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Using the members-only web site

1. If you have not already done so, register and get a password (you can change this afterwards) here:
http://1745association.org.uk/wp1745/?page_id=50
2. When you have received your password, login on the Member Login tab:
http://1745association.org.uk/wp1745/?page_id=58
3. Once logged in you can Comment on a Post or create a New Post. Generally, you should not keep commenting on a Post unless it is relevant to the Original Post. If you have a new topic, then create a New Post.

Wordpress posts

4. The quality of a post is determined by its content so feel free to add pictures, links to relevant information, and Categorize and Tag the post appropriately so that it can be easily found. As an example of a good post with lots of content, see the Chiddingstone Castle post.
http://1745association.org.uk/wp1745/?p=614

I will add more help as you get more familiar with using the members-only section. For now, I encourage everyone to login and post. Remember, only Comment if it is relevant to the Original Post — avoid commenting on the comments.

“Tell me and I’ll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I’ll understand.” Chinese Proverb

1745 Association Expedition to find Cluny’s Cage – 3rd June 2017

On Saturday 3rd June 2017 six members of the 1745 Association set out with backpacks, walking boots and waterproofs on an expedition to Ben Alder by Loch Ericht in the Highlands of Scotland  to identify a possible location for the famous “Cluny’s cage”. This was the secret habitation where Cluny Macpherson concealed Charles Edward Stuart and others in September 1746 in the days immediately before a ship returned him to France following the Battle of Culloden and his subsequent period as a hunted fugitive in the Highlands and Islands. Although accounts from the period have given us a description of the cage as a concealed timber constructed and thatched habitation nestling under a rock face with a natural stone hearth and fireplace somewhere in the high wilderness of Ben Alder overlooking Loch Ericht, it seems that there has never been absolute certainty as to its exact location and a number of possibilities have been suggested and even marked on various maps over the years.

Having driven and then walked into this very remote area, the 1745 Association search team based themselves at Ben Alder Cottage Bothy on the west side of Loch Ericht before splitting into smaller groups to climb the hills and corries in the vicinity in search of likely possible locations for the famous “Cluny’s cage”. Accompanied by Glen MacDonald and Jim King, Steve Lord revisited the position where he believed the cage to have been from his previous visit to the area prior to writing his excellent  book “Walking with Charlie”. Having concluded that, although a possible contender, for various the place did not entirely match the descriptions from contemporary accounts  (most notably from the “Lyon in Mourning”) the trio set off back towards Ben Alder cottage. After short while Glen looked upwards with binoculars and spotted a place high on the steep and rocky slopes of the Ben Alder mass beneath the Sgairneach Mhor summit that looked more promising. There was just time to climb to it before the appointed R/V back at the Bothy and so he and Jim decided to tackle the high slopes in order to investigate further. After an arduous and exhausting climb up steep slopes and over rocks and boulders , they arrived at the lip of a craggy, heather covered platform nestling beneath a high vertical cliff approximately 650 meters above sea level. To their surprise, excitement and delight it quickly became apparent that this place matches the basis of those contemporary account descriptions.

In particular the niche is concealed from view from below, overlooks Loch Ericht and provides a commanding view of the surrounding areas to the south and west and across the south end of Loch Ericht. Most interesting also was the fact that at the rear of the flat area upon which the Cage might have stood were two enormous rocks leaning inwards against each other and topped with a capstone forming a natural fireplace above which smoke could have risen through a series of natural stone channel chimneys and then lost from view and totally dissipated against the vertical cliffs to the rear. In this way it is known that tell-tale smoke from fires for cooking and heat from the cage were concealed from possible redcoat patrols in the glen below. This all matches descriptions from contemporary accounts. Furthermore, the underside of the stones in this natural rock hearth have a dark blackened appearance suggesting that a fire may indeed have burned there at some time – although certainly not in recent times or years. Although the place nowadays has no trees, which seems contrary to the description of the cage as being concealed in a “thicket of trees”, it is seemingly well known that the area had many more trees in the mid 18th century than it now does.

Has the 1745 Association therefore found the true location of “Cluny’s Cage” where Bonnie Prince Charlie was concealed in 1746? Who knows? Possibly! Whilst others may perhaps have discovered other likely locations, the 1745 Association believes that it has found a strong contender that ticks many of the boxes suggested to us by contemporary accounts. The association will now consider what further research or archaeology may be required and/or feasible and affordable in order to establish this beyond reasonable doubt. To be continued……………!!

Glen MacDonald

Possible natural stone hearth

Side view of stone hearth area

Side view of stone hearth area showing ground in front of rocks where cage may have stood.

Close up photo of blackening the possible hearth area

Front view showing flat area where cage may have stood

View southwards across Loch Ericht

View from below half way up the mountain

Jim King at what may have been the Cage’s natural hearth

Glen MacDonald in front of what may have been the stone hearth

Have £1.25million to spare?

Decrepit Scottish mansion where Bonnie Prince Charlie drummed up Jacobite rising is the perfect pad for a Young Pretender

Bannockburn House

Bannockburn House

Bannockburn House, in Stirlingshire, Scotland, is up for sale and a community trust is trying to raise money to buy and refurbish the huge property

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4356622/Mansion-Bonnie-Prince-Charlie-drummed-Jacobite.html#ixzz4chkeKofz

1745 Association Piping Trophy Awarded

Association Council members Maureen Lipscomb (Secretary) and Glen MacDonald (Vice Chairman) attended the annual Duncan Johnstone Memorial Piping Competition at the National Piping Centre in Glasgow on Saturday 19th March 2016. The 1745 Association originally donated the trophy for the winner of the March, Strathspey and Reel section of the competition about 15 years ago. Having spent a very pleasant afternoon listening to the various competitors piping in the Piobaireachd, Jig and March, Strathspey and Reel categories, Glen MacDonald was delighted to have the honour of presenting the 1745 Association Trophy to this year’s winner, a young and very talented piper by the name of Connor Sinclair. Connor also won the competition in 2015 and is personal piper to the former SNP leader and Scottish First Minister, Alex Salmond.

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Victory at last at new Battle of Culloden

Plans to stop Culloden Battlefield – a war grave for thousands of Jacobite soldiers – from being swamped by housing developments has been approved.

A modern-day war at Culloden was launched after a 16-home development about 400 yards from the official site was last year granted by the Scottish Government, despite worldwide objections.

Read more: http://www.scotsman.com/heritage/people-places/victory-at-last-at-new-battle-of-culloden-1-3966012#ixzz3tLvYw8ts
Follow us: @TheScotsman on Twitter | TheScotsmanNewspaper on Facebook

Possible Jacobite supporter buried in Pendle

Dear all.
              What does anyone make of this?
Steve Lord
Hi Lewie,
I hope you or the 1745 Association can help me.
We are currently doing further research into the history of our church, which is St. Mary’s Newchurch in Pendle. www.stmarysnewchurchinpendle.org.uk
In our church yard we have a gravestone to the memory of James Aitken, formerly of Dundee who joined the army of Prince Charles Edward during the Scotch Rebellion 1745 and eventually settled and died at Newchurch in Pendle where he was interred November 19th 1794.
James Aitken is referred to in some our earlier histories as having a rank – perhaps Captain – but I cannot substantiate this. I note from your aims that you are interested in the personnel of army and places of interest related to the 1745.
I wonder if you know anything about James Aitken or if someone in your association might be interested in doing some research, as they are much more likely to be successful than me!
Church would be very happy to be included in your places of interest, if you felt this appropriate.
I have attached an image of the gravestone, a large marble edifice of much later than 1794.
Many thanks,
John
John Parsons
Parish Secretary
St. Mary’s Church
Newchurch in Pendle

James Aitken

Falkirk or Paradise? Commemorating the Battle of Falkirk – January 16th 2016

Falkirk or Paradise? Commemorating the 270th anniversary of the Battle of Falkirk.

Callendar House, Falkirk, Saturday, January 16th 2016.

“Tonight we shall lie either in Falkirk or in Paradise”

– reported words of Lord George Murray, General of the Jacobite Army, January 17th 1746

Falkirk, the forgotten battle…..the penultimate battle fought on British soil…. the final Jacobite triumph, yet a pyrrhic victory which left Prince Charlie’s forces severely depleted…..

270 years after the battle was fought, The 1745 Association is organising a free event to remember what happened on that day.

Itinerary

Midday: Those who wish to enjoy The Prince’s Dinner before the Main Event will gather in the Green Room, Callendar House, where, on September 14th 1745, Prince Charles Edward Stuart dined with the Earl of Kilmarnock.

1:30 PM: Green Room: Welcome and Introduction to Callendar House and the Earl of Kilmarnock during the ‘45 (Michael Nevin).

2:00 PM: The group will depart for a guided tour of the Battle of Falkirk by Geoff Bailey, author of Falkirk or Paradise (1996), the authoritative account of the events leading up to the battle and the course of the battle itself.

3:45 PM: Return by way of Falkirk Parish Church, to pay our respects to the graves of Hanoverian and Jacobite officers who fell at Falkirk.

4:30 PM: Return to Callendar House for a warming cup of tea, coffee or mulled wine, with bannock / scones.

5:00 PM: Close.

Note that the Main Event from 1:30 PM to 5:00 PM is free, but places are limited by capacity and will be allocated on a “first-come, first-served” basis.   Bookings should be made through the Council Member organising the event, Michael Nevin, either by e-mail on:

mike@nevinassociates.co.uk

or by phone on:

0782 4829 445

stating whether the booking is for The Main Event from 1:30 PM onwards, or whether you also like to book for The Prince’s Dinner at midday.

Sheriffmuir 300 Commemoration – Friday 13 November 2015

Many thanks to those members who turned out at Sheriffmuir in fairly dreadful weather on Friday 13 November to commemorate the Tercentenary of the Battle of Sheriffmuir at a joint event held in conjunction with the Association of Highland Clans & Societies (AHCS) and the Clan MacRae Society. Approximately 90 people attended from all three organisations with Jamie Erskine, the current Earl of Mar and Kellie and a direct descendant of the 6th Earl who lead the Jacobite army that day in 1715, as a principal guest. After a short ceremony and speech and a lament at the large Clan MacRae monument to remember those of that clan who fell in the battle, the focus shifted to the nearby 1745 Association cairn and plaque. The Rev Bob Harley then conducted a very moving service which included prayers, the singing of the 23rd Psalm, the reading of his poem “Allan Water” about the battle by James King and the laying of two wreaths by Council Member Mike Niven on behalf of The 1745 Association, and by John Nichols of the Northumbrian ’15 Society, followed by a lament entitled “Lament for the Children” by the Clan MacRae Piper, Jimi MacRae. Thereafter those able and willing trudged across the moor through mud, bogs and puddles to the Gathering Stone on the battlefield where a third commemorative event took place arranged by the ACHS at which our President, Brigadier John Macfarlane, read selected verses in both Gaelic and English from a moving poem of the time about the battle. Wreaths were then laid by the Earl of Mar and Kellie and several clan chiefs and representatives from a number of other clans and organisations, and the piper completed the proceedings with a third lament. Following the muddy trudge back to the road all were then ferried back by coach to the Sheriffmuir Inn to dry out and warm themselves through over afternoon tea and cakes. Although the weather was cold, windy and wet, in a strange way many present felt that it made them better appreciate the conditions endured by those who fought that day in 1715.  All in all a very successful, worthwhile and poignant commemorative event. I attach some photos of the day.

Glen MacDonald

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THE BATTLE OF SHERIFFMUIR

On this moor on 13 November 1715, a Jacobite army composed largely of
Highlanders under the command of the Earl of Mar met a Hanoverian army
consisting mainly of regular British soldiers under the Duke of Argyll,
at what has become known as the Battle of Sheriffmuir.
The result was indecisive but Mar’s failure to take advantage of Argyll’s
weakened position in the closing stages of the conflict and subsequent withdrawal
from the field contributed to the failure of the Rising – known as “The Fifteen” –
in favour of the restoration of the exiled King James VIII (the “Old Chevalier ).

ERECTED BY THE 1745 ASSOCIATION

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The Prisoners of the ’45 Volumes 1, 2, and 3

The Prisoners of the ’45 Volumes 1, 2, and 3. (1928)

Sir Bruce Gordon Seton and Jean Gordon Arnot

These have been transcribed (in Microsoft Word 2010 and zipped into one file) but not edited. Ready for digitising and adding to the database.

The Prisoners of the ’45 Volume 1,2,3

Transcribed from the Scottish History Society post (using ABBYY FineReader 11 ):

Digitised Volumes « Scottish History Society

A Jacobite Miscellany (1948) by Tayler, Henrietta, 1869-1951

We have been given permission by The Roxburghe Club to publish A Jacobite Miscellany as a PDF. Edited by Henrietta Taylor (Hetty) in 1948. This book was fully transcribed by me in 2010.

A Jacobite Miscellany download.

This book is, for me, a work of art. It is large and beautifully printed.

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A Jacobite Miscellany

A Jacobite miscellany. Eight original papers on the rising of 1745-1746.

  1. Memoria Istorica per l’anno 1744.
  2. Two letters from Magdalen Pringle.
  3. Manuscript account of the expedition to Scotland, by Sir John Macdonald.
  4. Istoria di sua Altezza Reale, il Principe di Galles.
  5. The Prince’s own account of a part of his wanderings.
  6. A portion of the diary of David Lord Elcho, 1721-87.
  7. The loss of the Prince Charles. [By George A. Talbot.]
  8. Letters of Flora Macdonald.

Sheriffmuir 300 Commemoration Event Fri 13 Nov 15 – Arrangements For Those Attending

Dear All,

Arrangements are now all in place for the “tri venue” commemorative event at Sheriffmuir on Fri 13 Nov and I am emailing you all now to let you have the relevant details in advance.

 Firstly, although I am still awaiting confirmation of the final Nos in one group, I believe that there will be at least 20 people in our party comprising mostly 1745 Association members plus one or two guests including, most notably, John and Elizabeth Nichols from the Northumbrian ’15 Society. As far as I can work out I think that 15 of us are intending to repair to the Sheriffmuir Inn on completion for afternoon tea, so that should all be very convivial.

 As a reminder there will also be approximately 60 others attending from the various affiliated clans of the Association of Highland Clans and Societies (AHCS), as well as a separate, distinct group from the Clan MacRae. In all therefore there should be about 80 of us which will be a good turnout. It is also of note that James Erskine, the current Earl of Mar, will also be attending as a guest of the ACHS.

 Please remember that there is no parking at the battle site cairns, and everyone should meet and park their cars at the Sheriffmuir Inn, FK15 0LN, before 1.30 pm.  (Indeed any vehicles parked at the very small layby next to the cairns will prove very awkward and inconvenient as there will be limited space for the numbers present on foot). Toilet facilities will be available in the Inn for those who, as we say in the Royal Navy, may wish to take the “seamanlike precaution” of “easing springs” in advance of battle! The first shuttle bus will leave from the Inn at around 1320.  Buses will shuttle people the mile or so, down to the cairns ready to start the Commemoration at 1400.

There is some talk amongst ACHS members of marching down the road from the Inn to the cairns, although at the time of e mailing I am not entirely sure if this will take place or not, and I daresay will depend upon the weather. If this takes place I am sure that any of you who wished to join this march would be welcome to do so, but may wish to arrive slightly earlier for this.

As previously mentioned the intention will be to hold three commemorative events in succession commencing at the Clan MacRae cairn, followed by a second one at our 1745 Association cairn only a few meters along the road. Bob Harley has very kindly agreed to write and conduct a short service for our part of the proceedings which will include a few appropriate words, prayers and the reading of a poem about the battle, followed buy the laying of a wreath from the 1745 Association and the playing of a lament by a piper from the Clan MacRae. Bob will provide a printed Order of Service on the day. (Don’t forget your specs!)

For John Nichols – John, we are very pleased that you and Elizabeth will be with us and would of course be delighted to include provision in the proceedings for you to lay a wreath on behalf of the Northumbrian ’15 Society if you wish to. Alternatively you may prefer to lay a wreath at the Gathering Stone. You can let us know in due course, or on the day.

Thereafter, for those wishing and able to make the walk across the muir on the battlefield itself, the ACHS will conduct a third commemorative event at the Gathering Stone at which a number of representatives will lay wreaths from various clans and societies etc. This event will also include the reading of an appropriate poem in Gaelic by our own President, Brigadier John Macfarlane, as well as a further lament by the piper. Please remember to wear suitable footwear for the walk up onto the muir where the going, depending on the weather, may be wet and muddy or icy.

All in all this should be a very enjoyable and interesting event. Thereafter we will walk back to the roadside area where the shuttle bus will take us back in groups to the Sheriffmuir Inn for afternoon tea and/or to be reunited with our cars, as appropriate.

 For those partaking of afternoon tea this has been booked for you and the cost will be £6 per person, for which I understand we will (each!) be offered tea, a scone and a piece of cake! Please bring exact money for the numbers in your group as I will collect £6 per head from each of you in order to pass the correct amount of money to the ACHS who will then settle the bill on behalf of all three groups. Providing change in return for £10 or £20 notes may not be possible.

I am very keen that we capture this event in photographs so that we can then post them on our website and possibly also in a future 1745 Association E mail Newsletter. Whilst I will take some photos myself, it would therefore be appreciated if some of those present might also bring a camera and subsequently e mail any good digital images to me for these purposes.

Finally I note the following message from the ACHS e mail to their members which may be of interest:
“Nicholas Maclean-Bristol will be attending the Commemoration and there is a chapter on the Maclean involvement in the battle, along with the lead up to the battle and its aftermath, in his book ‘Castor and Pollux’.  If people have not got a copy, and contact him [nmbcoll@aol.com], he will bring copies on 13th November. The cost of the book [a big reduction] is £15.

Nicholas also has copies of his ‘Inhabitants of the Inner Isles, Morvern and Ardnamurchan, 1716’, published by the Scottish Record Society, which lists all the people living on Mull and the area, by name, and whether or not they were involved in the 1715 Rising.  These are available at £10 each [again a good reduction].”

I hope that all of the above information is clear. However, if anyone has any particular queries or issues then please don’t hesitate to e mail me back. Meantime, thank you very much for your willingness to attend this event I very much look forward to seeing you all on the day. Many thanks.

 Regards,

 Glen

 Glen MacDonald

Stuarts in Exile BBC 4

Just watched The Stuarts in Exile on BBC 4 (2100 28 Oct) Covered the period 1688 to 1715. Quite well done in my opinion.  On iplayer no doubt for some time.

There will be at least one more episode, maybe more. Worth watching

Steve

 

 

‘Outlander’ Season 2 Casts Bonnie Prince Charlie

Starz’s “Outlander” is rounding out its cast for season two, which is based on the second book in Diana Gabaldon’s historical, time-traveling series, “Dragonfly in Amber.”

Andrew Gower (“The Village,” “A.D. The Bible Continues”) has been cast as Prince Charles Edward Stuart in the new season, Variety has confirmed. When Charles Stuart isn’t carousing with his Jacobite supporters, the young heir to the exiled Catholic royal dynasty is plotting his return to the throne. An unlikely leader with an unabashed taste for alcohol and women, Prince Charles is hell-bent on glory — no matter what the cost.

Scotland’s DNA project reveals that Bonnie Prince Charlie has English ancestry

From The Telegraph

Not only are we not all Celts and Vikings north of the border, it appears that Bonnie Prince Charlie himself had English ancestors.

Around 1,000 people have been tested in the past four months as part of the Scotland’s DNA project, and the preliminary results reveal the “astonishing” diversity of our genetic origins.

Perhaps even more surprising than the ancestry of the Jacobite prince, is the revelation that one per cent of Scotsmen, around 26,000 individuals, are descended from the Berber and Tuareg tribesmen of the Sahara, with a lineage going back 5,600 years.

The project has also found a lost tribe, the Maeatae, who fought the Roman legions in 208AD and seemed to disapper from recorded history in the 8th century. The latest DNA techniques re-discovered them – concentrated in their historic homelands around Stirling.

What’s in a Name?

What’s in a name? There has been something of a drop in membership recently, not significant yet, but if the trend continues it may be cause for some concern. Conventional methods of publicity, i.e. advertising leafleting etc., have thus far failed to attract the numbers we had hoped for, despite all the hard work and energy that has gone into them. Several significant members of the Association, including our President, Chairman Dr Christopher Duffy, and myself have suggested that perhaps we should consider the possibility of a name change, in an effort to clarify what we represent. At present what does our title mean? Is 1745 just a series of numbers with no significance to the average man in the street?  Should the word “Jacobite” be included in our name, presenting ourselves as “The 1745 Jacobite Association?”  This could be a contentious move. Let me state this, however, “Jacobite Studies” is an accepted part of academia, indeed, “The Jacobite Studies Trust,” has prominent academics like Eveline Cruickshanks and Professor Murray Pittock as trustees. If we inserted the word “Historical” to become “The 1745 Jacobite Historical Association,” somewhat lengthy but would that perhaps give even more indication as to our purpose, studying the Jacobite period of history, and also distancing ourselves from these very “odd groups” who attend Culloden among other places.

The possibility of a name change was debated at the A.G.M. at Connel Ferry, Argyll, having been brought up in the Chairman’s report. No firm decision will be taken until the next A.G.M. in Cumbria, but this will allow both the Council and the membership time to reflect on what is an important issue. Our constitution allows for the Council of our Association to recommend to the membership any item for consideration by members attending the A.G.M. and those attending will have the chance to vote on this possible name change. In view of this fact I would ask all members (particularly those unable to attend the Gathering) to consider this possibility,  and contact me with any comments and opinions they may have, after all it is your Association and some things are more important than others. This I would suggest falls into that category.

Le gach deagh dhurachd, Brian, Editor,                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                                

The National Anthem

Is it time to revise or even remove the national anthem? In particular verse six:

Lord grant that Marshal Wade

May by thy mighty aid

Victory bring.

May he sedition hush,

And like a torrent rush,

Rebellious Scots to crush.

God save the Queen!

A Jacobite curiosity in Pisa

My dear fellows,

IMG_20150922_162528I’ve just spent a couple of days in Pisa for work and even if sadly I had no time to look around for Jacobite related places (the surroundings of the town should be quite full of them since Pisa was one of the favorite holiday destinations of the Stuart brothers in the Sixties and Seventies) I passed in front of an old building with a slab that caught my attention. I have attached some photos of it since I think it could be considered a sort of Jacobite curiosity. The slab says that Count Vittorio Alfieri, the famous Italian dramatist and infamous lover of Queen Louise, was a guest in the house -which is named Palazzo Venera- from november 1784 to july 1785. The fact has awakened memories of mine since there are many letters written by the Duchess of Albany to her uncle telling that exactly during that period Charles was taking the waters in Bagni di Pisa (“bath of Pisa”, a village now called San Giuliano) and during his daily walks in Pisa he very often met the hated Alfieri and each time Charles was terribly annoyed by these encounters… It’s quite sad that there’s a marble slab to remember the few months of Alfieri in Pisa and nothing to remember the many visits the Stuarts paid to the town.

Just to have an idea of what the Stuart holidays in Bagni di Pisa were like, I suggest to give a look to the website of Villa Corliano, one of the residences used by the Stuarts (now it’s a luxury hotel), of which I also attach some photos retrieved on the net, hoping sooner or later to have the occasion to take some pictures myself.

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Above “Palazzo Venera” in via Santa Maria n. 36, Pisa

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Here the slab in memory of Alfieri

Below photos of Villa Corliano, one of the residences of the Stuarts in Pisa

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Battle of Sheriffmuir 300th Anniversary Commemoration on Fri 13th November 2015

As you may know this year will see the 300th anniversary of the Battle of Sheriffmuir on Friday 13th November. The battle of Sheriffmuir, the site of which is near Dunblane in Scotland, was a significant and fateful event in the history of the 1715 Jacobite Rising and some years ago the 1745 Association erected a commemorative cairn and plaque close to the battlefield. A picture of the cairn may be viewed on our website.

The 1745 Association is currently planning a commemorative event to take place at the battle-site on Friday 13th November in conjunction with the Association of Highland Clans & Societies (AHCS) and the Clan MacRae Society, who also have a cairn at the battle-site. Representatives will also be present from the “The 15” Northumbrian Jacobite Society. Members of the 1745 Association are therefore invited to attend what promises to be an interesting, poignant and sociable commemorative event.

The outline plan is to gather at the Sheriffmuir Inn a mile or so from the battle-site by 13:30 that day where cars may be parked, and then board shuttle mini-buses to the battle-site (where there is little or no parking available). At 14:00 the Clan MacRae will hold a short commemorative and wreath laying event at their cairn followed by a similar event at our own adjacent 1745 Association cairn. Those present will then be invited to walk the short distance to the “Gathering Stone” on the battlefield (a ten minute walk over paths and some rough ground requiring stout footwear!) where the AHCS will lay wreaths on behalf of their member clans. A piper will be present throughout and will play at each event. On completion all will return to the roadside and re-board the mini-buses to be shuttled back to the Sheriffmuir Inn for afternoon tea at 16:00.

AHCS have very kindly agree to pay for the mini buses but members wishing to attend will be asked to pay a small fee for afternoon tea if they wish to stay for this. As the logistics of the transport and the tea depend upon the numbers attending it is requested that any members who wish to attend contact Glen MacDonald by e mail  no later than Tuesday 20th October in order to reserve a place . Glen may be contacted by e mail to: glenmuriel920@hotmail.com.

English newcomer cast as tragic Scottish hero Bonnie Prince Charlie

English actor Jamie Bacon, who has never been to Scotland, is to play the lead role in a film about Bonnie Prince Charlie.

The Great Getaway will follow the Young Pretender’s escape across the Western Isles, after defeat at Culloden in the failed Jacobite rising of 1745.

Jamie Bacon

Having previously appeared in small roles in little-known British indies, this is Bacon’s first major film role. Although previously linked with American actor Jake Abel, executive producer Robbie Moffat has said that Bacon would be “perfect” for the part.

Letter from Bradley King

Hello, I am wondering if anyone has any information on what happened to the prisoners who where transported on the ship Johnson in 1747 to Port Oxford, MD? I asume they were sold but to whom and where did they go? I am interested specifically in James King, b. 1726, who was in the Duke of Perth’s regiment and taken after Culloden.

 

Bradley King

Project Gutenberg Self Publishing Press and the Battle of Culloden

BATTLE OF CULLODEN

Sourced from World Heritage Encyclopedia™ licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0
Help to improve this article, make contributions at the Citational Source
This is a recent project by Gutenberg which anyone can contribute to. Here is the first section which has many links to other articles of interest:

The Battle of Culloden (Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Chùil Lodair) was the final confrontation of the 1745Jacobite Rising. On 16 April 1746, the Jacobite forces of Charles Edward Stuart fought loyalist troops commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands. The Hanoverian victory at Culloden decisively halted the Jacobite intent to overthrow the House of Hanoverand restore the House of Stuart to the British throne; Charles Stuart never mounted any further attempts to challenge Hanoverian power in Great Britain. The conflict was the last pitched battle fought on British soil.[4]

Charles Stuart’s Jacobite army consisted largely of Scottish Highlanders, as well as a number ofLowland Scots and a small detachment of Englishmen from the Manchester Regiment. The Jacobites were supported and supplied by the Kingdom of France and French and Irish units loyal to France were part of the Jacobite army. The British Government (Hanoverian loyalist) forces were mostly English, along with a significant number of Scottish Lowlanders and Highlanders, a battalion ofUlstermen and a small number of Hessians from Germany[5] and Austrians.[6] The battle on Culloden Moor was both quick and bloody, taking place within an hour. Following an unsuccessful Highland charge against the government lines, the Jacobites were routed and driven from the field.

Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites were killed or wounded in the brief battle, while government losses were lighter with 50 dead and 259 wounded, although recent geophysical studies on the government burial pit suggest the figure to be nearer 300. The battle and its aftermath continue to arouse strong feelings: the University of Glasgow awarded Cumberland an honorary doctorate, but many modern commentators allege that the aftermath of the battle and subsequent crackdown onJacobitism were brutal, and earned Cumberland the sobriquet “Butcher”. Efforts were subsequently taken to further integrate the comparatively wild Highlands into the Kingdom of Great Britain; civil penalties were introduced to weaken Gaelic culture and attack the Scottish clan system.

A Jacobite Miscellany. Eight Original Papers on the Rising of 1745-1746.

This extremely rare book (which was owned by Lord Rennell of Rodd, K.B.E., C.B) is up for sale on Abebooks and eBay at US$1200. I have completely transcribed this amazing book and have been trying to get the Roxburghe Club to republish it because of its rarity but have made no progress in a couple of years.
A Jacobite Miscellany by Henrietta Tayler published in 1948 by The Roxburghe Club (celebrating their bicentennial in 2012).
A Jacobite Miscellany. Eight Original Papers on the Rising of 1745-1746.
ISBN/UPC:
Type:
Format: hardcover
Category:
Condition: Collectible, Very Good
Jacket Condition (if present):
Author/Artists: Tayler, Henrietta (editor)
Publisher & year: The Roxburghe Club, 1948
Edition: First Edition
Seller Item ID: Sp428
Price: 1200.00
Notes: Oxford, 1948. Large quarto, 196 pp., quarter polished calf over red cloth. A very scarce Roxburghe Club offering, very finely printed. Finely illustrated, with a frontispiece portrait of Prince Charles Edward and other illustrations. This is an excellent copy with fine contents. Some light shelfwear to boards, corners slightly bumped. This title last appeared at auction at Lyon & Turnbull in 2012. Please contact us for additional pictures or information.

Plaque St George’s Gardens London

Many of you will be aware of the 1745 Association’s plan to place a plaque in St George’s Gardens, London. The plaque is to honour the memory of 17 men of Prince Charles’ army who were put to death on Kennington Common in 1746.

The men, with the exception of one, are buried in St George’s gardens. The one exception is Francis Towneley, Colonel of the Manchester Regiment who is buried not far away in the grounds of Old St Pancras Church.
St George’s Gardens is situated about ten minutes walk from Kings Cross station and the unveiling ceremony will take place on 25 April 2015 at 1230. After the unveiling it is hoped but not yet certain that those who wish will repair to the Foundling Museum for a spot of lunch in the cafe.
Further details and ultimate confirmation will appear here in due course.
All interested, whether members of the Association or not, are invited to attend.
Steve Lord (treasurer)
P

BPC –Arran Johnston– Film

Many of you will know of and some will have  met Arran Johnston of the Prestonpans Heritage Trust. Arran plays a very convincing Prince Charles Edward on many occasions and recently sent me this message. Hit the link and see what you think

Steve Lord

 

Hi Steve,
Hope you’re well and that you enjoyed your travels!

In case you are interested, I’m working with a team creating a new independent feature film charting the Prince’s campaign from France to Derby, focussing on his relationships with O’Sullivan and Murray and how the power balance began to shift within the high command as the march progressed. I’ve co-written the script and am also taking the role of BPC in the production.

We’re zealously trying to raise funds at the moment, and have a crowd-funding campaign running through February to help make it a reality:
https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/the-chevalier-s-lament-a-scottish-feature-film

Maggie Craig has already made a generous contribution, and there are reward options for donations of all sizes (including DVDs, signed film stills, premier tickets etc). If you could help us to spread the word it would be much appreciated – we’re determined to do this story justice!

Much obliged,

Arran

Jacobite Talk in London

I also have this letter from Ian Peter MacDonald of Lyon and Turnbull

Dear Steve

I enjoyed our chat this afternoon and hope you have a good time in that London town.

As we discussed I would like to make members of the 1745 Association aware of the talk by Prof Hugh Cheape at the Caledonian Club on the 25th February entitled “Being a Jacobite and showing your allegiance – This is the time the prophecy has been proven: recollecting the 1715”. I have attached a flyer for this event.

It should be a fascinating presentation from an enormously knowledgeable man, who has written various books and curated various relevant exhibitions in his time at The National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh.

Please can you pass this on to the Association so that they are aware of the talk and those interested can book to come along..

I have attached below a link through to the webpage for our own Jacobite sale in May. We would be delighted to hear from any parties who may wish to buy or sell Jacobite artefacts  in this sale.

http://www.lyonandturnbull.com/departments/jacobite-stuart-scottish-applied-arts

with much best wishes

Ian Peter

Ian Peter MacDonald
Lyon & Turnbull
78 Pall Mall
London SW1Y 5ES

www.lyonandturnbull.com

E-Mail: ianpeter.macdonald@lyonandturnbull.com

Mobile:  07791 553 144

Tel: 0207 930 9115

Fax: 0207 930 7274

Registered in Scotland No. 191166

The link for the flyer is here. It does not work very well but good enough

Jacobite

 

Steve

Books for Sale

I have a letter from Mr James Gilmartin who informs me that he is interested in selling the following books

The History of the Rebellion1745 and 1746 by Andrew Henderson. The date on the fly leaf is 1748

Mr Gilmartin says that this book “came into my possession recently. It was given to me to enquire into by a friend who’s father it belonged to who rescued it from an ignoble grave in a council tip.”

The other book is named “The Cochrane Correspondence 1745 -6” outlining the situation in the lowlands around Glasgow at the time of the rebellion with facsimile letters to and from the main characters.

HendersonHenderson 2

image1

Mr Gilmartin is not a member of the association and although I have no reason to doubt what he says neither I nor the association take any responsibility for the outcome of any dealings you may have with him.

Mr Gilmartin’s email address is gilmartin661@icloud.com

He indicated to me that he would be happy to negotiate around the £300.00 mark for both books

Steve Lord

Jacobite Tartans

I’m surprised that there’s nothing on the website about tartans connected to the Jacobite era or Prince Charles Edward in particular. Is there a particular reason for this? I have written papers on a number of such pieces: they are available on my website.

At the moment I am working on a project to collate the disparate fragments of the plaid left by the Prince at Moy Hall which the eventual aim or making an accurate reconstruction. I wonder if it is possible to discuss this project via the website (on the research page?) which may hopefully turn up some additional specimens amongst member.

Regards  Peter

Peter Eslea MacDonald Tartan Historian

www.scottishtartans.co.uk

 

Lord Elcho Scotch Whisky

 

Allan Plant, who is a member of the association, sent me a little brochure advertising Lord Elcho whisky. It is distilled by Wemyss Malts of Edinburgh. As those of you living in Scotland probably know we might be a bit slow on the uptake about whisky in the south of England and I admit I have never come across either this particular whisky or indeed Wemyss Malts before. No doubt someone will pop up and educate me.

It’s not the cheapest blended scotch I have come across. Let’s hope it’s one of the best.

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to you all

Steve

http://lordelcho.com/

 

 

“Jacobite” Fame spreads to Australia

We have a member in Queensland called Lawrance Chadwick. He is a presenter on a community radio station called “Noosa”.  Lawrance presents a show called “The Tartan Shuttle” from noon until 2pm on Tuesdays.  http://www.noosacommunityradio.org/presenters/lawrance-chadwick/

 

He sent me the following email today. I wonder if it will generate a member or several?

I did a community announcement for, ” The Jacobite ” on-air this last Tuesday 9/12/2014.
Our local, ” footprint ” may be small around Noosa but we do audio stream worldwide on <www.noosacommunityradio.org>
I mentioned,The very Reverend Dr. Emsley Nimmo, Dr. Christopher Duffy ( I have a couple of his books ) and Maureen Lipscomb.
I rarely get feedback from listeners but, ” The Jacobite “, has been heard by thousands.
All success to, ” The Jacobite “.

 

Steve Lord

 

 

Game of Crowns

In today’s edition of The Scotsman newspaper, there is an article with the by-line Game of Crowns It relates to a new exhibition at The National Library of Scotland, opening today and running until May 2015. The theme is the build up to the so-called “Glorious Revolution,”  the union of 1707, the 1715 Rising, with a brief inclusion of the Rising of 1745

One of the more significant exhibits is the actual order given to Robert Campbell of Glen Lyon, which led to the massacre at Glencoe. The involvement of The Master of Stair is a fascinating insight to the “skull-duggery” of 17th/18th century politics which directly affected modern history.

The title of the exhibition is very apt and if anyone happens to be in Edinburgh at this time, particularly those of a Jacobite persuasion, a visit to The National Library of Scotland is a must.

Brian A, Whiting.

10 December to 10 May

George IV Bridge Building

Admission free

Opening hours:
Monday to Friday: 10.00-20.00
Saturday: 10.00-17.00
Sunday: 14.00-17.00
See also:
Festive season opening hours

Stuart Papers at Chiddingstone Castle

I received three reels of microfilm containing letters (many signed) and documents pertaining to the Stuart Papers collected by Denys Eyre Bower. In time, I will scan these to PDF and, given permission, publish some of the more interesting ones. Following, is a list of what is on the reels:

Contents – Reel 1

  1. Correspondence signed by members of the House of Stuart – letters Microfilmed in chronological sequence.

(Approximate number of letters)

Mary, Queen of Scots                                 1

James I                                                            8

Charles I                                                        20

Charles II                                                      26

James II                                                         15

William III                                                       8

James III                                                         8

Charles III                                                     11

Victor I          (Including Newspaper cuttings,
twentieth century telegrams, etc.)

  1. Privy Council Documents.

Charles II                                                      18

Anne                                                                2

James II                                                           3

William & Mary                                             2

William III                                                       5

  1. Documents and letters signed by and dealing with the adherents of the Royal House of Stuart.
  2. Papers relating to James III
    Charles II (as Prince of Wales)
    Henry IX (Cardinal York)
    Together with accounts and lists of jewels and banking accounts
  3. Catalogue of Bagot Civil War Documents, items 1 to 89.

Contents – Reel 2

  1. Continuation of the catalogue of Bagot Civil War Documents, items No. 90 to 123.
  2. State Papers:

James I                                                           2

Charles I                                                        6

Charles II                                                     80

James II                                                         7

William III                                                    21

Anne                                                               1

James III                                                      13

Contents – Reel 3

Continuation of State Papers from Reel 2.

Henry, Cardinal of York                        30

Victor                                                            1

(Supplementary to the above

Charles I                                                      3

Charles II                                                     7

4 and 5

Letters of the Sobieski Stuarts, together with bound manuscripts in the sequence in which they appear on the film.

  1. Bound volume containing original autograph letters of the Duke of Monmouth, including drawings and cuttings from the London Gazette.
  2. Bound volume containing copy of the Levant Company Charter confirmed by Charles II.
  3. Bound volume containing the Earl of Halifax’s character of Charles II.
  4. Bound volume containing notes on Clarendon’s History of the Rebellion.
  5. Bound volume containing the account of the Battle of Cape Le Hague by Tobias Smollett.
  6. Bound volume containing autographs connected with the rising in Scotland (1745).
  7. Bound volume containing autographs following the 1745
  8. Bound volume containing the decrees and judgement in favour of Patrick Grant.
  9. Accounts and Reports, etc.
  10. Bound volume containing letters and cuttings relative to Crown Prince Rupert of Bavaria, and the Sobieski Stuarts.
  11. Copies of the Whitehall Review.
  12. General Forster’s farewell.
  13. Various letters, including letters to Edward Walford and letters of Georgina Stuart d’Albany.
  14. Eight letters and documents in the period of Charles II including letters signed by the Earl of Danby.
  15. Various letters, including letters to Sir John Coxe Hippisley. C.1800.

(Hippisley was responsible for initiating the negotiations with the Duchess of Albany’s Executors in Rome for the purchase of the Main Collection of Stuart Papers, on behalf of the Prince of Wales.

These papers are now in the Royal Archives at Windsor Castle, and are available complete on Microfilm, from Micro Methods Ltd.)

These papers have been microfilmed by courtesy of Mr. Denys Eyre Bower, from his private collection at Chiddingstone Castle, Kent, written authority must be obtained from Mr. Bower to quote from, reproduce, or publish any material on the film.

Mr. Denys Eyre Bower started the collection in the 1920’s. It is now the largest collection of its kind in private hands and forms a valuable supplement, though strictly modest compared with that fantastic collection, to the Windsor Stuart Papers. Indeed many documents in Mr. Bower’s collection originally formed part of the Windsor Stuart archives which were separated from the main collection by various circumstances. The letters of the Chevalier Watson in the early 19th century describe in some detail the purchase of the Windsor papers for the de facto occupant of the Crown. The collection consists of many hundreds of documents and letters signed by the Stuart Kings and Queens from Mary Queen of Scots to the later exiled monarchy and their hereditary heirs to modern times, together with their adherents and a few of their opponents where history demands.

An interesting section includes the spurious Sobieski Stuarts of the 19th century whose claims were accepted by many people of note in Scotland and elsewhere.

A. Green

Sheffield University
1969 – 70

Roman Catholicism, Scotland 1745-47

In September attendees of the Annual Gathering visited Scalan in the Braes of GlenlivetFor much of the 18th century, the college at Scalan was one of the few places in Scotland where young men were trained to be priests. From 1717 to 1799, over a hundred were trained despite the place being burned to the ground in 1746 by soldiers under the command of Cumberland.

Since that visit I have been contacted by Fr Michael Briody who is the secretary of the Scalan Association. Fr Briody sent me a copy of a booklet he has recently published. It is entitled “Some account of the state of the Catholic Religion in Scotland during the years 1745, 1746 and 1747”.

The booklet runs to 14 pages of text and maps and is primarily a transcript of the original document (with the same title) written in 1794 by Bishop John Geddes. The document recalls Bishop John’s memories of the ’45 and its aftermath for the Catholic Community. Fr Briody has added footnotes and an introduction

The booklet is available from Fr Briody, St Michael’s Church, 133 Glenmanor Ave., Moodiesburn, Glasgow, G69 0DL. The cost is a mere £3.00 (inc postage in UK). Please make cheques payable to The Rev Michael Briody. Any money raised will go to reducing the debt owed for the new church of St Michael so if you can see your way to including a donation as well I am sure Fr Briody will be grateful.

Steve Lord

Plaque in memory of executed Jacobites, London

 

 

 

In July, August and November 1746 a total of seventeen men were put to death by hanging at the scaffold erected on Kennington Common in London. The men held a variety of ranks and levels of authority and some were Scots and some English. In life they had all been supporters of Prince Charles Edward Stuart during the Rising of 1745/46.

Sixteen of the men are buried in unmarked graves in St George’s Gardens which is just off Gray’s Inn Road and not far from King’s Cross railway station. Unfortunately, the exact location of their remains is not known but as one of the aims of the 1745 Association is to mark the places connected to the rising I am sure members will be pleased to know that this is about to come to fruition. A ground plaque will shortly be unveiled in the gardens to remember the men buried there. The seventeenth was Francis Towneley who was Colonel of the Manchester regiment and his body is buried at St Pancras Old Church not far away.

Nine were members of the Manchester Regiment: Francis Towneley (Col.), Lieutenant John Berwick, Captain Andrew Blood, Captain James Bradshaw, Lieutenant Thomas Deacon, Captain George Fletcher, Lieutenant Thomas Chadwick, Captain James Dawson and Adjutant Thomas Siddall or Syddall. Bradshaw transferred to the Lifeguards –Elcho’s from the Manchester Regt and was captured after Culloden.

Others were John Hamilton of Sandstoun, (Governor of Carlisle), Sir John Wedderburn, 5th Baronet of Blackness (Ogilvy’s Regiment), Captain Andrew Wood, (John Roy Stuart’s Regiment), Captain David Morgan, (Barrister at Law), Captain Donald MacDonald of Kinlochmoidart (Keppoch’s Regiment), Lt Walter Ogilvie, (Lord Lewis Gordon’s Regiment), Captain Alexander Leith, (Glenbuchat’s Regiment) and Lt James Nicholson (Gadd’s Coy -Perth’s Regiment).

The plaque is made of slate with unpainted letters, in keeping with the ambience of the gardens and the text will read:-

In Memory of The Officers and Gentlemen of the Army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart who were executed on Kennington Common in July, August and November 1746.

Nine of the Manchester Regiment and seven Scots are buried here. Francis Towneley, Colonel of the Manchester Regiment lies in the churchyard of Old St Pancras church.

Tandem Triumphans

The 1745 Association

The date of the unveiling of the plaque is not yet known. At the time of writing final permission has been granted and the plaque is ordered. Once the plaque is installed we shall decide upon a date for an unveiling ceremony which I hope will be attended by many people as well as representatives of interested organisations and possibly the press. Further news will be disseminated by email, Jacobite Forum and though the 1745 Association website.

 

DSCN0219

 

Steve Lord

Thesis from Stefano Baccolo and thanks to the 1745 Association

Stefano Baccolo, in his university thesis “Carlo Stuart in Italia 1766-1788—La Corte di un principe in esilio”, thanks the members of the 1745 Association.

RINGRAZIAMENTI

Al di fuori dell’ambiente universitario desidero ringraziare l’amico Dave
Waddell per il supporto che diede alla mia ricerca del testamento di Carlo
Stuart, che fu poi lo spunto per questo lavoro. Con lui ringrazio per
l’interesse e la simpateticità con cui seguirono la stessa ricerca anche Mag-
gie Craig, Stephen Lord c tutto il resto della 1745 Association, di cui sono
fiero d’essere membro.

In English:

THANKS

Outside of the university, I would like to thank my friend Dave Waddell for the support he gave to my research of the Will of Charles Stuart, which later became the inspiration for this work. I thank him for the interest and understanding which followed the same research also Maggie Craig, Stephen Lord and the rest of the 1745 Association, of which I am proud to be a member.

The poems of Alexander Macdonald (Mac Mhaighstir Alasdair)

Modern poetry in Scottish Gaelic begins with the brilliant, controversial figure of Alexander MacDonald, better known as Alasdair Mac Mhaighstir Alasdair, who was active during the eighteenth century. His only collection, Aiseirigh na Seann Chànain Albannaich (1751), was the first printed book to be published in any Celtic language. His patriotic poems mocked those who had failed to support the Jacobite cause (such as the Campbells), and in “A Chanibal Dhuidsich” George II is mocked as a German cannibal. Not surprisingly, the book was considered treasonable, and burned by the hangman in Edinburgh.

Here, in Gaelic, French, and English is one of his best known poems:

Oran a rinneadh ‘sa bhliadhna 1746 A Song Composed in the Year 1746

From the same site (with translations from John Lorne Campbell‘s 1932 book) are many others:

Oran Nuadh A New Song
O Thearlaich Mhic Sheumais! O Charles Son of James
Clo Mhic Ille Mhicheil (?) The Cloth of McGhille Micheil
Oran Mhorair Mhic Shiomoin An Elegy on Lord Lovat
Oran nam Fineachan Gaidhealach The Song of the Clans
Oran Do’n Phrionnsa A Song to the Prince
Oran Eile Do’n Phrionnsa Another Song to the Prince
Mile marbhphaisg air ant-saoghal On This Age a Thousand Curses
Mhorag Chiatach Achuil Dualaich Graceful Morag of the Ringlets
A channibal Dhuidsich O German Cannibal
Fuigheall A Fragment
Gairm do Phrionnsa Teàrlach A Call to Prince Charles
O togamaid oirnn thar uisge O Let us Go over the Sea
Fuigheall eile Another Fragment
Brosnachadh eile do na Gàidheil Another incitement for the Gaels

Potential House Building – Clifton Battle Site

There is a planning application to Eden Council for the building of houses very close to the so called “Rebel Tree” and  on part of the battle site at Clifton in Cumbria.

http://www.eden.gov.uk/planning-and-development/

 

The planning application number is 14/0656 and comments etc must be submitted by 1 Sept so I apologise to those of you who might like to personally do so.

The 1745 association has submitted comments under the auspices of the Chair.

Dear Mr Hutchinson

On behalf of The 1745 Association, I wish to express concern about the proposal to build houses on the site of the Battle of Clifton, 1746. The developers and those commissioned by them acknowledge the importance of this historical site, which we argue should be protected on the following grounds:-

​1. Conservation of the erroneously named “hanging tree”. This is more accurately described as the “rebel tree”, where Jacobite soldiers are believed to have been buried. It is therefore a memorial site for the fallen.

2. The tree is also mentioned in the Tree Survey, which states,” It is understood to have historical/heritage status.”

3. Wardell Armstrong archaeologists report that the proposed building site will infringe upon the battle site, where soldiers from both armies are likely to have been buried.

Based on these facts and the availability of more appropriate sites beyond the area of the battlefield, we oppose this planning application in the interests of protecting a site of significant importance in the history of our nation.

I would be most grateful if you could acknowledge receipt of this letter and register this as an objection to the planning application for development at the site of the “rebel tree”.

 

 

This was supplemented by the following:-

The 1745 Association is a long standing organisation that studies the Jacobite period, records and preserves the memory of those who participated in the Jacobite Rising of 1745/6 and endeavours to mark the appropriate historical sites.

As such we regard the proposal to build houses on an important historical battlefield site as a matter of concern and should not be approved until further archaeological investigations are carried out to establish whether the site includes the graves of the fallen at the Battle of Clifton and / or battlefield artefacts that merit permanent conservation in situ. If this does prove to be the case, then the site should be conserved as a site of historic importance.There is plenty of undeveloped land in Cumbria which is one of the least populated counties in the country so to build on a battle site is simply not necessary.

The developers and those commissioned by them have appreciated that the area is of historical importance:-

​1. In the design and access statement mention is made of the tree. They have its name wrong but at least they take notice of it and protect its space. “It is proposed to retain and create a focal landscaped feature of the ‘Hanging Tree’ to the north of the site, which will extend to approximately 50 metres in diameter, encompassing the root protection area of the tree.”

​ On a point of accuracy the tree is not the “hanging tree”. No one was hanged at Clifton. The tree is the “rebel tree” after the soldiers of Prince Charles Edward Stuart’s (Bonnie Prince Charlie’s) army who are buried there.

2. The tree is also mentioned in the Tree Survey. “T1 (oak) is a very old tree (probably to be considered ancient or veteran) with a large approximately 150cm diameter at breast height. There are numerous dead and fallen branches, rot holes, crown dieback and ivy around the base. Note that its root protection area has been calculated to be 18m radius from the tree stem. It is understood to have historical/ heritage status.”

3. The statement from Wardell Armstrong archaeology makes it quite clear that the proposed building site will cover part of the battle site and also states that there is a strong possibility that men from both sides of the conflict are buried there. (see Section 3,2.22 ofWardell’s statement to be found in the pdf marked “information” at the left hand side of the middle line of the attachments “View Plans and Documents”) ​

Extract from “The ’45” by Christopher Duffy

(for info regarding C. Duffy’s credentials please see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/

Christopher_Duffy)

” One sergeant and twelve men of the MacPhersons lost their lives, and the five dead who are buried at the southern end of the village by the “Rebel Tree” are almost certainly of that clan. A Whig volunteer describes them as being discovered by “some frolicsome” soldiers who “dug a deep hole in the ground, and put one of them into it with his feet downwards, and so filled the earth about his body that nothing but his head and shoulders were above the earth and in that position they left him.”* Many years later “Old Rachael of Perth”( who died in 1823 at the age of eighty-nine) identified the spot to Lord Broughham, and told him that she had seen them all laid side by side in one grave, under a tree.”**

* Lord Egmont, 13 January 1746, HMC, Manuscripts of the Earl of Egmont, III, 312,

1923.

** Ferguson, W.C., 1889, 212

The key point of our objection is the loss of an important area of the last combat ever fought in England. The emphasis on the Hanging Tree is misleading, as nobody was hanged there, all the dozen or so Jacobite fatalities were through combat, and there is no firm attribution of the burial site. The archaeological report emphases ‘structures,’ whereas the requirement is for a thorough bullet sweep by trained and responsible detectorists. (Duffy)

We regret the limited time available for comment, in view of the August holiday season. This has prevented any intervention by the English Battlefields Trust, whom we believe share our concerns.

The 1745 Association is of the opinion that much could be made of the site in terms of education and tourism if the full potential of the site and its place in the history of The UK was realised. We recognise that in the past Lowther Estates has a record of responsible stewardship, and point out that the 1745 Association is in a position to

lend positive help to any initiative to exploit the tourist potential of this historic site.

At the very least the developers ought to have the site fully investigated for human remains and historical artefacts. If then the council still decides to approve the plan for building either in full or in part the developers might be persuaded to provide money under Section 106 of The Town & Country Planning Act 1990. Such money could contribute towards the development of this site as a useful historical public amenity.The 1745 Association would be happy to help provide information and guidance in this matter

In the light of the above, the 1745 Association objects to the plans detailed in this planning application as they currently appear

.

 

Houses to be built at Clifton –surely not!!

I was contacted recently by Mr Frederick Cameron Wilson regarding a proposal to build 40 houses close to the “rebel” tree, battle site and grave site in the village of Clifton. Planning permission has not yet been sought but a public meeting has been held in the village.

Mr Cameron Wilson is a free lance photographer http://www.frederickcameronwilson.co.uk/ and hold many of the aims and sentiments of the 1745 Association to heart. He was present for part of the time at the Association’ s Gathering in Penrith some years ago.

Dr Christopher Duffy has informed the Battlefield’s Trust who are interested in the matter of course and are taking it seriously.

Any of you who live in the area might like to keep an eye on the press etc for developments

Steve Lord

 

 

Various downloadable Jacobite books of verse

Jacobite songs and ballads by Macquoid, Gilbert Samuel

Jacobite Lyrics (Volume 29) – Snyder, Franklyn Bliss

Stuart and Jacobite Lyrics (Volume 13) – Snyder, Franklyn Bliss

Jacobite minstrelsy; with notesJacobite minstrelsy

Reliques of Irish Jacobite poetry; – John O’Daly

Jacobite Songs And Ballads Of Scotland – Charles Mackay

Songs of the cavaliers and roundheads, Jacobite ballads, &c. &c. – Thornbury, Walter, 1828-1876

English Jacobite ballads, songs & satires, etc. From the mss. at Towneley hall, Lancashire – Grosart, Alexander Balloch, 1827-1899

The Jacobite Relics of Scotland: Being the Songs, Airs, and Legends, of the Adherents to the … – James Hogg

An t-Aosdàna; or a selection of the most popular Gaelic Jacobite songs, [etc.], [etc.] – Mackenzie, John, 1806-1848

The poetical works of Alexander Macdonald, the celebrated Jacobite poet : now first collected, with a short account of the author – MacDonald, Alexander, ca. 1695-ca. 1770

Jacobite melodies : a collection of the most popular legends, ballads and songs of the adherents to the house of Stuart ; with historical and explanatory notes

Innes’s edition of the songs of Scotland : selected from the works of her eminent poets ; including the celebrated Jacobite songs of the rebellion of 1745, and other favorites, introduced in the Lectures on Scottish minstrelsy by Mr. Wilson ; to whom this collection is respectfully dedicated

Remains of Nithsdale and Galloway song: with historical and traditional notices relative to the manners and customs of the peasantry – Cromek, R. H. (Robert Hartley), 1770-1812

Poets and dreamers : studies & translations from the Irish – Gregory, Lady, 1852-1932

New Collected Rhymes – Lang, Andrew, 1844-1912

Dean's Walk

The Dean’s Walk in the footsteps of St Moluag

Could you give publicity to Council and members re the above for which you will find info at:

http://aberdeen.anglican.org/media/resources/dean_walk_booklet_04.pdf
http://www.justgiving.com/deanswalk

There are also pictures at the latest news section of the Diocese of Aberdeen and Orkney website http://aberdeen.anglican.org

This is very good effort and a journey full of symbolism for the Scottish Episcopal Church and its Celtic roots. It is also a historical event of some significance. I do not think I will see the Bachuil of St Moluag return to Aberdeen in my lifetime.

John

For more information on St Moluag, see Dean Alexander Emsley Nimmo’s interview.

St Andrews Bachuil

1745 Association Cairn Loch nan Uamh

The pathway and steps to the cairn at Loch nam Uamh have recently been refurbished. As the cairn is some distance from the road and is also the most visited of the the cairns and memorials in the care of the Association it is important that the access path is kept in a safe condition.

The refurbishment cost a little more than £1000.00 but was money well spent as I am sure members will agree after looking at the photos of the completed work.

Photographs courtesy of Christian Aikman

Steve Lord

Loch nam path Loch nam  1 Loch nam 2

 

Bonnie Prince Charlie Letter – Lyon & Turnbull Auction Edinburgh May 7 2014

The letter written by Bonnie Prince Charlie to King Louis XV of France on November 5 1746, giving the Prince’s detailed account of the events of the ’45 in his own hand and appealing for the King’s support to return to Scotland to complete the campaign, is being sold at the Lyon & Turnbull books and manuscripts auction in Edinburgh on May 7th 2014.

Details are given on Lyon & Turnbull’s website,

http://www.lyonandturnbull.com/

The catalogue entry is below.

Lot 98: Stuart, Charles Edward, “Bonnie Prince Charlie”, or “The Young Pretender”, 1720-88

Estimated Price: £8,000 – £12,000

Description: Stuart, Charles Edward, “Bonnie Prince Charlie”, or “The Young Pretender”, 1720-88

Autograph letter signed to Louis XV, the King of France, “Monsieur Mon Frere et Cousin. J’ai eu l’honneur d’ecrire a Votre Majesté”, stating that he has written a Memorandum of his affairs [“un petit memoire des mes affaires”], that he strongly hopes to put into the hands of the King himself, and that he waits with impatience the King’s orders as to the day and way he may do so, and offering to come incognito to a secret rendezvous to be recommended by the king, signed “Monsieur Mon Frere et Cousin de Votre Majesté, le bon Frere et Cousin, Charles P., Clichy, le 5 Novembre, 1746”, 1 page, with Stuart, Charles Edward Autograph covering letter, stating that he is enclosing a letter for His Majesty, that without exception no one knows that he has written it nor the method of its delivery, stating that the carrier, Monsieur Kelly, is a citizen esteemed by him but that nevertheless he knows nothing of the contents [“il ne scait rien pourtant du contenu”], and that he is completely convinced of His Majesty’s friendship for him and he can be same of his, 1 leaf, integral blank, Clichy, 5 November, 1746; Stuart, Charles Edward. Autograph memoir, headed “Memoire”, describing the political situation [“ce Roiaume est a la veille de se voir aneantir”], stating that English government oppression is fostering ever more support for his cause [“j’y trouverais aujourdhui trois partisans pour un que j’y ay trouvé en debarquant”], explains his lack of success at taking the English throne, noting that he has never lacked for Scottish subjects ready to fight, but lacked money, equipment and a regular army “J’ay manqué tout a la fois, d’argent, de vivres et d’une poigneé de troupes regulieres” . If he had had just one of these he states, he would by now have been King of Scotland “et vraisembalement de toute l’Angleterre”, 2 pp., integral blank leaf, all 31 x 20cm., all with small stamp “Bu. Poitiers, Archives d’Argenson”

Notes: Provenance: The letter was passed by King Louis to the Marquis d’Argenson, his Minister of War and it remained in the d”Argenson family archives for nearly 250 years until it was loaned to the University of Poitiers for safekeeping. In 2002 the d’Argenson family sold this and other documents. Note: Prince Charlie wrote to King Louis XV of France on November 5th 1746, six weeks after his escape to France from Arisaig on the west coast of Scotland, and three weeks after his arrival at Roscoff on 11 October, setting out his account of the Rising and appealing for the King’s help to mobilise another campaign to win back his kingdom.

The document comprises three sections: [1] a covering letter to the Marquis d’Argenson, King Louis’ Minister of War, requesting that he present his letter and Memorandum to King Louis; [2] a covering letter to the King; and [3] the Memorandum itself, setting out the Prince’s account of the campaign and appealing for the King’s support.

The letters and Memorandum comprise a unique historical account, in the Prince’s own hand, setting out his version of the events of the 1745 Rising. The content of the letter shows that he had clearly not given up hope of a successful return and states bluntly that the 1745 Campaign would surely have succeeded with modest help from France at critical points during the campaign. The Memorandum confirms that the Prince’s decision to advise supporters to disperse after Culloden was not a betrayal, but rather a fully rational decision to minimise loss of life pending his efforts to mobilise further support. It reveals that the Prince was still very optimistic about the prospects for eventual success, hoping to repeat the experience of his great-uncle King Charles II, who returned to become King after the Stuart monarchy’s defeat in battle and exile abroad. Had King Louis responded positively to the Prince’s request for support to launch a new campaign, it could have altered the course of British history. However, by that time, the French had defeated British forces in Flanders, greatly assisted by the withdrawal of key British regiments from the continent to counteract the threat posed by the Rising. So, looked at from the viewpoint of King Louis and his ministers, the Prince had served his purpose and no further support was given. The Prince’s worst fears were realised when France signed the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in October 1748, recognising the Hanoverian succession and repudiating the claim of the Stuarts. With all hope of an imminent invasion abandoned, Charles was forcibly escorted from Paris and began 40 years of exile. In the light of the Prince’s subsequent decline, reading the Memorandum today is rather poignant, for we know how the story turned out, as he could not when he sat down to write to King Louis XV on November 5th 1746.