IN THE ARMY OF
PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD STUART
10 October, 1745, to 21 April, 1746.
As of today, January 1st, 2019, this is now in the public domain.
IN THE ARMY OF
PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD STUART
10 October, 1745, to 21 April, 1746.
As of today, January 1st, 2019, this is now in the public domain.
On Saturday 20th January 2018 the 1745 Association held a number of events in Falkirk to recall and commemorate the Battle of Falkirk which was fought on 17th January 1746. In the morning two presentations were given at the Trinity Old Parish Church Hall attended by about 45 members and locals. Firstly the Chairman, Mike Nevin, gave a most interesting and informative account of the battle and stated his view that the Prince himself played a significant hand in its successful outcome for the Jacobites. Secondly, member Glen MacDonald shed light on the death of Young Glengarry, 2nd son of the 12th Chief of the MacDonells, who was accidentally shot on the High Street in Falkirk on the day after the battle and subsequently died in agony three days later. Glen relayed the story and explained the impact that this tragic event had on morale in the Highland regiments, its contribution towards strategic events following the battle and why he had been so keen to ensure that the unfortunate Young Glengarry is not forgotten. Following this Ranald MacDonell of Glengarry, 23rd Chief, present along with his wife Carolyn, Lady Glengarry, laid a wreath at the tomb of Young Glengarry outside the church followed by a haunting lament by piper Sandy MacDonell. Next, the party was piped to the archway giving access to the High Street where Glengarry gave a moving speech about the accidental shooting and death of his ancestor and then unveiled a splendid new plaque erected by the the 1745 Association to cast some light on this story and record that Young Glengarry was shot, died and is buried all within 30 yards of the location of this new plaque. The group then moved off to the Nearby Howgate Shopping Centre for a snack lunch and an opportunity to view a fine set of three stain glass windows depicting the three Jacobite leaders at the time of the battle – Bonnie Prince Charlie, Lord George Murray and Lord Drummond. A coach then whisked all up to the battlefield where Geoff Bailey, author of the definite account of the battle “Falkirk or Paradise” gave an excellent, if rather snowy and muddy, battlefield tour taking in the opportunity to see new interpretative information display boards and posts which tell the story of the battle for visitors. These have been installed following a collaborative project initiated and led by the Association’s chairman Mike Nevin. The tour ended at the Canada Kitchen cafe where a memorial bench was unveiled in memory of the Association’s late, much loved and greatly missed editor of “The Jacobite”, Brian Whiting. The occasion proved to be very poignant – particularly when brought to a close by piper Sandy MacDonell’s fabulous piping of a series of tunes, including a number by The Corries which had all been Brian’s favourites. All in all a full and great day out for members of the 1745 Association involving an enjoyable combination of history, socialising, piping and commemoration. Some photos from the day are shown below here. Post by Glen MacDonald
Close up of the plaque and its wording telling the story of the death of Young Glengarry.
I have a spare copy of the above if anybody would like it for the cost of postage from New Zealand? Bought what I thought was a single copy at auction and then two copies arrived. A couple of small dents on the cover, wrinkling at bottom perhaps due to being wet at one stage in the past – plus smells a little musty. But otherwise in good condition! If you would like it, please email me on email@example.com
(Hanmer Springs, New Zealand)
On Saturday 3rd June 2017 six members of the 1745 Association set out with backpacks, walking boots and waterproofs on an expedition to Ben Alder by Loch Ericht in the Highlands of Scotland to identify a possible location for the famous “Cluny’s cage”. This was the secret habitation where Cluny Macpherson concealed Charles Edward Stuart and others in September 1746 in the days immediately before a ship returned him to France following the Battle of Culloden and his subsequent period as a hunted fugitive in the Highlands and Islands. Although accounts from the period have given us a description of the cage as a concealed timber constructed and thatched habitation nestling under a rock face with a natural stone hearth and fireplace somewhere in the high wilderness of Ben Alder overlooking Loch Ericht, it seems that there has never been absolute certainty as to its exact location and a number of possibilities have been suggested and even marked on various maps over the years.
Having driven and then walked into this very remote area, the 1745 Association search team based themselves at Ben Alder Cottage Bothy on the west side of Loch Ericht before splitting into smaller groups to climb the hills and corries in the vicinity in search of likely possible locations for the famous “Cluny’s cage”. Accompanied by Glen MacDonald and Jim King, Steve Lord revisited the position where he believed the cage to have been from his previous visit to the area prior to writing his excellent book “Walking with Charlie”. Having concluded that, although a possible contender, for various the place did not entirely match the descriptions from contemporary accounts (most notably from the “Lyon in Mourning”) the trio set off back towards Ben Alder cottage. After short while Glen looked upwards with binoculars and spotted a place high on the steep and rocky slopes of the Ben Alder mass beneath the Sgairneach Mhor summit that looked more promising. There was just time to climb to it before the appointed R/V back at the Bothy and so he and Jim decided to tackle the high slopes in order to investigate further. After an arduous and exhausting climb up steep slopes and over rocks and boulders , they arrived at the lip of a craggy, heather covered platform nestling beneath a high vertical cliff approximately 650 meters above sea level. To their surprise, excitement and delight it quickly became apparent that this place matches the basis of those contemporary account descriptions.
In particular the niche is concealed from view from below, overlooks Loch Ericht and provides a commanding view of the surrounding areas to the south and west and across the south end of Loch Ericht. Most interesting also was the fact that at the rear of the flat area upon which the Cage might have stood were two enormous rocks leaning inwards against each other and topped with a capstone forming a natural fireplace above which smoke could have risen through a series of natural stone channel chimneys and then lost from view and totally dissipated against the vertical cliffs to the rear. In this way it is known that tell-tale smoke from fires for cooking and heat from the cage were concealed from possible redcoat patrols in the glen below. This all matches descriptions from contemporary accounts. Furthermore, the underside of the stones in this natural rock hearth have a dark blackened appearance suggesting that a fire may indeed have burned there at some time – although certainly not in recent times or years. Although the place nowadays has no trees, which seems contrary to the description of the cage as being concealed in a “thicket of trees”, it is seemingly well known that the area had many more trees in the mid 18th century than it now does.
Has the 1745 Association therefore found the true location of “Cluny’s Cage” where Bonnie Prince Charlie was concealed in 1746? Who knows? Possibly! Whilst others may perhaps have discovered other likely locations, the 1745 Association believes that it has found a strong contender that ticks many of the boxes suggested to us by contemporary accounts. The association will now consider what further research or archaeology may be required and/or feasible and affordable in order to establish this beyond reasonable doubt. To be continued……………!!
Bannockburn House, in Stirlingshire, Scotland, is up for sale and a community trust is trying to raise money to buy and refurbish the huge property
Association Council members Maureen Lipscomb (Secretary) and Glen MacDonald (Vice Chairman) attended the annual Duncan Johnstone Memorial Piping Competition at the National Piping Centre in Glasgow on Saturday 19th March 2016. The 1745 Association originally donated the trophy for the winner of the March, Strathspey and Reel section of the competition about 15 years ago. Having spent a very pleasant afternoon listening to the various competitors piping in the Piobaireachd, Jig and March, Strathspey and Reel categories, Glen MacDonald was delighted to have the honour of presenting the 1745 Association Trophy to this year’s winner, a young and very talented piper by the name of Connor Sinclair. Connor also won the competition in 2015 and is personal piper to the former SNP leader and Scottish First Minister, Alex Salmond.
Plans to stop Culloden Battlefield – a war grave for thousands of Jacobite soldiers – from being swamped by housing developments has been approved.
A modern-day war at Culloden was launched after a 16-home development about 400 yards from the official site was last year granted by the Scottish Government, despite worldwide objections.
Falkirk or Paradise? Commemorating the 270th anniversary of the Battle of Falkirk.
Callendar House, Falkirk, Saturday, January 16th 2016.
“Tonight we shall lie either in Falkirk or in Paradise”
– reported words of Lord George Murray, General of the Jacobite Army, January 17th 1746
Falkirk, the forgotten battle…..the penultimate battle fought on British soil…. the final Jacobite triumph, yet a pyrrhic victory which left Prince Charlie’s forces severely depleted…..
270 years after the battle was fought, The 1745 Association is organising a free event to remember what happened on that day.
Midday: Those who wish to enjoy The Prince’s Dinner before the Main Event will gather in the Green Room, Callendar House, where, on September 14th 1745, Prince Charles Edward Stuart dined with the Earl of Kilmarnock.
1:30 PM: Green Room: Welcome and Introduction to Callendar House and the Earl of Kilmarnock during the ‘45 (Michael Nevin).
2:00 PM: The group will depart for a guided tour of the Battle of Falkirk by Geoff Bailey, author of Falkirk or Paradise (1996), the authoritative account of the events leading up to the battle and the course of the battle itself.
3:45 PM: Return by way of Falkirk Parish Church, to pay our respects to the graves of Hanoverian and Jacobite officers who fell at Falkirk.
4:30 PM: Return to Callendar House for a warming cup of tea, coffee or mulled wine, with bannock / scones.
5:00 PM: Close.
Note that the Main Event from 1:30 PM to 5:00 PM is free, but places are limited by capacity and will be allocated on a “first-come, first-served” basis. Bookings should be made through the Council Member organising the event, Michael Nevin, either by e-mail on:
or by phone on:
0782 4829 445
stating whether the booking is for The Main Event from 1:30 PM onwards, or whether you also like to book for The Prince’s Dinner at midday.
Many thanks to those members who turned out at Sheriffmuir in fairly dreadful weather on Friday 13 November to commemorate the Tercentenary of the Battle of Sheriffmuir at a joint event held in conjunction with the Association of Highland Clans & Societies (AHCS) and the Clan MacRae Society. Approximately 90 people attended from all three organisations with Jamie Erskine, the current Earl of Mar and Kellie and a direct descendant of the 6th Earl who lead the Jacobite army that day in 1715, as a principal guest. After a short ceremony and speech and a lament at the large Clan MacRae monument to remember those of that clan who fell in the battle, the focus shifted to the nearby 1745 Association cairn and plaque. The Rev Bob Harley then conducted a very moving service which included prayers, the singing of the 23rd Psalm, the reading of his poem “Allan Water” about the battle by James King and the laying of two wreaths by Council Member Mike Niven on behalf of The 1745 Association, and by John Nichols of the Northumbrian ’15 Society, followed by a lament entitled “Lament for the Children” by the Clan MacRae Piper, Jimi MacRae. Thereafter those able and willing trudged across the moor through mud, bogs and puddles to the Gathering Stone on the battlefield where a third commemorative event took place arranged by the ACHS at which our President, Brigadier John Macfarlane, read selected verses in both Gaelic and English from a moving poem of the time about the battle. Wreaths were then laid by the Earl of Mar and Kellie and several clan chiefs and representatives from a number of other clans and organisations, and the piper completed the proceedings with a third lament. Following the muddy trudge back to the road all were then ferried back by coach to the Sheriffmuir Inn to dry out and warm themselves through over afternoon tea and cakes. Although the weather was cold, windy and wet, in a strange way many present felt that it made them better appreciate the conditions endured by those who fought that day in 1715. All in all a very successful, worthwhile and poignant commemorative event. I attach some photos of the day.
THE BATTLE OF SHERIFFMUIR
On this moor on 13 November 1715, a Jacobite army composed largely of
Highlanders under the command of the Earl of Mar met a Hanoverian army
consisting mainly of regular British soldiers under the Duke of Argyll,
at what has become known as the Battle of Sheriffmuir.
The result was indecisive but Mar’s failure to take advantage of Argyll’s
weakened position in the closing stages of the conflict and subsequent withdrawal
from the field contributed to the failure of the Rising – known as “The Fifteen” –
in favour of the restoration of the exiled King James VIII (the “Old Chevalier ).
ERECTED BY THE 1745 ASSOCIATION
Updated research proposal. (Protected page for research members only.)
The Prisoners of the ’45 Volumes 1, 2, and 3. (1928)
Sir Bruce Gordon Seton and Jean Gordon Arnot
These have been transcribed (in Microsoft Word 2010 and zipped into one file) but not edited. Ready for digitising and adding to the database.
Transcribed from the Scottish History Society post (using ABBYY FineReader 11 ):
A Jacobite Miscellany download.
This book is, for me, a work of art. It is large and beautifully printed.
A Jacobite miscellany. Eight original papers on the rising of 1745-1746.
Arrangements are now all in place for the “tri venue” commemorative event at Sheriffmuir on Fri 13 Nov and I am emailing you all now to let you have the relevant details in advance.
Firstly, although I am still awaiting confirmation of the final Nos in one group, I believe that there will be at least 20 people in our party comprising mostly 1745 Association members plus one or two guests including, most notably, John and Elizabeth Nichols from the Northumbrian ’15 Society. As far as I can work out I think that 15 of us are intending to repair to the Sheriffmuir Inn on completion for afternoon tea, so that should all be very convivial.
As a reminder there will also be approximately 60 others attending from the various affiliated clans of the Association of Highland Clans and Societies (AHCS), as well as a separate, distinct group from the Clan MacRae. In all therefore there should be about 80 of us which will be a good turnout. It is also of note that James Erskine, the current Earl of Mar, will also be attending as a guest of the ACHS.
Please remember that there is no parking at the battle site cairns, and everyone should meet and park their cars at the Sheriffmuir Inn, FK15 0LN, before 1.30 pm. (Indeed any vehicles parked at the very small layby next to the cairns will prove very awkward and inconvenient as there will be limited space for the numbers present on foot). Toilet facilities will be available in the Inn for those who, as we say in the Royal Navy, may wish to take the “seamanlike precaution” of “easing springs” in advance of battle! The first shuttle bus will leave from the Inn at around 1320. Buses will shuttle people the mile or so, down to the cairns ready to start the Commemoration at 1400.
There is some talk amongst ACHS members of marching down the road from the Inn to the cairns, although at the time of e mailing I am not entirely sure if this will take place or not, and I daresay will depend upon the weather. If this takes place I am sure that any of you who wished to join this march would be welcome to do so, but may wish to arrive slightly earlier for this.
As previously mentioned the intention will be to hold three commemorative events in succession commencing at the Clan MacRae cairn, followed by a second one at our 1745 Association cairn only a few meters along the road. Bob Harley has very kindly agreed to write and conduct a short service for our part of the proceedings which will include a few appropriate words, prayers and the reading of a poem about the battle, followed buy the laying of a wreath from the 1745 Association and the playing of a lament by a piper from the Clan MacRae. Bob will provide a printed Order of Service on the day. (Don’t forget your specs!)
For John Nichols – John, we are very pleased that you and Elizabeth will be with us and would of course be delighted to include provision in the proceedings for you to lay a wreath on behalf of the Northumbrian ’15 Society if you wish to. Alternatively you may prefer to lay a wreath at the Gathering Stone. You can let us know in due course, or on the day.
Thereafter, for those wishing and able to make the walk across the muir on the battlefield itself, the ACHS will conduct a third commemorative event at the Gathering Stone at which a number of representatives will lay wreaths from various clans and societies etc. This event will also include the reading of an appropriate poem in Gaelic by our own President, Brigadier John Macfarlane, as well as a further lament by the piper. Please remember to wear suitable footwear for the walk up onto the muir where the going, depending on the weather, may be wet and muddy or icy.
All in all this should be a very enjoyable and interesting event. Thereafter we will walk back to the roadside area where the shuttle bus will take us back in groups to the Sheriffmuir Inn for afternoon tea and/or to be reunited with our cars, as appropriate.
For those partaking of afternoon tea this has been booked for you and the cost will be £6 per person, for which I understand we will (each!) be offered tea, a scone and a piece of cake! Please bring exact money for the numbers in your group as I will collect £6 per head from each of you in order to pass the correct amount of money to the ACHS who will then settle the bill on behalf of all three groups. Providing change in return for £10 or £20 notes may not be possible.
I am very keen that we capture this event in photographs so that we can then post them on our website and possibly also in a future 1745 Association E mail Newsletter. Whilst I will take some photos myself, it would therefore be appreciated if some of those present might also bring a camera and subsequently e mail any good digital images to me for these purposes.
Finally I note the following message from the ACHS e mail to their members which may be of interest:
“Nicholas Maclean-Bristol will be attending the Commemoration and there is a chapter on the Maclean involvement in the battle, along with the lead up to the battle and its aftermath, in his book ‘Castor and Pollux’. If people have not got a copy, and contact him [firstname.lastname@example.org], he will bring copies on 13th November. The cost of the book [a big reduction] is £15.
Nicholas also has copies of his ‘Inhabitants of the Inner Isles, Morvern and Ardnamurchan, 1716’, published by the Scottish Record Society, which lists all the people living on Mull and the area, by name, and whether or not they were involved in the 1715 Rising. These are available at £10 each [again a good reduction].”
I hope that all of the above information is clear. However, if anyone has any particular queries or issues then please don’t hesitate to e mail me back. Meantime, thank you very much for your willingness to attend this event I very much look forward to seeing you all on the day. Many thanks.
Just watched The Stuarts in Exile on BBC 4 (2100 28 Oct) Covered the period 1688 to 1715. Quite well done in my opinion. On iplayer no doubt for some time.
There will be at least one more episode, maybe more. Worth watching
Andrew Gower (“The Village,” “A.D. The Bible Continues”) has been cast as Prince Charles Edward Stuart in the new season, Variety has confirmed. When Charles Stuart isn’t carousing with his Jacobite supporters, the young heir to the exiled Catholic royal dynasty is plotting his return to the throne. An unlikely leader with an unabashed taste for alcohol and women, Prince Charles is hell-bent on glory — no matter what the cost.
Not only are we not all Celts and Vikings north of the border, it appears that Bonnie Prince Charlie himself had English ancestors.
Around 1,000 people have been tested in the past four months as part of the Scotland’s DNA project, and the preliminary results reveal the “astonishing” diversity of our genetic origins.
Perhaps even more surprising than the ancestry of the Jacobite prince, is the revelation that one per cent of Scotsmen, around 26,000 individuals, are descended from the Berber and Tuareg tribesmen of the Sahara, with a lineage going back 5,600 years.
The project has also found a lost tribe, the Maeatae, who fought the Roman legions in 208AD and seemed to disapper from recorded history in the 8th century. The latest DNA techniques re-discovered them – concentrated in their historic homelands around Stirling.
What’s in a name? There has been something of a drop in membership recently, not significant yet, but if the trend continues it may be cause for some concern. Conventional methods of publicity, i.e. advertising leafleting etc., have thus far failed to attract the numbers we had hoped for, despite all the hard work and energy that has gone into them. Several significant members of the Association, including our President, Chairman Dr Christopher Duffy, and myself have suggested that perhaps we should consider the possibility of a name change, in an effort to clarify what we represent. At present what does our title mean? Is 1745 just a series of numbers with no significance to the average man in the street? Should the word “Jacobite” be included in our name, presenting ourselves as “The 1745 Jacobite Association?” This could be a contentious move. Let me state this, however, “Jacobite Studies” is an accepted part of academia, indeed, “The Jacobite Studies Trust,” has prominent academics like Eveline Cruickshanks and Professor Murray Pittock as trustees. If we inserted the word “Historical” to become “The 1745 Jacobite Historical Association,” somewhat lengthy but would that perhaps give even more indication as to our purpose, studying the Jacobite period of history, and also distancing ourselves from these very “odd groups” who attend Culloden among other places.
The possibility of a name change was debated at the A.G.M. at Connel Ferry, Argyll, having been brought up in the Chairman’s report. No firm decision will be taken until the next A.G.M. in Cumbria, but this will allow both the Council and the membership time to reflect on what is an important issue. Our constitution allows for the Council of our Association to recommend to the membership any item for consideration by members attending the A.G.M. and those attending will have the chance to vote on this possible name change. In view of this fact I would ask all members (particularly those unable to attend the Gathering) to consider this possibility, and contact me with any comments and opinions they may have, after all it is your Association and some things are more important than others. This I would suggest falls into that category.
Le gach deagh dhurachd, Brian, Editor,
Is it time to revise or even remove the national anthem? In particular verse six:
Lord grant that Marshal Wade
May by thy mighty aid
May he sedition hush,
And like a torrent rush,
Rebellious Scots to crush.
God save the Queen!
My dear fellows,
I’ve just spent a couple of days in Pisa for work and even if sadly I had no time to look around for Jacobite related places (the surroundings of the town should be quite full of them since Pisa was one of the favorite holiday destinations of the Stuart brothers in the Sixties and Seventies) I passed in front of an old building with a slab that caught my attention. I have attached some photos of it since I think it could be considered a sort of Jacobite curiosity. The slab says that Count Vittorio Alfieri, the famous Italian dramatist and infamous lover of Queen Louise, was a guest in the house -which is named Palazzo Venera- from november 1784 to july 1785. The fact has awakened memories of mine since there are many letters written by the Duchess of Albany to her uncle telling that exactly during that period Charles was taking the waters in Bagni di Pisa (“bath of Pisa”, a village now called San Giuliano) and during his daily walks in Pisa he very often met the hated Alfieri and each time Charles was terribly annoyed by these encounters… It’s quite sad that there’s a marble slab to remember the few months of Alfieri in Pisa and nothing to remember the many visits the Stuarts paid to the town.
Just to have an idea of what the Stuart holidays in Bagni di Pisa were like, I suggest to give a look to the website of Villa Corliano, one of the residences used by the Stuarts (now it’s a luxury hotel), of which I also attach some photos retrieved on the net, hoping sooner or later to have the occasion to take some pictures myself.
Below photos of Villa Corliano, one of the residences of the Stuarts in Pisa
As you may know this year will see the 300th anniversary of the Battle of Sheriffmuir on Friday 13th November. The battle of Sheriffmuir, the site of which is near Dunblane in Scotland, was a significant and fateful event in the history of the 1715 Jacobite Rising and some years ago the 1745 Association erected a commemorative cairn and plaque close to the battlefield. A picture of the cairn may be viewed on our website.
The 1745 Association is currently planning a commemorative event to take place at the battle-site on Friday 13th November in conjunction with the Association of Highland Clans & Societies (AHCS) and the Clan MacRae Society, who also have a cairn at the battle-site. Representatives will also be present from the “The 15” Northumbrian Jacobite Society. Members of the 1745 Association are therefore invited to attend what promises to be an interesting, poignant and sociable commemorative event.
The outline plan is to gather at the Sheriffmuir Inn a mile or so from the battle-site by 13:30 that day where cars may be parked, and then board shuttle mini-buses to the battle-site (where there is little or no parking available). At 14:00 the Clan MacRae will hold a short commemorative and wreath laying event at their cairn followed by a similar event at our own adjacent 1745 Association cairn. Those present will then be invited to walk the short distance to the “Gathering Stone” on the battlefield (a ten minute walk over paths and some rough ground requiring stout footwear!) where the AHCS will lay wreaths on behalf of their member clans. A piper will be present throughout and will play at each event. On completion all will return to the roadside and re-board the mini-buses to be shuttled back to the Sheriffmuir Inn for afternoon tea at 16:00.
AHCS have very kindly agree to pay for the mini buses but members wishing to attend will be asked to pay a small fee for afternoon tea if they wish to stay for this. As the logistics of the transport and the tea depend upon the numbers attending it is requested that any members who wish to attend contact Glen MacDonald by e mail no later than Tuesday 20th October in order to reserve a place . Glen may be contacted by e mail to: email@example.com.
If you ever wanted to take part in a movie about the 1745 rising, now is your chance.
Production News: 500 EXTRAS WANTED for CULLODEN BATTLE SCENES
Feature Film: The Great Getaway
Culloden Battle scenes
English actor Jamie Bacon, who has never been to Scotland, is to play the lead role in a film about Bonnie Prince Charlie.
The Great Getaway will follow the Young Pretender’s escape across the Western Isles, after defeat at Culloden in the failed Jacobite rising of 1745.
Having previously appeared in small roles in little-known British indies, this is Bacon’s first major film role. Although previously linked with American actor Jake Abel, executive producer Robbie Moffat has said that Bacon would be “perfect” for the part.
Just a reminder that the plaque to the men put to death on Kennington Common will be unveiled at 12:30 on April 25. We hope to see a few of you there . Please attend if you can.
The Battle of Culloden (Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Chùil Lodair) was the final confrontation of the 1745Jacobite Rising. On 16 April 1746, the Jacobite forces of Charles Edward Stuart fought loyalist troops commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands. The Hanoverian victory at Culloden decisively halted the Jacobite intent to overthrow the House of Hanoverand restore the House of Stuart to the British throne; Charles Stuart never mounted any further attempts to challenge Hanoverian power in Great Britain. The conflict was the last pitched battle fought on British soil.
Charles Stuart’s Jacobite army consisted largely of Scottish Highlanders, as well as a number ofLowland Scots and a small detachment of Englishmen from the Manchester Regiment. The Jacobites were supported and supplied by the Kingdom of France and French and Irish units loyal to France were part of the Jacobite army. The British Government (Hanoverian loyalist) forces were mostly English, along with a significant number of Scottish Lowlanders and Highlanders, a battalion ofUlstermen and a small number of Hessians from Germany and Austrians. The battle on Culloden Moor was both quick and bloody, taking place within an hour. Following an unsuccessful Highland charge against the government lines, the Jacobites were routed and driven from the field.
Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites were killed or wounded in the brief battle, while government losses were lighter with 50 dead and 259 wounded, although recent geophysical studies on the government burial pit suggest the figure to be nearer 300. The battle and its aftermath continue to arouse strong feelings: the University of Glasgow awarded Cumberland an honorary doctorate, but many modern commentators allege that the aftermath of the battle and subsequent crackdown onJacobitism were brutal, and earned Cumberland the sobriquet “Butcher”. Efforts were subsequently taken to further integrate the comparatively wild Highlands into the Kingdom of Great Britain; civil penalties were introduced to weaken Gaelic culture and attack the Scottish clan system.
This extremely rare book (which was owned by Lord Rennell of Rodd, K.B.E., C.B) is up for sale on Abebooks and eBay at US$1200. I have completely transcribed this amazing book and have been trying to get the Roxburghe Club to republish it because of its rarity but have made no progress in a couple of years.
A Jacobite Miscellany by Henrietta Tayler published in 1948 by The Roxburghe Club (celebrating their bicentennial in 2012).
A Jacobite Miscellany. Eight Original Papers on the Rising of 1745-1746.
Condition: Collectible, Very Good
Jacket Condition (if present):
Author/Artists: Tayler, Henrietta (editor)
Publisher & year: The Roxburghe Club, 1948
Edition: First Edition
Seller Item ID: Sp428
Notes: Oxford, 1948. Large quarto, 196 pp., quarter polished calf over red cloth. A very scarce Roxburghe Club offering, very finely printed. Finely illustrated, with a frontispiece portrait of Prince Charles Edward and other illustrations. This is an excellent copy with fine contents. Some light shelfwear to boards, corners slightly bumped. This title last appeared at auction at Lyon & Turnbull in 2012. Please contact us for additional pictures or information.
Allan Plant, who is a member of the association, sent me a little brochure advertising Lord Elcho whisky. It is distilled by Wemyss Malts of Edinburgh. As those of you living in Scotland probably know we might be a bit slow on the uptake about whisky in the south of England and I admit I have never come across either this particular whisky or indeed Wemyss Malts before. No doubt someone will pop up and educate me.
It’s not the cheapest blended scotch I have come across. Let’s hope it’s one of the best.
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to you all
We have a member in Queensland called Lawrance Chadwick. He is a presenter on a community radio station called “Noosa”. Lawrance presents a show called “The Tartan Shuttle” from noon until 2pm on Tuesdays. http://www.noosacommunityradio.org/presenters/lawrance-chadwick/
He sent me the following email today. I wonder if it will generate a member or several?
In today’s edition of The Scotsman newspaper, there is an article with the by-line Game of Crowns It relates to a new exhibition at The National Library of Scotland, opening today and running until May 2015. The theme is the build up to the so-called “Glorious Revolution,” the union of 1707, the 1715 Rising, with a brief inclusion of the Rising of 1745
One of the more significant exhibits is the actual order given to Robert Campbell of Glen Lyon, which led to the massacre at Glencoe. The involvement of The Master of Stair is a fascinating insight to the “skull-duggery” of 17th/18th century politics which directly affected modern history.
The title of the exhibition is very apt and if anyone happens to be in Edinburgh at this time, particularly those of a Jacobite persuasion, a visit to The National Library of Scotland is a must.
Brian A, Whiting.
10 December to 10 May
Monday to Friday: 10.00-20.00
See also: Festive season opening hours
I received three reels of microfilm containing letters (many signed) and documents pertaining to the Stuart Papers collected by Denys Eyre Bower. In time, I will scan these to PDF and, given permission, publish some of the more interesting ones. Following, is a list of what is on the reels:
Contents – Reel 1
(Approximate number of letters)
Mary, Queen of Scots 1
James I 8
Charles I 20
Charles II 26
James II 15
William III 8
James III 8
Charles III 11
Victor I (Including Newspaper cuttings,
twentieth century telegrams, etc.)
Charles II 18
James II 3
William & Mary 2
William III 5
Contents – Reel 2
James I 2
Charles I 6
Charles II 80
James II 7
William III 21
James III 13
Contents – Reel 3
Continuation of State Papers from Reel 2.
Henry, Cardinal of York 30
(Supplementary to the above
Charles I 3
Charles II 7
4 and 5
Letters of the Sobieski Stuarts, together with bound manuscripts in the sequence in which they appear on the film.
(Hippisley was responsible for initiating the negotiations with the Duchess of Albany’s Executors in Rome for the purchase of the Main Collection of Stuart Papers, on behalf of the Prince of Wales.
These papers are now in the Royal Archives at Windsor Castle, and are available complete on Microfilm, from Micro Methods Ltd.)
These papers have been microfilmed by courtesy of Mr. Denys Eyre Bower, from his private collection at Chiddingstone Castle, Kent, written authority must be obtained from Mr. Bower to quote from, reproduce, or publish any material on the film.
Mr. Denys Eyre Bower started the collection in the 1920’s. It is now the largest collection of its kind in private hands and forms a valuable supplement, though strictly modest compared with that fantastic collection, to the Windsor Stuart Papers. Indeed many documents in Mr. Bower’s collection originally formed part of the Windsor Stuart archives which were separated from the main collection by various circumstances. The letters of the Chevalier Watson in the early 19th century describe in some detail the purchase of the Windsor papers for the de facto occupant of the Crown. The collection consists of many hundreds of documents and letters signed by the Stuart Kings and Queens from Mary Queen of Scots to the later exiled monarchy and their hereditary heirs to modern times, together with their adherents and a few of their opponents where history demands.
An interesting section includes the spurious Sobieski Stuarts of the 19th century whose claims were accepted by many people of note in Scotland and elsewhere.
1969 – 70
In September attendees of the Annual Gathering visited Scalan in the Braes of Glenlivet. For much of the 18th century, the college at Scalan was one of the few places in Scotland where young men were trained to be priests. From 1717 to 1799, over a hundred were trained despite the place being burned to the ground in 1746 by soldiers under the command of Cumberland.
Since that visit I have been contacted by Fr Michael Briody who is the secretary of the Scalan Association. Fr Briody sent me a copy of a booklet he has recently published. It is entitled “Some account of the state of the Catholic Religion in Scotland during the years 1745, 1746 and 1747”.
The booklet runs to 14 pages of text and maps and is primarily a transcript of the original document (with the same title) written in 1794 by Bishop John Geddes. The document recalls Bishop John’s memories of the ’45 and its aftermath for the Catholic Community. Fr Briody has added footnotes and an introduction
The booklet is available from Fr Briody, St Michael’s Church, 133 Glenmanor Ave., Moodiesburn, Glasgow, G69 0DL. The cost is a mere £3.00 (inc postage in UK). Please make cheques payable to The Rev Michael Briody. Any money raised will go to reducing the debt owed for the new church of St Michael so if you can see your way to including a donation as well I am sure Fr Briody will be grateful.
In July, August and November 1746 a total of seventeen men were put to death by hanging at the scaffold erected on Kennington Common in London. The men held a variety of ranks and levels of authority and some were Scots and some English. In life they had all been supporters of Prince Charles Edward Stuart during the Rising of 1745/46.
Sixteen of the men are buried in unmarked graves in St George’s Gardens which is just off Gray’s Inn Road and not far from King’s Cross railway station. Unfortunately, the exact location of their remains is not known but as one of the aims of the 1745 Association is to mark the places connected to the rising I am sure members will be pleased to know that this is about to come to fruition. A ground plaque will shortly be unveiled in the gardens to remember the men buried there. The seventeenth was Francis Towneley who was Colonel of the Manchester regiment and his body is buried at St Pancras Old Church not far away.
Nine were members of the Manchester Regiment: Francis Towneley (Col.), Lieutenant John Berwick, Captain Andrew Blood, Captain James Bradshaw, Lieutenant Thomas Deacon, Captain George Fletcher, Lieutenant Thomas Chadwick, Captain James Dawson and Adjutant Thomas Siddall or Syddall. Bradshaw transferred to the Lifeguards –Elcho’s from the Manchester Regt and was captured after Culloden.
Others were John Hamilton of Sandstoun, (Governor of Carlisle), Sir John Wedderburn, 5th Baronet of Blackness (Ogilvy’s Regiment), Captain Andrew Wood, (John Roy Stuart’s Regiment), Captain David Morgan, (Barrister at Law), Captain Donald MacDonald of Kinlochmoidart (Keppoch’s Regiment), Lt Walter Ogilvie, (Lord Lewis Gordon’s Regiment), Captain Alexander Leith, (Glenbuchat’s Regiment) and Lt James Nicholson (Gadd’s Coy -Perth’s Regiment).
The plaque is made of slate with unpainted letters, in keeping with the ambience of the gardens and the text will read:-
In Memory of The Officers and Gentlemen of the Army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart who were executed on Kennington Common in July, August and November 1746.
Nine of the Manchester Regiment and seven Scots are buried here. Francis Towneley, Colonel of the Manchester Regiment lies in the churchyard of Old St Pancras church.
The 1745 Association
The date of the unveiling of the plaque is not yet known. At the time of writing final permission has been granted and the plaque is ordered. Once the plaque is installed we shall decide upon a date for an unveiling ceremony which I hope will be attended by many people as well as representatives of interested organisations and possibly the press. Further news will be disseminated by email, Jacobite Forum and though the 1745 Association website.
Stefano Baccolo, in his university thesis “Carlo Stuart in Italia 1766-1788—La Corte di un principe in esilio”, thanks the members of the 1745 Association.
Al di fuori dell’ambiente universitario desidero ringraziare l’amico Dave
Waddell per il supporto che diede alla mia ricerca del testamento di Carlo
Stuart, che fu poi lo spunto per questo lavoro. Con lui ringrazio per
l’interesse e la simpateticità con cui seguirono la stessa ricerca anche Mag-
gie Craig, Stephen Lord c tutto il resto della 1745 Association, di cui sono
fiero d’essere membro.
Outside of the university, I would like to thank my friend Dave Waddell for the support he gave to my research of the Will of Charles Stuart, which later became the inspiration for this work. I thank him for the interest and understanding which followed the same research also Maggie Craig, Stephen Lord and the rest of the 1745 Association, of which I am proud to be a member.
An interesting tool from Google called the Ngram viewer shows how the keywords “Charles,Edward,Stuart,Jacobite” occur over the years in Google Books:
| Annual Gathering 2014
2014’s Annual Gathering took place in the Aberdeen area. September 11th-14th. The Annual Gathering 2015 will be held in and around the Argyll area from September 3rd to the 6th.
Modern poetry in Scottish Gaelic begins with the brilliant, controversial figure of Alexander MacDonald, better known as Alasdair Mac Mhaighstir Alasdair, who was active during the eighteenth century. His only collection, Aiseirigh na Seann Chànain Albannaich (1751), was the first printed book to be published in any Celtic language. His patriotic poems mocked those who had failed to support the Jacobite cause (such as the Campbells), and in “A Chanibal Dhuidsich” George II is mocked as a German cannibal. Not surprisingly, the book was considered treasonable, and burned by the hangman in Edinburgh.
Here, in Gaelic, French, and English is one of his best known poems:
Oran a rinneadh ‘sa bhliadhna 1746 A Song Composed in the Year 1746
Oran Nuadh A New Song
O Thearlaich Mhic Sheumais! O Charles Son of James
Clo Mhic Ille Mhicheil (?) The Cloth of McGhille Micheil
Oran Mhorair Mhic Shiomoin An Elegy on Lord Lovat
Oran nam Fineachan Gaidhealach The Song of the Clans
Oran Do’n Phrionnsa A Song to the Prince
Oran Eile Do’n Phrionnsa Another Song to the Prince
Mile marbhphaisg air ant-saoghal On This Age a Thousand Curses
Mhorag Chiatach Achuil Dualaich Graceful Morag of the Ringlets
A channibal Dhuidsich O German Cannibal
Fuigheall A Fragment
Gairm do Phrionnsa Teàrlach A Call to Prince Charles
O togamaid oirnn thar uisge O Let us Go over the Sea
Fuigheall eile Another Fragment
Brosnachadh eile do na Gàidheil Another incitement for the Gaels
An intriguing possibility exists that if Scotland votes for independence, there could be a Stuart back on the throne.
A BBC documentary from 1964, Culloden by Peter Watkins is again available on YouTube.
Jacobite songs and ballads by Macquoid, Gilbert Samuel
Jacobite Lyrics (Volume 29) – Snyder, Franklyn Bliss
Stuart and Jacobite Lyrics (Volume 13) – Snyder, Franklyn Bliss
Jacobite minstrelsy; with notes – Jacobite minstrelsy
Reliques of Irish Jacobite poetry; – John O’Daly
Jacobite Songs And Ballads Of Scotland – Charles Mackay
Songs of the cavaliers and roundheads, Jacobite ballads, &c. &c. – Thornbury, Walter, 1828-1876
English Jacobite ballads, songs & satires, etc. From the mss. at Towneley hall, Lancashire – Grosart, Alexander Balloch, 1827-1899
An t-Aosdàna; or a selection of the most popular Gaelic Jacobite songs, [etc.], [etc.] – Mackenzie, John, 1806-1848
The poetical works of Alexander Macdonald, the celebrated Jacobite poet : now first collected, with a short account of the author – MacDonald, Alexander, ca. 1695-ca. 1770
Innes’s edition of the songs of Scotland : selected from the works of her eminent poets ; including the celebrated Jacobite songs of the rebellion of 1745, and other favorites, introduced in the Lectures on Scottish minstrelsy by Mr. Wilson ; to whom this collection is respectfully dedicated
Remains of Nithsdale and Galloway song: with historical and traditional notices relative to the manners and customs of the peasantry – Cromek, R. H. (Robert Hartley), 1770-1812
Poets and dreamers : studies & translations from the Irish – Gregory, Lady, 1852-1932
New Collected Rhymes – Lang, Andrew, 1844-1912
Could you give publicity to Council and members re the above for which you will find info at:
There are also pictures at the latest news section of the Diocese of Aberdeen and Orkney website http://aberdeen.anglican.org
This is very good effort and a journey full of symbolism for the Scottish Episcopal Church and its Celtic roots. It is also a historical event of some significance. I do not think I will see the Bachuil of St Moluag return to Aberdeen in my lifetime.
For more information on St Moluag, see Dean Alexander Emsley Nimmo’s interview.
The letter written by Bonnie Prince Charlie to King Louis XV of France on November 5 1746, giving the Prince’s detailed account of the events of the ’45 in his own hand and appealing for the King’s support to return to Scotland to complete the campaign, is being sold at the Lyon & Turnbull books and manuscripts auction in Edinburgh on May 7th 2014.
Details are given on Lyon & Turnbull’s website,
The catalogue entry is below.
Estimated Price: £8,000 – £12,000
Description: Stuart, Charles Edward, “Bonnie Prince Charlie”, or “The Young Pretender”, 1720-88
Autograph letter signed to Louis XV, the King of France, “Monsieur Mon Frere et Cousin. J’ai eu l’honneur d’ecrire a Votre Majesté”, stating that he has written a Memorandum of his affairs [“un petit memoire des mes affaires”], that he strongly hopes to put into the hands of the King himself, and that he waits with impatience the King’s orders as to the day and way he may do so, and offering to come incognito to a secret rendezvous to be recommended by the king, signed “Monsieur Mon Frere et Cousin de Votre Majesté, le bon Frere et Cousin, Charles P., Clichy, le 5 Novembre, 1746”, 1 page, with Stuart, Charles Edward Autograph covering letter, stating that he is enclosing a letter for His Majesty, that without exception no one knows that he has written it nor the method of its delivery, stating that the carrier, Monsieur Kelly, is a citizen esteemed by him but that nevertheless he knows nothing of the contents [“il ne scait rien pourtant du contenu”], and that he is completely convinced of His Majesty’s friendship for him and he can be same of his, 1 leaf, integral blank, Clichy, 5 November, 1746; Stuart, Charles Edward. Autograph memoir, headed “Memoire”, describing the political situation [“ce Roiaume est a la veille de se voir aneantir”], stating that English government oppression is fostering ever more support for his cause [“j’y trouverais aujourdhui trois partisans pour un que j’y ay trouvé en debarquant”], explains his lack of success at taking the English throne, noting that he has never lacked for Scottish subjects ready to fight, but lacked money, equipment and a regular army “J’ay manqué tout a la fois, d’argent, de vivres et d’une poigneé de troupes regulieres” . If he had had just one of these he states, he would by now have been King of Scotland “et vraisembalement de toute l’Angleterre”, 2 pp., integral blank leaf, all 31 x 20cm., all with small stamp “Bu. Poitiers, Archives d’Argenson”
Notes: Provenance: The letter was passed by King Louis to the Marquis d’Argenson, his Minister of War and it remained in the d”Argenson family archives for nearly 250 years until it was loaned to the University of Poitiers for safekeeping. In 2002 the d’Argenson family sold this and other documents. Note: Prince Charlie wrote to King Louis XV of France on November 5th 1746, six weeks after his escape to France from Arisaig on the west coast of Scotland, and three weeks after his arrival at Roscoff on 11 October, setting out his account of the Rising and appealing for the King’s help to mobilise another campaign to win back his kingdom.
The document comprises three sections:  a covering letter to the Marquis d’Argenson, King Louis’ Minister of War, requesting that he present his letter and Memorandum to King Louis;  a covering letter to the King; and  the Memorandum itself, setting out the Prince’s account of the campaign and appealing for the King’s support.
The letters and Memorandum comprise a unique historical account, in the Prince’s own hand, setting out his version of the events of the 1745 Rising. The content of the letter shows that he had clearly not given up hope of a successful return and states bluntly that the 1745 Campaign would surely have succeeded with modest help from France at critical points during the campaign. The Memorandum confirms that the Prince’s decision to advise supporters to disperse after Culloden was not a betrayal, but rather a fully rational decision to minimise loss of life pending his efforts to mobilise further support. It reveals that the Prince was still very optimistic about the prospects for eventual success, hoping to repeat the experience of his great-uncle King Charles II, who returned to become King after the Stuart monarchy’s defeat in battle and exile abroad. Had King Louis responded positively to the Prince’s request for support to launch a new campaign, it could have altered the course of British history. However, by that time, the French had defeated British forces in Flanders, greatly assisted by the withdrawal of key British regiments from the continent to counteract the threat posed by the Rising. So, looked at from the viewpoint of King Louis and his ministers, the Prince had served his purpose and no further support was given. The Prince’s worst fears were realised when France signed the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in October 1748, recognising the Hanoverian succession and repudiating the claim of the Stuarts. With all hope of an imminent invasion abandoned, Charles was forcibly escorted from Paris and began 40 years of exile. In the light of the Prince’s subsequent decline, reading the Memorandum today is rather poignant, for we know how the story turned out, as he could not when he sat down to write to King Louis XV on November 5th 1746.
Dr Christopher Duffy sent me this map and asked me to circulate it amongst Association members so here it is.
I have the following letter from Carolyn Seggie.
Hello As one of the administrators of the Facebook group titled Group To Stop The Development At Culloden I would like to invite you to please take a look at our page. We are strictly non-political as I know you are as well. Briefly we strongly oppose the development of 16 houses at Viewhill Farm Culloden by Inverness Properties. Despite the objections of Highland Reg Council and NTS the Scottish Govt reporter has provisionally approved the application with a final decision due on 18th March. We have already had a peaceful protest gathering at Holyrood in January and are holding two other events at Culloden and Inverness. The first is on Sat 1/3/14 and the second is at Culloden on Sunday 20th April 2014. Please do feel free to look at our Facebook page for full details of both the group and the events. On behalf of the group I would like to invite both yourself and all members to join should they wish to do so. Sincerely Carolyn Seggie
Just in case you haven’t heard – the Allan Ramsay Portrait of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, painted in 1745, and relating to Strange’s engraving, has been tracked down to Gosford House (Earl of Wemyss) by (naturally) Bendor Grosvenor. He and the portrait will be featured in a TV programme tonight (Saturday) on BBC2 at 9.00pm (The Lost Portrait of Bonnie Prince Charlie: A Culture Show Special). This will be accessible thereafter via your computer for 7 days on BBC iPlayer.
You can read about it and see it in Friday’s Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2014/feb/21/bonnie-prince-charlie-portrait-found-bendor-grosvenor
John Nicholls MBE, Chairman,
The Fifteen (The Northumbrian Jacobite Society)
THE BEST OF ENEMIES
One of the best stories of the Forty Five yet to be told, that of the Hessian soldiers who marched into the Pass of Killiecrankie.The Hessians have been portrayed as the villains of the Forty Five, brutal mercenaries. Yet they were very different from the legend. Their leader, Prince Frederick sympathised more with his foes than with his allies. In later years his crisis of conscience would perplex Germany.
The Jacobite clans were on the Great Atholl Raid. Their leader, Lord George Murray, hoped to outflank the army of the Duke of Cumberland. This may have been a fine chance for Jacobite victory. The result was the siege of Blair Castle. The Hessians defended their base at Dunkeld from Jacobite probes. Then they were ordered to relieve the Castle by marching through the feared Pass of Killiecrankie.
The cast of characters includes many who behaved unexpectedly: the irresponsible defenders of the Castle; the rival Dukes of Atholl; the Campbell whose assassination featured in Stevenson’s novel Kidnapped; the inn-servant Molly; the European hussars seeking information by talking in Latin, the irascible Duke of Cumberland; the lovelorn Earl of Craufurd, attached to the Hessian force; and many more.