Category Archives: News

Have £1.25million to spare?

Decrepit Scottish mansion where Bonnie Prince Charlie drummed up Jacobite rising is the perfect pad for a Young Pretender

Bannockburn House

Bannockburn House

Bannockburn House, in Stirlingshire, Scotland, is up for sale and a community trust is trying to raise money to buy and refurbish the huge property

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4356622/Mansion-Bonnie-Prince-Charlie-drummed-Jacobite.html#ixzz4chkeKofz

1745 Association Piping Trophy Awarded

Association Council members Maureen Lipscomb (Secretary) and Glen MacDonald (Vice Chairman) attended the annual Duncan Johnstone Memorial Piping Competition at the National Piping Centre in Glasgow on Saturday 19th March 2016. The 1745 Association originally donated the trophy for the winner of the March, Strathspey and Reel section of the competition about 15 years ago. Having spent a very pleasant afternoon listening to the various competitors piping in the Piobaireachd, Jig and March, Strathspey and Reel categories, Glen MacDonald was delighted to have the honour of presenting the 1745 Association Trophy to this year’s winner, a young and very talented piper by the name of Connor Sinclair. Connor also won the competition in 2015 and is personal piper to the former SNP leader and Scottish First Minister, Alex Salmond.

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Victory at last at new Battle of Culloden

Plans to stop Culloden Battlefield – a war grave for thousands of Jacobite soldiers – from being swamped by housing developments has been approved.

A modern-day war at Culloden was launched after a 16-home development about 400 yards from the official site was last year granted by the Scottish Government, despite worldwide objections.

Read more: http://www.scotsman.com/heritage/people-places/victory-at-last-at-new-battle-of-culloden-1-3966012#ixzz3tLvYw8ts
Follow us: @TheScotsman on Twitter | TheScotsmanNewspaper on Facebook

Possible Jacobite supporter buried in Pendle

Dear all.
              What does anyone make of this?
Steve Lord
Hi Lewie,
I hope you or the 1745 Association can help me.
We are currently doing further research into the history of our church, which is St. Mary’s Newchurch in Pendle. www.stmarysnewchurchinpendle.org.uk
In our church yard we have a gravestone to the memory of James Aitken, formerly of Dundee who joined the army of Prince Charles Edward during the Scotch Rebellion 1745 and eventually settled and died at Newchurch in Pendle where he was interred November 19th 1794.
James Aitken is referred to in some our earlier histories as having a rank – perhaps Captain – but I cannot substantiate this. I note from your aims that you are interested in the personnel of army and places of interest related to the 1745.
I wonder if you know anything about James Aitken or if someone in your association might be interested in doing some research, as they are much more likely to be successful than me!
Church would be very happy to be included in your places of interest, if you felt this appropriate.
I have attached an image of the gravestone, a large marble edifice of much later than 1794.
Many thanks,
John
John Parsons
Parish Secretary
St. Mary’s Church
Newchurch in Pendle

James Aitken

Falkirk or Paradise? Commemorating the Battle of Falkirk – January 16th 2016

Falkirk or Paradise? Commemorating the 270th anniversary of the Battle of Falkirk.

Callendar House, Falkirk, Saturday, January 16th 2016.

“Tonight we shall lie either in Falkirk or in Paradise”

– reported words of Lord George Murray, General of the Jacobite Army, January 17th 1746

Falkirk, the forgotten battle…..the penultimate battle fought on British soil…. the final Jacobite triumph, yet a pyrrhic victory which left Prince Charlie’s forces severely depleted…..

270 years after the battle was fought, The 1745 Association is organising a free event to remember what happened on that day.

Itinerary

Midday: Those who wish to enjoy The Prince’s Dinner before the Main Event will gather in the Green Room, Callendar House, where, on September 14th 1745, Prince Charles Edward Stuart dined with the Earl of Kilmarnock.

1:30 PM: Green Room: Welcome and Introduction to Callendar House and the Earl of Kilmarnock during the ‘45 (Michael Nevin).

2:00 PM: The group will depart for a guided tour of the Battle of Falkirk by Geoff Bailey, author of Falkirk or Paradise (1996), the authoritative account of the events leading up to the battle and the course of the battle itself.

3:45 PM: Return by way of Falkirk Parish Church, to pay our respects to the graves of Hanoverian and Jacobite officers who fell at Falkirk.

4:30 PM: Return to Callendar House for a warming cup of tea, coffee or mulled wine, with bannock / scones.

5:00 PM: Close.

Note that the Main Event from 1:30 PM to 5:00 PM is free, but places are limited by capacity and will be allocated on a “first-come, first-served” basis.   Bookings should be made through the Council Member organising the event, Michael Nevin, either by e-mail on:

mike@nevinassociates.co.uk

or by phone on:

0782 4829 445

stating whether the booking is for The Main Event from 1:30 PM onwards, or whether you also like to book for The Prince’s Dinner at midday.

Sheriffmuir 300 Commemoration – Friday 13 November 2015

Many thanks to those members who turned out at Sheriffmuir in fairly dreadful weather on Friday 13 November to commemorate the Tercentenary of the Battle of Sheriffmuir at a joint event held in conjunction with the Association of Highland Clans & Societies (AHCS) and the Clan MacRae Society. Approximately 90 people attended from all three organisations with Jamie Erskine, the current Earl of Mar and Kellie and a direct descendant of the 6th Earl who lead the Jacobite army that day in 1715, as a principal guest. After a short ceremony and speech and a lament at the large Clan MacRae monument to remember those of that clan who fell in the battle, the focus shifted to the nearby 1745 Association cairn and plaque. The Rev Bob Harley then conducted a very moving service which included prayers, the singing of the 23rd Psalm, the reading of his poem “Allan Water” about the battle by James King and the laying of two wreaths by Council Member Mike Niven on behalf of The 1745 Association, and by John Nichols of the Northumbrian ’15 Society, followed by a lament entitled “Lament for the Children” by the Clan MacRae Piper, Jimi MacRae. Thereafter those able and willing trudged across the moor through mud, bogs and puddles to the Gathering Stone on the battlefield where a third commemorative event took place arranged by the ACHS at which our President, Brigadier John Macfarlane, read selected verses in both Gaelic and English from a moving poem of the time about the battle. Wreaths were then laid by the Earl of Mar and Kellie and several clan chiefs and representatives from a number of other clans and organisations, and the piper completed the proceedings with a third lament. Following the muddy trudge back to the road all were then ferried back by coach to the Sheriffmuir Inn to dry out and warm themselves through over afternoon tea and cakes. Although the weather was cold, windy and wet, in a strange way many present felt that it made them better appreciate the conditions endured by those who fought that day in 1715.  All in all a very successful, worthwhile and poignant commemorative event. I attach some photos of the day.

Glen MacDonald

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THE BATTLE OF SHERIFFMUIR

On this moor on 13 November 1715, a Jacobite army composed largely of
Highlanders under the command of the Earl of Mar met a Hanoverian army
consisting mainly of regular British soldiers under the Duke of Argyll,
at what has become known as the Battle of Sheriffmuir.
The result was indecisive but Mar’s failure to take advantage of Argyll’s
weakened position in the closing stages of the conflict and subsequent withdrawal
from the field contributed to the failure of the Rising – known as “The Fifteen” –
in favour of the restoration of the exiled King James VIII (the “Old Chevalier ).

ERECTED BY THE 1745 ASSOCIATION

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Sheriffmuir 300 Commemoration Event Fri 13 Nov 15 – Arrangements For Those Attending

Dear All,

Arrangements are now all in place for the “tri venue” commemorative event at Sheriffmuir on Fri 13 Nov and I am emailing you all now to let you have the relevant details in advance.

 Firstly, although I am still awaiting confirmation of the final Nos in one group, I believe that there will be at least 20 people in our party comprising mostly 1745 Association members plus one or two guests including, most notably, John and Elizabeth Nichols from the Northumbrian ’15 Society. As far as I can work out I think that 15 of us are intending to repair to the Sheriffmuir Inn on completion for afternoon tea, so that should all be very convivial.

 As a reminder there will also be approximately 60 others attending from the various affiliated clans of the Association of Highland Clans and Societies (AHCS), as well as a separate, distinct group from the Clan MacRae. In all therefore there should be about 80 of us which will be a good turnout. It is also of note that James Erskine, the current Earl of Mar, will also be attending as a guest of the ACHS.

 Please remember that there is no parking at the battle site cairns, and everyone should meet and park their cars at the Sheriffmuir Inn, FK15 0LN, before 1.30 pm.  (Indeed any vehicles parked at the very small layby next to the cairns will prove very awkward and inconvenient as there will be limited space for the numbers present on foot). Toilet facilities will be available in the Inn for those who, as we say in the Royal Navy, may wish to take the “seamanlike precaution” of “easing springs” in advance of battle! The first shuttle bus will leave from the Inn at around 1320.  Buses will shuttle people the mile or so, down to the cairns ready to start the Commemoration at 1400.

There is some talk amongst ACHS members of marching down the road from the Inn to the cairns, although at the time of e mailing I am not entirely sure if this will take place or not, and I daresay will depend upon the weather. If this takes place I am sure that any of you who wished to join this march would be welcome to do so, but may wish to arrive slightly earlier for this.

As previously mentioned the intention will be to hold three commemorative events in succession commencing at the Clan MacRae cairn, followed by a second one at our 1745 Association cairn only a few meters along the road. Bob Harley has very kindly agreed to write and conduct a short service for our part of the proceedings which will include a few appropriate words, prayers and the reading of a poem about the battle, followed buy the laying of a wreath from the 1745 Association and the playing of a lament by a piper from the Clan MacRae. Bob will provide a printed Order of Service on the day. (Don’t forget your specs!)

For John Nichols – John, we are very pleased that you and Elizabeth will be with us and would of course be delighted to include provision in the proceedings for you to lay a wreath on behalf of the Northumbrian ’15 Society if you wish to. Alternatively you may prefer to lay a wreath at the Gathering Stone. You can let us know in due course, or on the day.

Thereafter, for those wishing and able to make the walk across the muir on the battlefield itself, the ACHS will conduct a third commemorative event at the Gathering Stone at which a number of representatives will lay wreaths from various clans and societies etc. This event will also include the reading of an appropriate poem in Gaelic by our own President, Brigadier John Macfarlane, as well as a further lament by the piper. Please remember to wear suitable footwear for the walk up onto the muir where the going, depending on the weather, may be wet and muddy or icy.

All in all this should be a very enjoyable and interesting event. Thereafter we will walk back to the roadside area where the shuttle bus will take us back in groups to the Sheriffmuir Inn for afternoon tea and/or to be reunited with our cars, as appropriate.

 For those partaking of afternoon tea this has been booked for you and the cost will be £6 per person, for which I understand we will (each!) be offered tea, a scone and a piece of cake! Please bring exact money for the numbers in your group as I will collect £6 per head from each of you in order to pass the correct amount of money to the ACHS who will then settle the bill on behalf of all three groups. Providing change in return for £10 or £20 notes may not be possible.

I am very keen that we capture this event in photographs so that we can then post them on our website and possibly also in a future 1745 Association E mail Newsletter. Whilst I will take some photos myself, it would therefore be appreciated if some of those present might also bring a camera and subsequently e mail any good digital images to me for these purposes.

Finally I note the following message from the ACHS e mail to their members which may be of interest:
“Nicholas Maclean-Bristol will be attending the Commemoration and there is a chapter on the Maclean involvement in the battle, along with the lead up to the battle and its aftermath, in his book ‘Castor and Pollux’.  If people have not got a copy, and contact him [nmbcoll@aol.com], he will bring copies on 13th November. The cost of the book [a big reduction] is £15.

Nicholas also has copies of his ‘Inhabitants of the Inner Isles, Morvern and Ardnamurchan, 1716’, published by the Scottish Record Society, which lists all the people living on Mull and the area, by name, and whether or not they were involved in the 1715 Rising.  These are available at £10 each [again a good reduction].”

I hope that all of the above information is clear. However, if anyone has any particular queries or issues then please don’t hesitate to e mail me back. Meantime, thank you very much for your willingness to attend this event I very much look forward to seeing you all on the day. Many thanks.

 Regards,

 Glen

 Glen MacDonald

Stuarts in Exile BBC 4

Just watched The Stuarts in Exile on BBC 4 (2100 28 Oct) Covered the period 1688 to 1715. Quite well done in my opinion.  On iplayer no doubt for some time.

There will be at least one more episode, maybe more. Worth watching

Steve

 

 

‘Outlander’ Season 2 Casts Bonnie Prince Charlie

Starz’s “Outlander” is rounding out its cast for season two, which is based on the second book in Diana Gabaldon’s historical, time-traveling series, “Dragonfly in Amber.”

Andrew Gower (“The Village,” “A.D. The Bible Continues”) has been cast as Prince Charles Edward Stuart in the new season, Variety has confirmed. When Charles Stuart isn’t carousing with his Jacobite supporters, the young heir to the exiled Catholic royal dynasty is plotting his return to the throne. An unlikely leader with an unabashed taste for alcohol and women, Prince Charles is hell-bent on glory — no matter what the cost.

Scotland’s DNA project reveals that Bonnie Prince Charlie has English ancestry

From The Telegraph

Not only are we not all Celts and Vikings north of the border, it appears that Bonnie Prince Charlie himself had English ancestors.

Around 1,000 people have been tested in the past four months as part of the Scotland’s DNA project, and the preliminary results reveal the “astonishing” diversity of our genetic origins.

Perhaps even more surprising than the ancestry of the Jacobite prince, is the revelation that one per cent of Scotsmen, around 26,000 individuals, are descended from the Berber and Tuareg tribesmen of the Sahara, with a lineage going back 5,600 years.

The project has also found a lost tribe, the Maeatae, who fought the Roman legions in 208AD and seemed to disapper from recorded history in the 8th century. The latest DNA techniques re-discovered them – concentrated in their historic homelands around Stirling.

What’s in a Name?

What’s in a name? There has been something of a drop in membership recently, not significant yet, but if the trend continues it may be cause for some concern. Conventional methods of publicity, i.e. advertising leafleting etc., have thus far failed to attract the numbers we had hoped for, despite all the hard work and energy that has gone into them. Several significant members of the Association, including our President, Chairman Dr Christopher Duffy, and myself have suggested that perhaps we should consider the possibility of a name change, in an effort to clarify what we represent. At present what does our title mean? Is 1745 just a series of numbers with no significance to the average man in the street?  Should the word “Jacobite” be included in our name, presenting ourselves as “The 1745 Jacobite Association?”  This could be a contentious move. Let me state this, however, “Jacobite Studies” is an accepted part of academia, indeed, “The Jacobite Studies Trust,” has prominent academics like Eveline Cruickshanks and Professor Murray Pittock as trustees. If we inserted the word “Historical” to become “The 1745 Jacobite Historical Association,” somewhat lengthy but would that perhaps give even more indication as to our purpose, studying the Jacobite period of history, and also distancing ourselves from these very “odd groups” who attend Culloden among other places.

The possibility of a name change was debated at the A.G.M. at Connel Ferry, Argyll, having been brought up in the Chairman’s report. No firm decision will be taken until the next A.G.M. in Cumbria, but this will allow both the Council and the membership time to reflect on what is an important issue. Our constitution allows for the Council of our Association to recommend to the membership any item for consideration by members attending the A.G.M. and those attending will have the chance to vote on this possible name change. In view of this fact I would ask all members (particularly those unable to attend the Gathering) to consider this possibility,  and contact me with any comments and opinions they may have, after all it is your Association and some things are more important than others. This I would suggest falls into that category.

Le gach deagh dhurachd, Brian, Editor,                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                                

The National Anthem

Is it time to revise or even remove the national anthem? In particular verse six:

Lord grant that Marshal Wade

May by thy mighty aid

Victory bring.

May he sedition hush,

And like a torrent rush,

Rebellious Scots to crush.

God save the Queen!

A Jacobite curiosity in Pisa

My dear fellows,

IMG_20150922_162528I’ve just spent a couple of days in Pisa for work and even if sadly I had no time to look around for Jacobite related places (the surroundings of the town should be quite full of them since Pisa was one of the favorite holiday destinations of the Stuart brothers in the Sixties and Seventies) I passed in front of an old building with a slab that caught my attention. I have attached some photos of it since I think it could be considered a sort of Jacobite curiosity. The slab says that Count Vittorio Alfieri, the famous Italian dramatist and infamous lover of Queen Louise, was a guest in the house -which is named Palazzo Venera- from november 1784 to july 1785. The fact has awakened memories of mine since there are many letters written by the Duchess of Albany to her uncle telling that exactly during that period Charles was taking the waters in Bagni di Pisa (“bath of Pisa”, a village now called San Giuliano) and during his daily walks in Pisa he very often met the hated Alfieri and each time Charles was terribly annoyed by these encounters… It’s quite sad that there’s a marble slab to remember the few months of Alfieri in Pisa and nothing to remember the many visits the Stuarts paid to the town.

Just to have an idea of what the Stuart holidays in Bagni di Pisa were like, I suggest to give a look to the website of Villa Corliano, one of the residences used by the Stuarts (now it’s a luxury hotel), of which I also attach some photos retrieved on the net, hoping sooner or later to have the occasion to take some pictures myself.

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Above “Palazzo Venera” in via Santa Maria n. 36, Pisa

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Here the slab in memory of Alfieri

Below photos of Villa Corliano, one of the residences of the Stuarts in Pisa

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Battle of Sheriffmuir 300th Anniversary Commemoration on Fri 13th November 2015

As you may know this year will see the 300th anniversary of the Battle of Sheriffmuir on Friday 13th November. The battle of Sheriffmuir, the site of which is near Dunblane in Scotland, was a significant and fateful event in the history of the 1715 Jacobite Rising and some years ago the 1745 Association erected a commemorative cairn and plaque close to the battlefield. A picture of the cairn may be viewed on our website.

The 1745 Association is currently planning a commemorative event to take place at the battle-site on Friday 13th November in conjunction with the Association of Highland Clans & Societies (AHCS) and the Clan MacRae Society, who also have a cairn at the battle-site. Representatives will also be present from the “The 15” Northumbrian Jacobite Society. Members of the 1745 Association are therefore invited to attend what promises to be an interesting, poignant and sociable commemorative event.

The outline plan is to gather at the Sheriffmuir Inn a mile or so from the battle-site by 13:30 that day where cars may be parked, and then board shuttle mini-buses to the battle-site (where there is little or no parking available). At 14:00 the Clan MacRae will hold a short commemorative and wreath laying event at their cairn followed by a similar event at our own adjacent 1745 Association cairn. Those present will then be invited to walk the short distance to the “Gathering Stone” on the battlefield (a ten minute walk over paths and some rough ground requiring stout footwear!) where the AHCS will lay wreaths on behalf of their member clans. A piper will be present throughout and will play at each event. On completion all will return to the roadside and re-board the mini-buses to be shuttled back to the Sheriffmuir Inn for afternoon tea at 16:00.

AHCS have very kindly agree to pay for the mini buses but members wishing to attend will be asked to pay a small fee for afternoon tea if they wish to stay for this. As the logistics of the transport and the tea depend upon the numbers attending it is requested that any members who wish to attend contact Glen MacDonald by e mail  no later than Tuesday 20th October in order to reserve a place . Glen may be contacted by e mail to: glenmuriel920@hotmail.com.

English newcomer cast as tragic Scottish hero Bonnie Prince Charlie

English actor Jamie Bacon, who has never been to Scotland, is to play the lead role in a film about Bonnie Prince Charlie.

The Great Getaway will follow the Young Pretender’s escape across the Western Isles, after defeat at Culloden in the failed Jacobite rising of 1745.

Jamie Bacon

Having previously appeared in small roles in little-known British indies, this is Bacon’s first major film role. Although previously linked with American actor Jake Abel, executive producer Robbie Moffat has said that Bacon would be “perfect” for the part.

Project Gutenberg Self Publishing Press and the Battle of Culloden

BATTLE OF CULLODEN

Sourced from World Heritage Encyclopedia™ licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
Help to improve this article, make contributions at the Citational Source
This is a recent project by Gutenberg which anyone can contribute to. Here is the first section which has many links to other articles of interest:

The Battle of Culloden (Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Chùil Lodair) was the final confrontation of the 1745Jacobite Rising. On 16 April 1746, the Jacobite forces of Charles Edward Stuart fought loyalist troops commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands. The Hanoverian victory at Culloden decisively halted the Jacobite intent to overthrow the House of Hanoverand restore the House of Stuart to the British throne; Charles Stuart never mounted any further attempts to challenge Hanoverian power in Great Britain. The conflict was the last pitched battle fought on British soil.[4]

Charles Stuart’s Jacobite army consisted largely of Scottish Highlanders, as well as a number ofLowland Scots and a small detachment of Englishmen from the Manchester Regiment. The Jacobites were supported and supplied by the Kingdom of France and French and Irish units loyal to France were part of the Jacobite army. The British Government (Hanoverian loyalist) forces were mostly English, along with a significant number of Scottish Lowlanders and Highlanders, a battalion ofUlstermen and a small number of Hessians from Germany[5] and Austrians.[6] The battle on Culloden Moor was both quick and bloody, taking place within an hour. Following an unsuccessful Highland charge against the government lines, the Jacobites were routed and driven from the field.

Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites were killed or wounded in the brief battle, while government losses were lighter with 50 dead and 259 wounded, although recent geophysical studies on the government burial pit suggest the figure to be nearer 300. The battle and its aftermath continue to arouse strong feelings: the University of Glasgow awarded Cumberland an honorary doctorate, but many modern commentators allege that the aftermath of the battle and subsequent crackdown onJacobitism were brutal, and earned Cumberland the sobriquet “Butcher”. Efforts were subsequently taken to further integrate the comparatively wild Highlands into the Kingdom of Great Britain; civil penalties were introduced to weaken Gaelic culture and attack the Scottish clan system.

Lord Elcho Scotch Whisky

 

Allan Plant, who is a member of the association, sent me a little brochure advertising Lord Elcho whisky. It is distilled by Wemyss Malts of Edinburgh. As those of you living in Scotland probably know we might be a bit slow on the uptake about whisky in the south of England and I admit I have never come across either this particular whisky or indeed Wemyss Malts before. No doubt someone will pop up and educate me.

It’s not the cheapest blended scotch I have come across. Let’s hope it’s one of the best.

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to you all

Steve

http://lordelcho.com/

 

 

“Jacobite” Fame spreads to Australia

We have a member in Queensland called Lawrance Chadwick. He is a presenter on a community radio station called “Noosa”.  Lawrance presents a show called “The Tartan Shuttle” from noon until 2pm on Tuesdays.  http://www.noosacommunityradio.org/presenters/lawrance-chadwick/

 

He sent me the following email today. I wonder if it will generate a member or several?

I did a community announcement for, ” The Jacobite ” on-air this last Tuesday 9/12/2014.
Our local, ” footprint ” may be small around Noosa but we do audio stream worldwide on <www.noosacommunityradio.org>
I mentioned,The very Reverend Dr. Emsley Nimmo, Dr. Christopher Duffy ( I have a couple of his books ) and Maureen Lipscomb.
I rarely get feedback from listeners but, ” The Jacobite “, has been heard by thousands.
All success to, ” The Jacobite “.

 

Steve Lord

 

 

Game of Crowns

In today’s edition of The Scotsman newspaper, there is an article with the by-line Game of Crowns It relates to a new exhibition at The National Library of Scotland, opening today and running until May 2015. The theme is the build up to the so-called “Glorious Revolution,”  the union of 1707, the 1715 Rising, with a brief inclusion of the Rising of 1745

One of the more significant exhibits is the actual order given to Robert Campbell of Glen Lyon, which led to the massacre at Glencoe. The involvement of The Master of Stair is a fascinating insight to the “skull-duggery” of 17th/18th century politics which directly affected modern history.

The title of the exhibition is very apt and if anyone happens to be in Edinburgh at this time, particularly those of a Jacobite persuasion, a visit to The National Library of Scotland is a must.

Brian A, Whiting.

10 December to 10 May

George IV Bridge Building

Admission free

Opening hours:
Monday to Friday: 10.00-20.00
Saturday: 10.00-17.00
Sunday: 14.00-17.00
See also:
Festive season opening hours

Stuart Papers at Chiddingstone Castle

I received three reels of microfilm containing letters (many signed) and documents pertaining to the Stuart Papers collected by Denys Eyre Bower. In time, I will scan these to PDF and, given permission, publish some of the more interesting ones. Following, is a list of what is on the reels:

Contents – Reel 1

  1. Correspondence signed by members of the House of Stuart – letters Microfilmed in chronological sequence.

(Approximate number of letters)

Mary, Queen of Scots                                 1

James I                                                            8

Charles I                                                        20

Charles II                                                      26

James II                                                         15

William III                                                       8

James III                                                         8

Charles III                                                     11

Victor I          (Including Newspaper cuttings,
twentieth century telegrams, etc.)

  1. Privy Council Documents.

Charles II                                                      18

Anne                                                                2

James II                                                           3

William & Mary                                             2

William III                                                       5

  1. Documents and letters signed by and dealing with the adherents of the Royal House of Stuart.
  2. Papers relating to James III
    Charles II (as Prince of Wales)
    Henry IX (Cardinal York)
    Together with accounts and lists of jewels and banking accounts
  3. Catalogue of Bagot Civil War Documents, items 1 to 89.

Contents – Reel 2

  1. Continuation of the catalogue of Bagot Civil War Documents, items No. 90 to 123.
  2. State Papers:

James I                                                           2

Charles I                                                        6

Charles II                                                     80

James II                                                         7

William III                                                    21

Anne                                                               1

James III                                                      13

Contents – Reel 3

Continuation of State Papers from Reel 2.

Henry, Cardinal of York                        30

Victor                                                            1

(Supplementary to the above

Charles I                                                      3

Charles II                                                     7

4 and 5

Letters of the Sobieski Stuarts, together with bound manuscripts in the sequence in which they appear on the film.

  1. Bound volume containing original autograph letters of the Duke of Monmouth, including drawings and cuttings from the London Gazette.
  2. Bound volume containing copy of the Levant Company Charter confirmed by Charles II.
  3. Bound volume containing the Earl of Halifax’s character of Charles II.
  4. Bound volume containing notes on Clarendon’s History of the Rebellion.
  5. Bound volume containing the account of the Battle of Cape Le Hague by Tobias Smollett.
  6. Bound volume containing autographs connected with the rising in Scotland (1745).
  7. Bound volume containing autographs following the 1745
  8. Bound volume containing the decrees and judgement in favour of Patrick Grant.
  9. Accounts and Reports, etc.
  10. Bound volume containing letters and cuttings relative to Crown Prince Rupert of Bavaria, and the Sobieski Stuarts.
  11. Copies of the Whitehall Review.
  12. General Forster’s farewell.
  13. Various letters, including letters to Edward Walford and letters of Georgina Stuart d’Albany.
  14. Eight letters and documents in the period of Charles II including letters signed by the Earl of Danby.
  15. Various letters, including letters to Sir John Coxe Hippisley. C.1800.

(Hippisley was responsible for initiating the negotiations with the Duchess of Albany’s Executors in Rome for the purchase of the Main Collection of Stuart Papers, on behalf of the Prince of Wales.

These papers are now in the Royal Archives at Windsor Castle, and are available complete on Microfilm, from Micro Methods Ltd.)

These papers have been microfilmed by courtesy of Mr. Denys Eyre Bower, from his private collection at Chiddingstone Castle, Kent, written authority must be obtained from Mr. Bower to quote from, reproduce, or publish any material on the film.

Mr. Denys Eyre Bower started the collection in the 1920’s. It is now the largest collection of its kind in private hands and forms a valuable supplement, though strictly modest compared with that fantastic collection, to the Windsor Stuart Papers. Indeed many documents in Mr. Bower’s collection originally formed part of the Windsor Stuart archives which were separated from the main collection by various circumstances. The letters of the Chevalier Watson in the early 19th century describe in some detail the purchase of the Windsor papers for the de facto occupant of the Crown. The collection consists of many hundreds of documents and letters signed by the Stuart Kings and Queens from Mary Queen of Scots to the later exiled monarchy and their hereditary heirs to modern times, together with their adherents and a few of their opponents where history demands.

An interesting section includes the spurious Sobieski Stuarts of the 19th century whose claims were accepted by many people of note in Scotland and elsewhere.

A. Green

Sheffield University
1969 – 70

Roman Catholicism, Scotland 1745-47

In September attendees of the Annual Gathering visited Scalan in the Braes of GlenlivetFor much of the 18th century, the college at Scalan was one of the few places in Scotland where young men were trained to be priests. From 1717 to 1799, over a hundred were trained despite the place being burned to the ground in 1746 by soldiers under the command of Cumberland.

Since that visit I have been contacted by Fr Michael Briody who is the secretary of the Scalan Association. Fr Briody sent me a copy of a booklet he has recently published. It is entitled “Some account of the state of the Catholic Religion in Scotland during the years 1745, 1746 and 1747”.

The booklet runs to 14 pages of text and maps and is primarily a transcript of the original document (with the same title) written in 1794 by Bishop John Geddes. The document recalls Bishop John’s memories of the ’45 and its aftermath for the Catholic Community. Fr Briody has added footnotes and an introduction

The booklet is available from Fr Briody, St Michael’s Church, 133 Glenmanor Ave., Moodiesburn, Glasgow, G69 0DL. The cost is a mere £3.00 (inc postage in UK). Please make cheques payable to The Rev Michael Briody. Any money raised will go to reducing the debt owed for the new church of St Michael so if you can see your way to including a donation as well I am sure Fr Briody will be grateful.

Steve Lord

Plaque in memory of executed Jacobites, London

 

 

 

In July, August and November 1746 a total of seventeen men were put to death by hanging at the scaffold erected on Kennington Common in London. The men held a variety of ranks and levels of authority and some were Scots and some English. In life they had all been supporters of Prince Charles Edward Stuart during the Rising of 1745/46.

Sixteen of the men are buried in unmarked graves in St George’s Gardens which is just off Gray’s Inn Road and not far from King’s Cross railway station. Unfortunately, the exact location of their remains is not known but as one of the aims of the 1745 Association is to mark the places connected to the rising I am sure members will be pleased to know that this is about to come to fruition. A ground plaque will shortly be unveiled in the gardens to remember the men buried there. The seventeenth was Francis Towneley who was Colonel of the Manchester regiment and his body is buried at St Pancras Old Church not far away.

Nine were members of the Manchester Regiment: Francis Towneley (Col.), Lieutenant John Berwick, Captain Andrew Blood, Captain James Bradshaw, Lieutenant Thomas Deacon, Captain George Fletcher, Lieutenant Thomas Chadwick, Captain James Dawson and Adjutant Thomas Siddall or Syddall. Bradshaw transferred to the Lifeguards –Elcho’s from the Manchester Regt and was captured after Culloden.

Others were John Hamilton of Sandstoun, (Governor of Carlisle), Sir John Wedderburn, 5th Baronet of Blackness (Ogilvy’s Regiment), Captain Andrew Wood, (John Roy Stuart’s Regiment), Captain David Morgan, (Barrister at Law), Captain Donald MacDonald of Kinlochmoidart (Keppoch’s Regiment), Lt Walter Ogilvie, (Lord Lewis Gordon’s Regiment), Captain Alexander Leith, (Glenbuchat’s Regiment) and Lt James Nicholson (Gadd’s Coy -Perth’s Regiment).

The plaque is made of slate with unpainted letters, in keeping with the ambience of the gardens and the text will read:-

In Memory of The Officers and Gentlemen of the Army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart who were executed on Kennington Common in July, August and November 1746.

Nine of the Manchester Regiment and seven Scots are buried here. Francis Towneley, Colonel of the Manchester Regiment lies in the churchyard of Old St Pancras church.

Tandem Triumphans

The 1745 Association

The date of the unveiling of the plaque is not yet known. At the time of writing final permission has been granted and the plaque is ordered. Once the plaque is installed we shall decide upon a date for an unveiling ceremony which I hope will be attended by many people as well as representatives of interested organisations and possibly the press. Further news will be disseminated by email, Jacobite Forum and though the 1745 Association website.

 

DSCN0219

 

Steve Lord

Thesis from Stefano Baccolo and thanks to the 1745 Association

Stefano Baccolo, in his university thesis “Carlo Stuart in Italia 1766-1788—La Corte di un principe in esilio”, thanks the members of the 1745 Association.

RINGRAZIAMENTI

Al di fuori dell’ambiente universitario desidero ringraziare l’amico Dave
Waddell per il supporto che diede alla mia ricerca del testamento di Carlo
Stuart, che fu poi lo spunto per questo lavoro. Con lui ringrazio per
l’interesse e la simpateticità con cui seguirono la stessa ricerca anche Mag-
gie Craig, Stephen Lord c tutto il resto della 1745 Association, di cui sono
fiero d’essere membro.

In English:

THANKS

Outside of the university, I would like to thank my friend Dave Waddell for the support he gave to my research of the Will of Charles Stuart, which later became the inspiration for this work. I thank him for the interest and understanding which followed the same research also Maggie Craig, Stephen Lord and the rest of the 1745 Association, of which I am proud to be a member.

Dean's Walk

The Dean’s Walk in the footsteps of St Moluag

Could you give publicity to Council and members re the above for which you will find info at:

http://aberdeen.anglican.org/media/resources/dean_walk_booklet_04.pdf
http://www.justgiving.com/deanswalk

There are also pictures at the latest news section of the Diocese of Aberdeen and Orkney website http://aberdeen.anglican.org

This is very good effort and a journey full of symbolism for the Scottish Episcopal Church and its Celtic roots. It is also a historical event of some significance. I do not think I will see the Bachuil of St Moluag return to Aberdeen in my lifetime.

John

For more information on St Moluag, see Dean Alexander Emsley Nimmo’s interview.

St Andrews Bachuil

Bonnie Prince Charlie Letter – Lyon & Turnbull Auction Edinburgh May 7 2014

The letter written by Bonnie Prince Charlie to King Louis XV of France on November 5 1746, giving the Prince’s detailed account of the events of the ’45 in his own hand and appealing for the King’s support to return to Scotland to complete the campaign, is being sold at the Lyon & Turnbull books and manuscripts auction in Edinburgh on May 7th 2014.

Details are given on Lyon & Turnbull’s website,

http://www.lyonandturnbull.com/

The catalogue entry is below.

Lot 98: Stuart, Charles Edward, “Bonnie Prince Charlie”, or “The Young Pretender”, 1720-88

Estimated Price: £8,000 – £12,000

Description: Stuart, Charles Edward, “Bonnie Prince Charlie”, or “The Young Pretender”, 1720-88

Autograph letter signed to Louis XV, the King of France, “Monsieur Mon Frere et Cousin. J’ai eu l’honneur d’ecrire a Votre Majesté”, stating that he has written a Memorandum of his affairs [“un petit memoire des mes affaires”], that he strongly hopes to put into the hands of the King himself, and that he waits with impatience the King’s orders as to the day and way he may do so, and offering to come incognito to a secret rendezvous to be recommended by the king, signed “Monsieur Mon Frere et Cousin de Votre Majesté, le bon Frere et Cousin, Charles P., Clichy, le 5 Novembre, 1746”, 1 page, with Stuart, Charles Edward Autograph covering letter, stating that he is enclosing a letter for His Majesty, that without exception no one knows that he has written it nor the method of its delivery, stating that the carrier, Monsieur Kelly, is a citizen esteemed by him but that nevertheless he knows nothing of the contents [“il ne scait rien pourtant du contenu”], and that he is completely convinced of His Majesty’s friendship for him and he can be same of his, 1 leaf, integral blank, Clichy, 5 November, 1746; Stuart, Charles Edward. Autograph memoir, headed “Memoire”, describing the political situation [“ce Roiaume est a la veille de se voir aneantir”], stating that English government oppression is fostering ever more support for his cause [“j’y trouverais aujourdhui trois partisans pour un que j’y ay trouvé en debarquant”], explains his lack of success at taking the English throne, noting that he has never lacked for Scottish subjects ready to fight, but lacked money, equipment and a regular army “J’ay manqué tout a la fois, d’argent, de vivres et d’une poigneé de troupes regulieres” . If he had had just one of these he states, he would by now have been King of Scotland “et vraisembalement de toute l’Angleterre”, 2 pp., integral blank leaf, all 31 x 20cm., all with small stamp “Bu. Poitiers, Archives d’Argenson”

Notes: Provenance: The letter was passed by King Louis to the Marquis d’Argenson, his Minister of War and it remained in the d”Argenson family archives for nearly 250 years until it was loaned to the University of Poitiers for safekeeping. In 2002 the d’Argenson family sold this and other documents. Note: Prince Charlie wrote to King Louis XV of France on November 5th 1746, six weeks after his escape to France from Arisaig on the west coast of Scotland, and three weeks after his arrival at Roscoff on 11 October, setting out his account of the Rising and appealing for the King’s help to mobilise another campaign to win back his kingdom.

The document comprises three sections: [1] a covering letter to the Marquis d’Argenson, King Louis’ Minister of War, requesting that he present his letter and Memorandum to King Louis; [2] a covering letter to the King; and [3] the Memorandum itself, setting out the Prince’s account of the campaign and appealing for the King’s support.

The letters and Memorandum comprise a unique historical account, in the Prince’s own hand, setting out his version of the events of the 1745 Rising. The content of the letter shows that he had clearly not given up hope of a successful return and states bluntly that the 1745 Campaign would surely have succeeded with modest help from France at critical points during the campaign. The Memorandum confirms that the Prince’s decision to advise supporters to disperse after Culloden was not a betrayal, but rather a fully rational decision to minimise loss of life pending his efforts to mobilise further support. It reveals that the Prince was still very optimistic about the prospects for eventual success, hoping to repeat the experience of his great-uncle King Charles II, who returned to become King after the Stuart monarchy’s defeat in battle and exile abroad. Had King Louis responded positively to the Prince’s request for support to launch a new campaign, it could have altered the course of British history. However, by that time, the French had defeated British forces in Flanders, greatly assisted by the withdrawal of key British regiments from the continent to counteract the threat posed by the Rising. So, looked at from the viewpoint of King Louis and his ministers, the Prince had served his purpose and no further support was given. The Prince’s worst fears were realised when France signed the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in October 1748, recognising the Hanoverian succession and repudiating the claim of the Stuarts. With all hope of an imminent invasion abandoned, Charles was forcibly escorted from Paris and began 40 years of exile. In the light of the Prince’s subsequent decline, reading the Memorandum today is rather poignant, for we know how the story turned out, as he could not when he sat down to write to King Louis XV on November 5th 1746.

Culloden Building Project

I have the following letter from Carolyn Seggie.

 

Hello As one of the  administrators of the Facebook group titled Group To Stop The Development At Culloden I would like to invite you to please take a look at our page. We are strictly non-political as I know  you are as well. Briefly we strongly oppose  the  development of 16 houses at Viewhill Farm Culloden by Inverness Properties. Despite the objections of Highland Reg Council and NTS the Scottish Govt reporter has provisionally approved the application with a final decision due on 18th March.  We have already had a peaceful protest gathering at Holyrood in January and are holding two other events  at Culloden and Inverness. The first is on Sat 1/3/14 and the  second is at Culloden on Sunday 20th April 2014.  Please  do feel free to look at our Facebook page for full details of both the group and the events. On behalf of the group I would like to invite both yourself and  all members to join should they wish to do so. Sincerely Carolyn Seggie

My reply

Dear Carolyn

 The 1745 Association supports the opposition to the development at Culloden and has sent a letter of support to NTS and of protest to “The Scotsman”,  and various Scottish Government officials, namely, Richard Lochhead (Cabinet Secretary for Rural Affairs & the Environment), Paul Wheelhouse (Minister for Environment & Climate Change) and Fiona Hyslop (Cabinet Secretary for Culture & External Affairs).
 I will post your email and my reply to you on our website in order that our members know of the planned protests at Culloden
 
 
Steve Lord (Treasurer 1745 Association)

 

Letter forwarded from John Nichols

Just in case you haven’t heard – the Allan Ramsay Portrait of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, painted in 1745, and relating to Strange’s engraving, has been tracked down to Gosford House (Earl of Wemyss) by (naturally) Bendor Grosvenor. He and the portrait will be featured in  a TV programme tonight (Saturday) on BBC2 at 9.00pm (The Lost Portrait of Bonnie Prince Charlie: A Culture Show Special). This will be accessible thereafter via your computer for 7 days on BBC iPlayer.

You can read about it and see it in Friday’s Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2014/feb/21/bonnie-prince-charlie-portrait-found-bendor-grosvenor

Best wishes,
John

John Nicholls MBE, Chairman,
The Fifteen (The Northumbrian Jacobite Society)

THE BEST OF ENEMIES by Christopher Duffy

 

THE BEST OF ENEMIES

Germans against Jacobites, 1746

 

One of the best stories of the Forty Five yet to be told, that of the Hessian soldiers who marched into the Pass of Killiecrankie.The Hessians have been portrayed as the villains of the Forty Five, brutal mercenaries. Yet they were very different from the legend. Their leader, Prince Frederick sympathised more with his foes than with his allies. In later years his crisis of conscience would perplex Germany.

TheBestOfEnemies

 The Jacobite clans were on the Great Atholl Raid. Their leader, Lord George Murray, hoped to outflank the army of the Duke of Cumberland. This may have been a fine chance for Jacobite victory. The result was the siege of Blair Castle. The Hessians defended their base at Dunkeld from Jacobite probes. Then they were ordered to relieve the Castle by marching through the feared Pass of Killiecrankie. 

The cast of characters includes many who behaved unexpectedly: the irresponsible defenders of the Castle; the rival Dukes of Atholl; the Campbell whose assassination featured in Stevenson’s novel Kidnapped; the inn-servant Molly; the European hussars seeking information by talking in Latin, the irascible Duke of Cumberland; the lovelorn Earl of Craufurd, attached to the Hessian force; and many more.

Visit site.

Lost Stuart music to be premiered

Several recently discovered pieces of eighteenth century music are to be given their first modern airings during a concert at Ushaw’s historic St Cuthbert’s chapel.

The concert will showcase Catholic music from the break with Rome in the sixteenth century to the eve of nineteenth century Catholic emancipations, exploring the ways in which the music developed to fit the frequently clandestine environments in which it had to be performed.

The programme of sacred and secular vocal and instrumental music associated with the British Catholic recusant community will include works by William Byrd, Matthew Locke, Innocenzo Fede, Nicola Matteis and some exciting first modern performances of new discoveries.  The music will be performed by Cappella Fede, whose leader, Peter Leech, recently discovered several pieces of music that were performed at the court of Bonnie Prince Charlie’s brother, the Cardinal Duke of York.

“We are very lucky to have Peter Leech and his superb group premiering these recent discoveries at Ushaw,” said Dr James Kelly of Durham University’s Centre for Catholic Studies.  “Those who were lucky enough to have seen the performance by Dr Leech and Cappela fede during Liverpool’s city of culture celebrations will know that this is an event not to be missed.  It is also a chance to hear an often forgotten part of the history of music in this country and to do so in the spectacular setting of Ushaw’s main chapel.”

The concert is on Saturday 29 June, starting at 7:30pm.  Tickets are £10 each and can be obtained from Dr Lucy Underwood at Durham University’s Centre for Catholic Studies (l.a.underwood@durham.ac.uk). Please send cheques, include either email or postal address, to receive tickets as demand is likely to be high. Cheques should be made payable to “Durham University Centre for Catholic Studies”.

The concert is taking place at Ushaw, the former seminary outside the city of Durham, as part of a major international conference on English Catholicism in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries.

 

 

Further information

On Saturday 29 June at 7:30pm in Ushaw College Chapel, Cappela fede – a specialist Early Music ensemble formed by conductor Peter Leech in 2008 – will perform a concert of music associated with the British Catholic community from the 16th to 18th centuries, as part of the ‘What is Early Modern English Catholicism?’ conference organized by Durham University’s Centre for Catholic Studies. Part of the concert will be devoted to music of the Stuart court-in-exile, based at Saint-Germain-en-laye from 1689-1719, then (via Urbino) at Rome from 1719 until 1807, the latter year seeing the death of Cardinal Henry Benedict Stuart at the age of 81.

A keen musician from his earliest years, and made a Cardinal by Pope Benedict XIV at the age of 22, Henry Benedict spent much of his considerable ecclesiastical income on music, yet the legacy of his 60 years as a patron has faded into oblivion. Recent research by Peter Leech in Roman, German and Danish archives has revealed a wealth of previously unknown secular and sacred music written for Henry by highly talented composers such as Giovanni Zamboni (fl.1700-50) and Sebastiano Bolis (1750-1804). Some of these works will receive probably their first modern performances for more than 200 years at the Ushaw concert, revealing the musical splendour and magnificence at the court of the last Stuart monarch of the direct line from James I.

Dr James Kelly

Centre for Catholic Studies
Department of Theology and Religion

Durham University
Abbey House
Palace Green
Durham DH1 3RS

England, UK

The English Convents in Exile, 1600-1880: Communities, Culture and Identity http://www.ashgate.com/isbn/9781409450733

English Convents in Exile, 1600-1800

www.pickeringchatto.com/convents

Langley Lunch with The Northumbrian Jacobite Society

Radcliffe

Dear Members

Please find details of the Langley Lunch and wreath laying which has been rescheduled for Sunday, 24 February, together with the programme of events for 2013 and a copy (for your records) of our Society Constitution.

There is a reminder in the attached letter of subscription renewal due January. We will contact Members who have recently joined as and when their next subscription is due; for new members subsequent subscriptions will be from January 2014. If you have any questions about any of the attachments or details therein, please just let us know.

Kind regards
Elizabeth Finch, Honorary Secretary
The Fifteen, The Northumbrian Jacobite Society
01670 823942 / 07985 900228
www.northumbrianjacobites.org.uk

Events calendar 2013

Constitution

Langley Lunch

Langley Lunch menu

President’s Letter

Posted on behalf of Brian and John:

I am sorry to hear that you have seen fit to resign from the 1745 Association because of my activities with the ‘Better Together’ campaign.

It may be that you have misunderstood the nature of our 1745 Association. We are not apparatchiki for the present Scottish Government, any other form of Scottish Government, the SNP or, indeed, any political stance.

As I and my Council understand it, the 1745 Association is constitutionally a non-political historical association, the objectives of which are:

To study the Jacobite period.

To record and preserve the memory of those who actively participated in, or who had connections with the ‘45.

To mark the appropriate historical sites.

As a Gaelic-speaking Highlander with deep roots in Argyll, as a convinced Episcopalian and as an amateur military historian, I have fully sympathised with, and participated in these objectives for over a decade as Member, Member of Council, Chairman of Council and as President.

You should understand that it is the Association which is non-political and not its Members. Each of us is entitled to private political views unassociated with the Association and is free to express them openly in what is currently a democratic Scotland.

I intend to hold to my personal political views and to express them on appropriate occasions. I also intend to remain as President of our Association for as long as the Council and Members wish me to do so, furthering its non-political and historical objectives in any way I can.

I intend to ask for this letter to be published on our website and in Jacobite so that Members are in no doubt as to the nature of our Association and our views on their political freedom as Members.

Le gach deagh dhùrachd ( Yours sincerely),

Rome trip – Spring 2015

I am posting this on behalf of Benedicta:

Hello everyone,

It is your Italian Jacobite here reporting to headquarters. I hope this e-mail finds all of you well!

Here as promised is my little preliminary report on the reconnaissance trip to Rome that I, Sian Johnson and Peter Brown made just a couple of weeks ago in order to have a better look at the most important spots and sights connected with Prince Charlie and the Stuarts’ exile in Rome and the nearby towns – this is in preparation for the 2014 trip to Rome that the Association is planning.

Since I had already been studying and visiting these places in the course of my researches on Prince Charlie’s life, I was able to show Peter and Sian those that I deem the ‘landmarks’ and most important sights in Rome and the two neighboring towns of Albano and Frascati – of course time was limited, so we didn’t get to see every single thing there that deserves attention (there’s actually tons and tons of places connected with both Charles and Henry and the Stuart family as a whole in all these locations, so one is inevitably forced to make a choice). But I truly and honestly think that we managed to see the most important places (and also the most beautiful ones to see) and I have several ideas on how to gain access to those parts of these buildings and even to those areas that are not normally visible without prior special arrangements.

If anyone is interested in seeing more details, I am also making a word file copy of this little report featuring pictures of all these places taken for the purpose. Sian and Peter have taken many photos as well, so there would be no problem in circulating further documentation.

So, focusing on the city of Rome and then moving on to the area of the Castelli Romani (the belt of little historical hill towns that surround Rome), here are those that I consider the really key places for a trip:

ROME

– Palazzo Muti

This of course is ‘the’ place, being the palace where the Stuart court was located from 1719 onwards and where the Prince himself was born and even died (he came back to Rome several times after 1766, the time of James’ death, and spent the last two years of his life there).

Here we had a complete tour, walking all around the very long block that is normally known as the Palazzo Muti (Palazzo Balestra being its modern-day name) but is in fact two distinct palaces joined into a single huge building: the part facing Piazza Santi Apostoli, where the royal apartments were, used to be called Palazzo del Re (the King’s Palace), while the properly-called Palazzo Muti used to be on the opposite part, that on Piazza Pilotta; yet in between there are smaller blocks, called ‘palazzetti’ (small palaces), which were mostly occupied by the two Princes. We dedicated special attention to the part of the building that used to house the Stuarts themselves (the royal apartments), situated on Piazza dei Santi Apostoli: here it is possible to enter the courtyard and wander up the stairs leading to the different storeys, and we could see the two different wings – one where the King and Queen had their apartments, the other one where the two Princes had theirs. We wandered in the small courtyard and saw the stables and the carriage entrance, etc, as is still possible to do, and found the original entrance as well. Today this part of the building is divided between offices and private apartments, so, in order to see more of the inside spaces we should ask for permission, and we have secured the name and number of the building administrator in order to do so.

But the rest of the Palazzo (the parts leading up from Piazza dei Santi Apostoli to the other end, that on Piazza Pilotta) deserves attention, too: the part of the Palace that is now facing on Piazza Pilotta (the state rooms, so to speak, and the facade that was made famous by the contemporary paintings we have seen) now house some mixed ecclesiastical and political offices, some of which are connected with the nearby Pontificio Istituto Biblico; and if we make a request beforehand, I know we can enter the offices so as to be shown the only room that actually survives unchanged from when the Stuarts inhabited the palace (actually from even before they rented it): this is a beautifully frescoed small room, that I was able to see back in 2006. I still have the name of a nice chap who used to work there when I first visited the place, and who could probably help us in gaining access. This would definitely be most interesting for our members to see, as it is perhaps the only perfectly-preserved part of the Palazzo Muti block!

We must also try to gain access to some upper-storey rooms of the Palazzetti where you can still have glimpses of how the palace once was – when walking the streets around the block, I could see through the windows of some of the upper-storey rooms bits of beautiful ceiling decoration; however I know that these rooms are mostly in a bad state and that there is not much left from the glorious days, so this might be a bit heartbreaking… Thankfully we have time to arrange everything however, so we are free to decide on the matter.

In any case, a trip to the Palazzo definitely has to be on the list!

– Chiesa dei Santi Apostoli

Another key place, located just a few metres from the entrance of the Palazzo, on Piazza dei Santi Apostoli. This is the church chosen by the Stuarts for their devotions; here it is extremely easy and straightforward to see the monument to Queen Clementina, and the church itself is very beautiful and quite interesting, especially given that the Princes and James daily worshipped here (Charles attended a daily mass every single morning, and after the Queen’s death James used to spend hours in prayer here). Closes at noon so must be visited first thing when getting to the Palace; the crypt has excellent Roman frescoes and such.

The beautiful courtyard of the Santi Apostoli convent, just next to the Santi Apostoli church where the heart of Clementina is preserved and a few steps from Palazzo Muti, might also be worth showing to the members, as some sources say that the ancient fountain at the centre of the courtyard formerly used to be located in the Palazzo Muti courtyard.

– Cappella della Madonna dell’Archetto

This is another key spot: the small chapel next to the Palazzo Muti (the smallest chapel in Rome!) used to be connected to it by a small arch, often used by the Royal Family; this is where the Prince was baptized, and as the chapel was built by the Muti family for private devotions, it was also later used by the Stuarts. It is only open for visits at seven o’clock in the evening on a particular day of the week, which makes it a bit difficult for us to see it; but perhaps we could have it opened by request.

– St.Peter’s Basilica

The resting place of the whole family. Here there are no problems in seeing the Stuart Monument and Queen Clementina’s monument; however special permission must be asked in order to see the Stuart sarcophagus in the crypt (Sian, Peter and I saw it, but we were caught and sent away after a little while). With regards to Queen Clementina’s tomb, we did not see it but it is accessible – yet it might be a bit of a problem for members with mobility issues as it is located along a spiral staircase. However it has to be noted that what one sees there is simply the ‘rear’ of Queen Clementina’s tomb as seen from behind the monument that is visible on the ground floor of the Basilica; so, given that one must get onto an elevator to reach the spiral staircase etc. and that there’s definitely going to be queues and such, perhaps we could content ourselves with simply seeing it from below. The sacristy containing the Cardinal’s treasury should be no problem at all to access: in order to get to the sacristy museum you have to exit the church and re-enter it from another corner and there is an entrance fee to pay. There’s actually not much to be seen, but it could be interesting to actually have someone showing the Cardinal’s chalice and such to us if possible.

Aside from these unmissable spots, there are countless other great options in Rome. To me these were the most interesting:

Pontificio Collegio Scozzese (Scots College)

The original Collegio was located in a building in Via delle Quattro Fontane, and though the original façade is not there anymore, it is interesting to see it from the outside, as looking on from the road you can still see an effigy of Cardinal Henry and several carvings of the Royal Arms of Scotland (and the motto) displayed onto the actual facade. It would be nice to have a look at this building as it is not far from the area of Rome where most of the key spots are located.

The modern Collegio (located in the suburbs of Rome, on the Via Cassia), has no interest to us as a building (it is modern and bearing no connection with the Stuarts itself) BUT it holds some very important relics – like the original scroll of Charles’ Commission of Regency as drawn by James (the very same scroll he took to Scotland with him in 1745). In the Collegio’s crypt are also located the original tombstones of James, Charles and Henry. There are also several portraits of Charles and Henry and smaller mementoes, which would make a visit to this place a pretty touching one – however it must be carefully arranged as we need to ask permission to enter the Collegio and see all the relics.

– Gardens of Villa Borghese

We made an expedition to this important tourist attraction as well (the Museum within the Villa Borghese is one of the most popular destinations in Rome), for this is the city park that the Prince visited on every single day: he went riding his horses here, and also played golf on the grounds. If time allows it we might have a stroll here, and visiting the Museum itself might prove a happy diversion for the members, given its international resonance – but most of all, by purchasing the ticket to visit the museum, we could also see the lovely little ‘Versailles-style’ side gardens radiating from the Villa, which date back to the 17th century and must definitely have been of interest to the Royal Family.

Of course this is not as important a destination as the palaces are, but it was one of the Prince’s favorite spots in Rome and so might be of interest to some members.

Another place the Prince loved much and almost daily visited  is the Baths of Diocleziano, the beautiful Roman ruins not far from the Termini Station area – these are very interesting, lots of statues and inscriptions and such to have a look at for the Classicist.

– If there is time enough, we might consider a trip to the TRASTEVERE quarter as well –

We didn’t make it in time to go all the way to Trastevere, but, schedule permitting, there are mainly two spots that I suggest we visit if we decide to include Trastevere in our trip plan:

– CONVENTO DI SANTA CECILIA, where Clementina sought refuge when she ran off from the King and the royal court: it is still a convent but there are guided tours of it held in the mornings. If we can arrange to visit it as a group by request, it might be very interesting to see the various mementoes and inscriptions relating to Clementina’s stay there and the area of the building that she occupied.

BASILICA DI SANTA MARIA IN TRASTEVERE, where Henry was appointed Cardinal Priest. Some inscriptions and mementoes here, with several plaques and gifts etc. Of particular interest would be gaining access to the reliquary (has to be done by special permission) in order to see the precious gifts made by Henry to the church. I am not sure if Peter and Sian have been to this church as they had a few hours’ time more than me at their disposal before their flight and intended to visit it.

ORTO BOTANICO, formerly the Corsini family’s private gardens: a very beautiful place for an open air stroll among beautiful plants, fountains and flowers arranged in 18th-century style. This is the place where Prince Charlie used to go to with his father when they wanted to be in privacy to discuss plans for the Rising; they simply walked up and down the gardens, whispering and chatting between themselves, trying to avoid possible spies. Would be good for a field trip. It is possible to visit the place everyday by paying an entrance fee.

FRASCATI

(Beautiful little historical town just half an hour from Rome: extremely important for the Stuarts as Henry was Bishop of this town for many years, and an extremely influential figure there).

– Basilica di San Pietro

Here is a most interesting place to visit due to the fact that there is a key monument to the Prince (his heart is still preserved here, in an urn situated under a marble slab beneath the inscription; he had been buried here after a funeral celebrated in this very church by Henry, who was Bishop of Frascati, and his body was only removed to St. Peter’s after Henry himself died in 1807). There also are inscriptions and mementoes for Cardinal Henry, though I am sorry to say that we were not able to actually find the wooden statue of the Virigin Mary donated by him to the church; this I guess is because of a mistake in the Cathedral’s information sheet, as the actual Virgin Mary donated by Henry is probably the painted one located in the chapel just left of the Altar: the tabernacle there is a gift from Henry, as are the candlesticks. We also know that the sacristy holds some interesting inscriptions and mementoes relating to Henry, among which are a portrait and a plaque, and this room will be fairly easy to access for us.

-La Rocca 

The Bishop’s Palace in Frascati, occupied by Henry when Bishop of the town: a pretty big and imposing building in the centre of town containing interesting mementoes of the Cardinal and his stay there. On certain weekday mornings it is possible to enter the courtyard and the inside of the Rocca, but this again has to be made by special arrangement if we wish to see all the inner rooms as well and not simply the courtyard. However it is definitely worth doing it, for the inner rooms (where modern offices now are) are pretty interesting and well-preserved, and there are some nice mementoes of Henry’s time there – it has a strong 18th-century flavor.

– Chiesa di Santa Maria in Vivario

This small church is located just next to la Rocca and though it was closed on the morning we were there, I had been able to visit it some years ago: it contains a tablet with an inscription honoring Cardinal Henry.

– There are countless other traces of Henry all around Frascati: there is the Seminario, a religious building that he helped establish, and then, scattered all over town, there even are several building facades bearing his coat of arms and name for everyone to see; we could have a quick tour of the town by coach and perhaps point to the group a few of such spots (I have notes of all of them and the town is small, so we shall have no problem at all).

In addition to this, members with an interest in the architecture of ancient and great aristocratic mansions might like to have a quick look at the famous Villa Alamandina, which stands on the top of the hill overlooking Frascati: it can easily be reached by coach, and the gardens can be entered with no problems at all. From there you can have a great view of the town as a whole, and you can see lots of traces of how magnificent the place must have been when the Stuarts were around (amazing Versailles-style fountains carved into stones and grottos abound).

– Villa Tuscolana

A beautiful mansion which used to be Cardinal Henry’s summer retreat, and is now a very stylish and beautifully preserved hotel, ideal for an afternoon stop in a striking and historically relevant place with a strong Stuart connection: I would definitely suggest to stop here for a tea and refreshments, thus taking the opportunity to have a good look around (there are lots of historical mementoes within the hotel).

– Collina del Tuscolo (Tusculum Hill)

This would be a very interesting excursion for the group, in a way similar to the striking views from the hills that we enjoyed in Derbyshire during the last gathering when we walked around the countryside. This is in no way going to be tiring, and it consists of driving the coach up to the top of this beautiful hill that is located between the towns of Frascati, Grottaferrata and Monte Porzio Catone. Beside being amazing as a panoramic spot to view the landscape from, the hill is actually an ancient acropolis full of ruins and interesting things to see, and as such the site is easily accessible. There is a parking where we can leave the coach and then we can easily walk among the ancient Roman ruins scattered all around (flanking the ancient Roman amphitheater as well!) and reach the beautiful panoramic point from which your gaze can take in all of the surrounding countryside, showing to everyone what once used to be the so-called Parco di Marino, where the Prince used to disappear for days on end going hunting and shooting and exercising in preparation for his great enterprise. This is a very important place for the Prince’s history and for a flavor of who he was before the ’45.

Unfortunately this hill has been badly damaged last summer due to a sudden fire; but I had enormously enjoyed my excursion to its top just a few years ago on one of my Charlie pilgrimages, and I think that by the time we get to see it in 2014 the vegetation will have recovered somewhat.

I must also stress that this walk is not going to be a challenge for members as there are no steep paths to climb – everything is very much levelled there, and you walk on grass or paths (there is also the ancient Roman road, perfectly preserved, to see!).

ALBANO LAZIALE

(Historical small town, this is another key place for the Stuarts as for more than 30 years James and his family spent the whole summer season here, in another palace lent them by the Pope.) 

Lake of Albano

– One of the beautiful things to see while traveling to Albano by coach is the breathtaking view of the Lake of Albano itself: you can see it easily along the way to the town, and its importance lies in the fact that it was a place Prince Charlie loved very much and where he often went rowing and exercising while preparing his body and mind for the great enterprise. You will be amazed to see how closely it resembles a Scottish loch!

– Palazzo Savelli

Palazzo Savelli, now hosting the local council offices and town hall for the city of Albano, used to be the Stuarts’ summer palace, and King James especially spent more time here than in the Muti Palace. One can easily get into the courtyard during the day and also wander up the stairs (everything is pretty well preserved and almost as it used to be back in the Royal Family’s days) and it is even possible to get into the offices: we did actually enter the various rooms, but in order to be able to see them as they deserve to be seen, we should really ask for permission, being a pretty large group. There is a truly beautiful state room (the Sala del Consiglio) which really deserves to be admired, as it is virtually unchanged from the days when the Stuarts occupied the palace.

– Chiesa di San Pietro

A very beautiful and extremely ancient church, a true medieval gem sporting a fascinating bell tower and an amazing atmosphere of solemnity, very different from the sumptuous decorative style of most of the Roman churches. It is located just across the road from the rear facade of Palazzo Savelli. The Royal family used to worship here as this was the family church of the Savelli Family that once owned the palace. Well worth seeing.

(Of course another possible option for the trip would be a visit to MONTEFIASCONE, the town where James and Queen Clementina got married and spent their honeymoon, but this town falls within the Viterbo province, so it is a bit too far off for us to have time enough to go all the way there (it’s 60 miles from Rome…). However we can discuss this option as well if someone is interested.)

This is for the places themselves; for what concerns the intricacies of the trip, these are some of my first thoughts:

– I suggest that we enlist Dr. Edward Corp’s help for the visit to Palazzo Muti as he is THE specialist on the Palazzo and the Stuart court there: he has written many studies on the subject and recently published a new extensive work on it (“The Stuarts in Italy”), so we can safely assume he might be interested in acting as a guide for us there.

– I have also enlisted Mary Jane Cryan’s help in the trip organization: she is a knowledgeable American lady who’s been living in Italy for more than 30 years, and is currently based in Vetralla, between Rome and Viterbo. She is an expert on Cardinal Henry’s life in Italy and has published an excellent book on the subject, consisting of the transcription and translation of a first-hand testimony that she herself unearthed from the British Library – the journal of one of the cardinal’s valets. The book is titled “Travels to Tuscany and Northern Lazio” – here’s a link:

http://www.elegantetruria.com/book/travels-to-tuscany-northern-lazio/

I would like her to give us a short talk on the book and the research work behind it, perhaps after dinner on one of our evenings?

We also need to be working on the matter of ensuring smooth and swift transportation throughout the trip – as the traffic problem is particularly crucial with regards to Rome and its environs, we are planning the thing very carefully (coach with the possibility of perhaps covering a very short distance by train, if needed) and will let you know more about our findings.

And of course I will be more than glad for any help and advice that David, Muriel, Steve and other members will give us!

I hope I haven’t bored you too much – please feel free to comment, add, discuss, suggest, criticize, etc. As mentioned, I have a word version of this report almost ready for perusal and featuring pictures of every single spot, so let me know if you need any further details and of course, ask me anything you need to know.

I am really looking forward to carrying on with the work for what I am sure will be an amazing trip for all of us!

I take the opportunity to wish all of you all the best for the upcoming holiday season and for a great 2013 from “o’er the water” – a Merry Christmas to you all!

(and of course, Tandem Triumphans).

Yours, Benedicta

Identification of a precious Jacobite manuscript

The Scotsman  30 Dec 2006

Comparison with Lockhart (The Lockhart Papers, Vol 2, pp 479-510)

English Summary: A CHANCE visit to a London gallery by Tim Roberton of the Moidart Local History Group has led to the identification of a precious Jacobite manuscript as the work of the leading Gaelic poet Alexander MacDonald (c. 1698-1770). An account of the ’45, written in English, it belongs to the Drambuie Collection, part of which is now on show at the National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh.

THA i a’ toirt iomradh air an là a thàinig am Prionnsa Teàrlach Eideard Stiùbhart gu tìr an Alba. Tha i a’ toirt sealladh pearsanta iongantach air ar-a-mach nan Seumasach suas gu Latha Chùil Lodair fhèin. Tha i nas prìseile ann an dòigh na obair-ealain sam bith bhon linn sin. Ach fad 190 bliadhna cha robh fios aig sgoilearan gun robh an làmh-sgrìobhainn luachmhor seo fhathast ann am bith, ged a chaidh i ‘na pàirt de Chruinneachadh Drambuie, a tha ri fhaicinn a-nis ann an taisbeanadh ann an Dùn Èideann.

Chaidh lethbhreac de leabhar-latha le “Oifigear Gaidhealach ann an arm a’ Phrionnsa” fhoillseachadh ann an 1817 anns na Lockhart Papers. Bha e on uair sin air aon de na prìomh theacsaichean do sgoilearan eachdraidh na h-ar-a-mach. Ge-tà, bha sgoilearan riamh air tòir na làmh-sgrìobhainn tùsail, agus an-uiridh leag dithis duine sùil air làmh-sgrìobhainn anns a’ chruinneachadh aig Drambuie, a bha ga thaisbeanadh ann an Gailearaidh Fleming ann an Lunnainn, ‘s bha aon dhiubh an amharas gur e an aon leabhar-latha a nochd am measg phàipearan Lockhart. Tha Tim Roberton o Chomann Eachdraidh Mhùideirt a’ mìneachadh: “Bha mi fhèin ‘s mo bhean a’ tadhal air a’ Ghailearaidh. Chunna mi an leabhar-latha seo agus leum na faclan ‘Ceann Loch Mùideart’ a-mach ás an duilleig – tha taigh againn an-sin anns am bi sinn a’ fuireach bho àm gu àm.

“As dèidh dhomh faighneachd dhen duine a bha a’ coimhead as dèidh Cruinneachadh Drambuie, fhuair mi a-mach gun robh fear air an robh Stuart Kendall a’ faighneachd mun aon leabhar ‘s gun robh esan air dealbhan a thogail de gach duilleig dheth. Bhruidhinn sinn ri chèile agus dh’aontaich sinn gun toireadh muinntir a’ chomainn sùil air na duilleagan ‘s gun dèanamaid coimeas eadar an làmh-sgrìobhainn aig Drambuie agus an leabhar-latha mar a nochd e anns na Lockhart Papers.

“Fhuair sinn gun robh eadar-dhealachaidhean beaga an-siud ‘s an-seo, mar litreachadh, no rudan beaga a dhìth, ach gun robh ‘n dà sgrìobhainn cho coltach ri chèile ‘s gun robh sinn cha mhòr cinnteach gur e an làmh-sgrìobhainn tùsail de leabhar-latha Lockhart a bh’ ann.”

A rèir coltais cheannaich an companaidh Drambuie e ann an 1993 an uair a chaidh stuth bho Chaisteal Fingask a reic aig rup. Sann leis na Threiplands a tha an caisteal. Tha làrach-lìn a’ chomainn eachdraidh a’ mìneachadh: “Tha e air a chlàradh gun tàinig na Threiplands an toiseach gu Fingask aig deireadh na 16mh linn. Dà linn as dèidh sin, cheumnaich an Dotair Stuart Threipland bho Roinn Eòlas-Leighis Oilthigh Dhùn Èideann ann an 1742. Chaill athair – Sir David Threipland – an oighreachd aige, Fingask, as dèidh na h-ar-a-mach ann an 1715 … agus mar sin cha b’e cùis iongnaidh a bh’ ann gun deach an Dotair Stuart Threipland ‘na chomhairliche-leighis dhan Phrionnsa ann an 1745. Bha e còmhla ris a’ Phrionnsa eadar Derby ‘s Cùil Lodair agus an uair sin chaidh e am falach mus do theich e dhan Fhraing.”

Bha ceangal làidir cuideachd aig na Lockharts, aig an robh na pàipearan, ri iomairt a’ Phrionnsa. Bha Seòras Lockhart ann an arm a’ Phrionnsa mar aide-de-camp, ‘s bha Anthony Aufrere, a dh’fhoillsich na Lockhart Papers, pòst’ aig boireannach aig an robh dlùth chàirdeas do Sheòras.

Tha sgoilearan air a bhith dhen bheachd air son iomadh bliadhna gur e am bàrd ainmeil Alastair mac Mhaighstir Alastair a sgrìobh na nochd sna Lockhart Papers. A rèir Raghnaill MhicilleDhuibh se làmh-sgrìobhainn air leth inntinneach agus prìseil a th’ ann. “Chan eil an teagamh as lugha agamsa nach e mac Mhgr Alastair a sgrìobh an leabhar tha seo. Tha luchd-eòlais mar Iain Latharna Caimbeul aonaichte mu dheidhinn sin o chuir Compton MacCoinnich a chorrag air a’ chùis ann an 1932. Bha fios againn bho na Lockhart Papers gun deach sgrìobhadair an leabhair ‘na fhear-teagaisg Gàidhlig dhan Phrionnsa ‘s bha seo coltach ris a’ bhàrd oir bha e ‘na mhaighstir-sgoile agus sgrìobh e an aon fhaclair Gàidhlig a bha ri fhaotainn aig an àm.

“Seo a-nis an dearbhadh cinnteach gur e am bàrd a sgrìobh e. Tha sinn eòlach air an làimh aige bho iomadh litir agus receipt ris na chuir e ainm, agus seo i! Chan e sin a-mhàin, ach anns an dara loidhne mu dheireadh den chiad duilleig chì sinn ‘my Brother’ ri taobh ‘Æneas Macdonald of Dalely’. Cha do nochd ‘my Brother’ sna Lockhart Papers oir chaidh a dhubhadh ás. Nist, cha robh aig Aonghas Beag, Fear Dhail Eilghe, ach dà bhràthair – Alastair am bàrd, agus Lachlann aig an robh taca Dhrèamasdail ann an Uibhist a-Deas. Tha sin a’ toirt na roghainn a-nuas gu dithist!

“Tha mi uabhasach toilichte mu dheidhinn na thachair oir anns na 70an thug mi greis a’ siubhal an leabhair seo ann an Oxford agus àiteachan eile. Bha mi air mo dhòchas a chall. A-nise gabhaidh eachdraidh beatha a’ bhàird a sgrìobhadh gu ceart.”

Tha ceist no dhà ri fhreagairt fhathast, a rèir Mhgr Roberton. Ciamar a fhuair na Threiplands greim air an làmh-sgrìobhainn? Dè cho fad ‘s a bha i aig na Lockharts a rinn lethbhreac dhith? Ciamar a fhuair iad an leabhar on ùghdar?

Tha dà rud cinnteach ge-tà. Tha leabhar-là cho cudromach ri làmh-sgrìobhainn sam bith o linn Bliadhna Theàrlaich air a bhith sa Chruinneachadh aig Drambuie gun fhiosd dhaib’ fhèin fad iomadh bliadhna – ‘s gu fortanach a-nis tha e aithnichte mar chunntas a sgrìobh Alastair Mac Mhaighstir Alastair.

Tha pàirt dhen chruinneachadh aig Drambuie ri fhaicinn ann an Gailearaidh Nàiseanta nan Dealbhan Daoine ann an Dùn Èideann. A rèir neach-labhairt on Ghailearaidh chan eil an làmh-sgrìobhainn am measg nan glainneachan fìnealta ‘s nan dealbhan grinn a tha iad a’ taisbeanadh an-dràsta, ach thuirt e gu robh iad an dòchas barrachd dhen chruinneachadh a shealltainn an uair a bhios crìoch air a cur air obair-leasachaidh a thèid a dhèanamh air a’ Ghailearaidh ann an ùine nach bi fada.

Ma sibh ag iarraidh an còrr fhaicinn agus barrachd a leughadh mu obair Chomann Eachdraidh Mùideart, thoiribh sùil air www.moidart.org.uk.