Monthly Archives: November 2014

Stuart Papers at Chiddingstone Castle

I received three reels of microfilm containing letters (many signed) and documents pertaining to the Stuart Papers collected by Denys Eyre Bower. In time, I will scan these to PDF and, given permission, publish some of the more interesting ones. Following, is a list of what is on the reels:

Contents – Reel 1

  1. Correspondence signed by members of the House of Stuart – letters Microfilmed in chronological sequence.

(Approximate number of letters)

Mary, Queen of Scots                                 1

James I                                                            8

Charles I                                                        20

Charles II                                                      26

James II                                                         15

William III                                                       8

James III                                                         8

Charles III                                                     11

Victor I          (Including Newspaper cuttings,
twentieth century telegrams, etc.)

  1. Privy Council Documents.

Charles II                                                      18

Anne                                                                2

James II                                                           3

William & Mary                                             2

William III                                                       5

  1. Documents and letters signed by and dealing with the adherents of the Royal House of Stuart.
  2. Papers relating to James III
    Charles II (as Prince of Wales)
    Henry IX (Cardinal York)
    Together with accounts and lists of jewels and banking accounts
  3. Catalogue of Bagot Civil War Documents, items 1 to 89.

Contents – Reel 2

  1. Continuation of the catalogue of Bagot Civil War Documents, items No. 90 to 123.
  2. State Papers:

James I                                                           2

Charles I                                                        6

Charles II                                                     80

James II                                                         7

William III                                                    21

Anne                                                               1

James III                                                      13

Contents – Reel 3

Continuation of State Papers from Reel 2.

Henry, Cardinal of York                        30

Victor                                                            1

(Supplementary to the above

Charles I                                                      3

Charles II                                                     7

4 and 5

Letters of the Sobieski Stuarts, together with bound manuscripts in the sequence in which they appear on the film.

  1. Bound volume containing original autograph letters of the Duke of Monmouth, including drawings and cuttings from the London Gazette.
  2. Bound volume containing copy of the Levant Company Charter confirmed by Charles II.
  3. Bound volume containing the Earl of Halifax’s character of Charles II.
  4. Bound volume containing notes on Clarendon’s History of the Rebellion.
  5. Bound volume containing the account of the Battle of Cape Le Hague by Tobias Smollett.
  6. Bound volume containing autographs connected with the rising in Scotland (1745).
  7. Bound volume containing autographs following the 1745
  8. Bound volume containing the decrees and judgement in favour of Patrick Grant.
  9. Accounts and Reports, etc.
  10. Bound volume containing letters and cuttings relative to Crown Prince Rupert of Bavaria, and the Sobieski Stuarts.
  11. Copies of the Whitehall Review.
  12. General Forster’s farewell.
  13. Various letters, including letters to Edward Walford and letters of Georgina Stuart d’Albany.
  14. Eight letters and documents in the period of Charles II including letters signed by the Earl of Danby.
  15. Various letters, including letters to Sir John Coxe Hippisley. C.1800.

(Hippisley was responsible for initiating the negotiations with the Duchess of Albany’s Executors in Rome for the purchase of the Main Collection of Stuart Papers, on behalf of the Prince of Wales.

These papers are now in the Royal Archives at Windsor Castle, and are available complete on Microfilm, from Micro Methods Ltd.)

These papers have been microfilmed by courtesy of Mr. Denys Eyre Bower, from his private collection at Chiddingstone Castle, Kent, written authority must be obtained from Mr. Bower to quote from, reproduce, or publish any material on the film.

Mr. Denys Eyre Bower started the collection in the 1920’s. It is now the largest collection of its kind in private hands and forms a valuable supplement, though strictly modest compared with that fantastic collection, to the Windsor Stuart Papers. Indeed many documents in Mr. Bower’s collection originally formed part of the Windsor Stuart archives which were separated from the main collection by various circumstances. The letters of the Chevalier Watson in the early 19th century describe in some detail the purchase of the Windsor papers for the de facto occupant of the Crown. The collection consists of many hundreds of documents and letters signed by the Stuart Kings and Queens from Mary Queen of Scots to the later exiled monarchy and their hereditary heirs to modern times, together with their adherents and a few of their opponents where history demands.

An interesting section includes the spurious Sobieski Stuarts of the 19th century whose claims were accepted by many people of note in Scotland and elsewhere.

A. Green

Sheffield University
1969 – 70

Roman Catholicism, Scotland 1745-47

In September attendees of the Annual Gathering visited Scalan in the Braes of GlenlivetFor much of the 18th century, the college at Scalan was one of the few places in Scotland where young men were trained to be priests. From 1717 to 1799, over a hundred were trained despite the place being burned to the ground in 1746 by soldiers under the command of Cumberland.

Since that visit I have been contacted by Fr Michael Briody who is the secretary of the Scalan Association. Fr Briody sent me a copy of a booklet he has recently published. It is entitled “Some account of the state of the Catholic Religion in Scotland during the years 1745, 1746 and 1747”.

The booklet runs to 14 pages of text and maps and is primarily a transcript of the original document (with the same title) written in 1794 by Bishop John Geddes. The document recalls Bishop John’s memories of the ’45 and its aftermath for the Catholic Community. Fr Briody has added footnotes and an introduction

The booklet is available from Fr Briody, St Michael’s Church, 133 Glenmanor Ave., Moodiesburn, Glasgow, G69 0DL. The cost is a mere £3.00 (inc postage in UK). Please make cheques payable to The Rev Michael Briody. Any money raised will go to reducing the debt owed for the new church of St Michael so if you can see your way to including a donation as well I am sure Fr Briody will be grateful.

Steve Lord

Plaque in memory of executed Jacobites, London

 

 

 

In July, August and November 1746 a total of seventeen men were put to death by hanging at the scaffold erected on Kennington Common in London. The men held a variety of ranks and levels of authority and some were Scots and some English. In life they had all been supporters of Prince Charles Edward Stuart during the Rising of 1745/46.

Sixteen of the men are buried in unmarked graves in St George’s Gardens which is just off Gray’s Inn Road and not far from King’s Cross railway station. Unfortunately, the exact location of their remains is not known but as one of the aims of the 1745 Association is to mark the places connected to the rising I am sure members will be pleased to know that this is about to come to fruition. A ground plaque will shortly be unveiled in the gardens to remember the men buried there. The seventeenth was Francis Towneley who was Colonel of the Manchester regiment and his body is buried at St Pancras Old Church not far away.

Nine were members of the Manchester Regiment: Francis Towneley (Col.), Lieutenant John Berwick, Captain Andrew Blood, Captain James Bradshaw, Lieutenant Thomas Deacon, Captain George Fletcher, Lieutenant Thomas Chadwick, Captain James Dawson and Adjutant Thomas Siddall or Syddall. Bradshaw transferred to the Lifeguards –Elcho’s from the Manchester Regt and was captured after Culloden.

Others were John Hamilton of Sandstoun, (Governor of Carlisle), Sir John Wedderburn, 5th Baronet of Blackness (Ogilvy’s Regiment), Captain Andrew Wood, (John Roy Stuart’s Regiment), Captain David Morgan, (Barrister at Law), Captain Donald MacDonald of Kinlochmoidart (Keppoch’s Regiment), Lt Walter Ogilvie, (Lord Lewis Gordon’s Regiment), Captain Alexander Leith, (Glenbuchat’s Regiment) and Lt James Nicholson (Gadd’s Coy -Perth’s Regiment).

The plaque is made of slate with unpainted letters, in keeping with the ambience of the gardens and the text will read:-

In Memory of The Officers and Gentlemen of the Army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart who were executed on Kennington Common in July, August and November 1746.

Nine of the Manchester Regiment and seven Scots are buried here. Francis Towneley, Colonel of the Manchester Regiment lies in the churchyard of Old St Pancras church.

Tandem Triumphans

The 1745 Association

The date of the unveiling of the plaque is not yet known. At the time of writing final permission has been granted and the plaque is ordered. Once the plaque is installed we shall decide upon a date for an unveiling ceremony which I hope will be attended by many people as well as representatives of interested organisations and possibly the press. Further news will be disseminated by email, Jacobite Forum and though the 1745 Association website.

 

DSCN0219

 

Steve Lord