Group has led to the identification of a precious Jacobite manuscript as the work of the leading Gaelic poet Alexander MacDonald (c. 1698-1770). An account of the ’45, written in English, it belongs to the Drambuie Collection, part of which is now on show at the National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh.

THA i a’ toirt iomradh air an là a thàinig am Prionnsa Teàrlach Eideard Stiùbhart gu tìr an Alba. Tha i a’ toirt sealladh pearsanta iongantach air ar-a-mach nan Seumasach suas gu Latha Chùil Lodair fhèin. Tha i nas prìseile ann an dòigh na obair-ealain sam bith bhon linn sin. Ach fad 190 bliadhna cha robh fios aig sgoilearan gun robh an làmh-sgrìobhainn luachmhor seo fhathast ann am bith, ged a chaidh i ‘na pàirt de Chruinneachadh Drambuie, a tha ri fhaicinn a-nis ann an taisbeanadh ann an Dùn Èideann.

Chaidh lethbhreac de leabhar-latha le “Oifigear Gaidhealach ann an arm a’ Phrionnsa” fhoillseachadh ann an 1817 anns na Lockhart Papers. Bha e on uair sin air aon de na prìomh theacsaichean do sgoilearan eachdraidh na h-ar-a-mach. Ge-tà, bha sgoilearan riamh air tòir na làmh-sgrìobhainn tùsail, agus an-uiridh leag dithis duine sùil air làmh-sgrìobhainn anns a’ chruinneachadh aig Drambuie, a bha ga thaisbeanadh ann an Gailearaidh Fleming ann an Lunnainn, ‘s bha aon dhiubh an amharas gur e an aon leabhar-latha a nochd am measg phàipearan Lockhart. Tha Tim Roberton o Chomann Eachdraidh Mhùideirt a’ mìneachadh: “Bha mi fhèin ‘s mo bhean a’ tadhal air a’ Ghailearaidh. Chunna mi an leabhar-latha seo agus leum na faclan ‘Ceann Loch Mùideart’ a-mach ás an duilleig – tha taigh againn an-sin anns am bi sinn a’ fuireach bho àm gu àm.

“As dèidh dhomh faighneachd dhen duine a bha a’ coimhead as dèidh Cruinneachadh Drambuie, fhuair mi a-mach gun robh fear air an robh Stuart Kendall a’ faighneachd mun aon leabhar ‘s gun robh esan air dealbhan a thogail de gach duilleig dheth. Bhruidhinn sinn ri chèile agus dh’aontaich sinn gun toireadh muinntir a’ chomainn sùil air na duilleagan ‘s gun dèanamaid coimeas eadar an làmh-sgrìobhainn aig Drambuie agus an leabhar-latha mar a nochd e anns na Lockhart Papers.

“Fhuair sinn gun robh eadar-dhealachaidhean beaga an-siud ‘s an-seo, mar litreachadh, no rudan beaga a dhìth, ach gun robh ‘n dà sgrìobhainn cho coltach ri chèile ‘s gun robh sinn cha mhòr cinnteach gur e an làmh-sgrìobhainn tùsail de leabhar-latha Lockhart a bh’ ann.”

A rèir coltais cheannaich an companaidh Drambuie e ann an 1993 an uair a chaidh stuth bho Chaisteal Fingask a reic aig rup. Sann leis na Threiplands a tha an caisteal. Tha làrach-lìn a’ chomainn eachdraidh a’ mìneachadh: “Tha e air a chlàradh gun tàinig na Threiplands an toiseach gu Fingask aig deireadh na 16mh linn. Dà linn as dèidh sin, cheumnaich an Dotair Stuart Threipland bho Roinn Eòlas-Leighis Oilthigh Dhùn Èideann ann an 1742. Chaill athair – Sir David Threipland – an oighreachd aige, Fingask, as dèidh na h-ar-a-mach ann an 1715 … agus mar sin cha b’e cùis iongnaidh a bh’ ann gun deach an Dotair Stuart Threipland ‘na chomhairliche-leighis dhan Phrionnsa ann an 1745. Bha e còmhla ris a’ Phrionnsa eadar Derby ‘s Cùil Lodair agus an uair sin chaidh e am falach mus do theich e dhan Fhraing.”

Bha ceangal làidir cuideachd aig na Lockharts, aig an robh na pàipearan, ri iomairt a’ Phrionnsa. Bha Seòras Lockhart ann an arm a’ Phrionnsa mar aide-de-camp, ‘s bha Anthony Aufrere, a dh’fhoillsich na Lockhart Papers, pòst’ aig boireannach aig an robh dlùth chàirdeas do Sheòras.

Tha sgoilearan air a bhith dhen bheachd air son iomadh bliadhna gur e am bàrd ainmeil Alastair mac Mhaighstir Alastair a sgrìobh na nochd sna Lockhart Papers. A rèir Raghnaill MhicilleDhuibh se làmh-sgrìobhainn air leth inntinneach agus prìseil a th’ ann. “Chan eil an teagamh as lugha agamsa nach e mac Mhgr Alastair a sgrìobh an leabhar tha seo. Tha luchd-eòlais mar Iain Latharna Caimbeul aonaichte mu dheidhinn sin o chuir Compton MacCoinnich a chorrag air a’ chùis ann an 1932. Bha fios againn bho na Lockhart Papers gun deach sgrìobhadair an leabhair ‘na fhear-teagaisg Gàidhlig dhan Phrionnsa ‘s bha seo coltach ris a’ bhàrd oir bha e ‘na mhaighstir-sgoile agus sgrìobh e an aon fhaclair Gàidhlig a bha ri fhaotainn aig an àm.

“Seo a-nis an dearbhadh cinnteach gur e am bàrd a sgrìobh e. Tha sinn eòlach air an làimh aige bho iomadh litir agus receipt ris na chuir e ainm, agus seo i! Chan e sin a-mhàin, ach anns an dara loidhne mu dheireadh den chiad duilleig chì sinn ‘my Brother’ ri taobh ‘Æneas Macdonald of Dalely’. Cha do nochd ‘my Brother’ sna Lockhart Papers oir chaidh a dhubhadh ás. Nist, cha robh aig Aonghas Beag, Fear Dhail Eilghe, ach dà bhràthair – Alastair am bàrd, agus Lachlann aig an robh taca Dhrèamasdail ann an Uibhist a-Deas. Tha sin a’ toirt na roghainn a-nuas gu dithist!

“Tha mi uabhasach toilichte mu dheidhinn na thachair oir anns na 70an thug mi greis a’ siubhal an leabhair seo ann an Oxford agus àiteachan eile. Bha mi air mo dhòchas a chall. A-nise gabhaidh eachdraidh beatha a’ bhàird a sgrìobhadh gu ceart.”

Tha ceist no dhà ri fhreagairt fhathast, a rèir Mhgr Roberton. Ciamar a fhuair na Threiplands greim air an làmh-sgrìobhainn? Dè cho fad ‘s a bha i aig na Lockharts a rinn lethbhreac dhith? Ciamar a fhuair iad an leabhar on ùghdar?

Tha dà rud cinnteach ge-tà. Tha leabhar-là cho cudromach ri làmh-sgrìobhainn sam bith o linn Bliadhna Theàrlaich air a bhith sa Chruinneachadh aig Drambuie gun fhiosd dhaib’ fhèin fad iomadh bliadhna – ‘s gu fortanach a-nis tha e aithnichte mar chunntas a sgrìobh Alastair Mac Mhaighstir Alastair.

Tha pàirt dhen chruinneachadh aig Drambuie ri fhaicinn ann an Gailearaidh Nàiseanta nan Dealbhan Daoine ann an Dùn Èideann. A rèir neach-labhairt on Ghailearaidh chan eil an làmh-sgrìobhainn am measg nan glainneachan fìnealta ‘s nan dealbhan grinn a tha iad a’ taisbeanadh an-dràsta, ach thuirt e gu robh iad an dòchas barrachd dhen chruinneachadh a shealltainn an uair a bhios crìoch air a cur air obair-leasachaidh a thèid a dhèanamh air a’ Ghailearaidh ann an ùine nach bi fada.

Ma sibh ag iarraidh an còrr fhaicinn agus barrachd a leughadh mu obair Chomann Eachdraidh Mùideart, thoiribh sùil air www.moidart.org.uk.

ISTORIA Di Sua Altezza Reale IL PRINCIPE CARLO ODOARDO STUART DI GALLES

ItalianoISTORIA Di Sua Altezza Reale IL PRINCIPE CARLO ODOARDO STUART DI GALLES CONCERNENTE Le Avventure, e le Disgrazie accaduteli in Scozia l’anno 1746. IN MILANO, MDCCLX (1760). Nella Stamperia di Giovanni Montano in Strada Nuova vicino al Verzaro.